
20202021 Course Catalog [ARCHIVED CATALOG]
Course Descriptions & Competencies


The following are standard, approved subjects. Availability of any subject depends on the scheduling, program and student needs at the time. The receiving college or university determines the transferability of courses.
Course Types
Adjunct Adjunct courses may be temporary or experimental and may be used to fulfill elective credit in programs that lead to a degree or diploma. Adjunct courses may not be used to fulfill or substitute for required or option courses in any degree or program.
General Noncore courses identified as freshmansophomore courses.
Open Occupationally specific courses corresponding to courses in certain professional programs at fouryear institutions.
Voc/Tech Occupationally specific courses. Transferability is generally limited. Only 16 credits can apply to the AA/AS degree.
Core Traditional liberal arts courses in the first two years of a baccalaureate degree.
College preparatory (Coll Prep) College preparatory and skill building courses. College Preparatory courses cannot be used to fulfill degree requirements.
P/F Indicates courses taken pass/fail.
Prerequisites Successful completion of a course or other criterion necessary for a student to succeed in a higher level course.
Corequisites A course that must be taken concurrently or prior to the course.
*An instructor may deny enrollment in or drop a student from a specific course if a course
Prerequisite has not been met.


Mass Media Studies 


MMS 486  Premiere/Video Editing II Credits: 3 Lecture Hours: 2 Lab Hours: 2 Practicum Hours: 0 Work Experience: 0 Course Type: Voc/Tech This course is an intermediate overview of the practices, and software commonly used in the video editing industry. Through demonstrations, exercises and projects, students will learn editing and software techniques while creating various video assets. Prerequisite: MMS 484 Competencies
 Appraise multicamera editing
 Prepare synchronized clips based on audio
 Review and merge clips to an exiting sequence
 Prepare multicamera target sequences
 Examine multiple cameras views
 Select best recording of a multicamera edit
 Examine and finalize a multicamera editing project
 Perform editing and mixing audio techniques
 Develop and organize an interface to work with audio
 Examine the audio workspace
 Differentiate between audio characteristics
 Build voice over “scratch tracking”
 Prepare and adjust audio volume
 Select and implement levels in a sequence
 Demonstrate setup of the Audio Clip Mixer and Audio Track Mixer
 Generate edits by sweetening the sound
 Change audio with audio effects
 Apply effects in the AUDIO Track Mixer
 Prepare working processes with sub mixes
 Examine and change the EQ adjustments
 Differentiate between cleaned up and noisy audio
 Review and understand dynamics
 Modify edits by adding video effects
 Distinguish between appropriate fixed effects
 Prepare master clip effects
 Develop masking and tracking visual effects
 Demonstrate applying and removing effects
 Examine key framing effects
 Select effect presets
 Identify frequently used effects
 Produce edits with color correction and grading
 Develop a colororiented workflow
 Prepare a color correction workspace
 Examine vectorscopes and waveforms
 Prepare and implement color correction effects
 Examine and correct exposure problems
 Review and correct color balance issues
 Prepare special color effects
 Develop a creative and unique look
 Evaluate by exploring composition techniques
 Determine appropriate alpha channels
 Prepare compositing techniques
 Examine and correct with opacity
 Use alphachannel transparencies
 Develop color keying on greenscreen shots
 Select and use appropriate mattes
 Create production titles
 Explore a test with titler
 Develop with video typography
 Prepare text titles
 Develop using stylized text
 Apply shapes and logos
 Prepare a text roll and a crawl
 Select and apply templates
 Organize all assets to manage your projects
 Demonstrate how to use the Project Manager
 Review project management steps
 Examine how to import projects and sequences
 Select exports for production
 Review and manage for collaboration
 Demonstrate and optimize hard drives for performance
 Design export frames, clips and sequences
 Apply the right export options
 Develop and make single frames
 Prepare a master copy
 Examine movie, image sequence and audio files
 Develop exports with Adobe Media Encoder Composer
 Review and rework with edit decision lists

Mathematics 


MAT 034  Arithmetic Credits: 3 Lecture Hours: 3 Lab Hours: 0 Practicum Hours: 0 Work Experience: 0 Course Type: Coll Prep A review of the fundamental operations of arithmetic, including addition, subtraction, multiplication and division of whole numbers, decimals and fractions. This is a college preparatory course designed for those students who need to review and improve their knowledge of the fundamentals of mathematics. College preparatory courses cannot be used to fulfill degree requirements. Competencies
 Apply the four arithmetic operations to whole numbers, fractions and decimals.
 Apply the four arithmetic operations to whole numbers.
 Apply the four arithmetic operations to decimals.
 Add fractions with like denominators.
 Add fractions with unlike denominators.
 Subtract fractions with like denominators.
 Subtract fractions with unlike denominators.
 Add mixed numbers.
 Subtract mixed numbers.
 Multiply and divide fractions, whole, and mixed numbers.
 Relate number theory to arithmetic calculations.
 Write a word name for a number in standard or decimal notation.
 Write a number in standard or decimal notation from a word name.
 Write a word name for an amount of money and visa versa.
 Write related sentences.
 Write true number sentences using < or >.
 Round numbers to a given place value.
 Apply rules for exponential notation.
 Simplify expressions using the rules for order of operations.
 Find the factors and multiples of a number.
 Find the GCF of two or more numbers.
 Find the LCM of two or more numbers.
 Execute calculations involving ratio and proportion.
 Write ratios in fractional notation.
 Write ratios and proportions for verbal problems.
 Determine whether two pairs of numbers are proportional.
 Solve proportions.
 Define rate.
 Define unit price.
 Convert between fractional, decimal, and percent notation.
 Convert between proper fractions and mixed numbers.
 Convert between dollars and cents.
 Convert between rational and decimal fractions.
 Calculate with percents.
 Translate percent problems into a standard model.
 Calculate sales tax, commission, discounts and interest.
 Relate simple statistics to problems.
 Read data from tables, charts, and various graphs.
 Interpret data from tables, charts, and various graphs.
 Construct simple pictographs, bar graphs, line graphs, and circle graphs.
 Distinguish between mean, median, and mode.
 Compute mean, medium and mode.
 Convert measurements within the Metric and American systems and between systems.
 State the common units of measure of weight and mass, capacity, time and length.
 Convert from one unit of time to another.
 Convert from one American unit to another.
 Convert from one Metric unit to another.
 Convert between Metric and American units.
 Convert between Celsius and Fahrenheit temperature scales.
 Calculate the perimeter, area and volume of various geometric figures.
 Calculate perimeter and circumference.
 Relate diameter to radius.
 Find the area of parallelograms (including squares and rectangles), triangles, trapezoids, and circles.
 Calculate the volume of a rectangular solid, cylinder, sphere and cone.
 Use square roots and the Pythagorean Theorem to solve right triangles.
 Simplify expressions involving the square root of a perfect square.
 Estimate square roots.
 Find the length of the third side of a triangle using the Phythagorean Theorem.
 Use estimation techniques to check the reasonableness of results.
 Estimate sums and differences by rounding.
 Estimate products by rounding.
 Estimate quotients by rounding.
 Use approximate measures to check unit conversions.
 Solve word problems involving any of the above.
 Determine what information in a problem is pertinent.
 Determine what operations will be necessary in solving the problem.
 Translate word problems into equations or other strategies.
 Check the feasibility of the answer.



MAT 053  PreAlgebra Credits: 4 Lecture Hours: 4 Lab Hours: 0 Practicum Hours: 0 Work Experience: 0 Course Type: Coll Prep A review of arithmetic and an introduction to algebra. This is a college preparatory course designed to strengthen arithmetic skills and introduce basic concepts of algebra in preparation for MAT 063 . College preparatory courses cannot be used to fulfill degree requirements. Competencies
 Apply the four arithmetic operations to whole numbers, fractions, and decimals.
 Apply the four arithmetic operations to whole numbers.
 Apply the four arithmetic operations to fractions.
 Apply the four arithmetic operations to decimals.
 Apply the four arithmetic operations to any expression involving whole numbers, fractions and decimals.
 Evaluate algebraic expressions using the four arithmetic operations.
 Relate number theory to arithmetic calculations.
 Write related sentences.
 Write true number sentences using < or >.
 Round numbers to a given place value.
 Apply rules for exponential notation.
 Simplify expressions using the rules for order of operations.
 Find the factors and multiples of a number.
 Find the GCF of two or more numbers.
 Find the LCM of two or more numbers.
 Execute calculations involving ration, proportion, and percent.
 Write ratios and percents in fractional notation.
 Write percents in decimal notation.
 Write ratios and proportions for verbal problems.
 Translate percent problems into proportions.
 Solve proportions using variables.
 Relate simple statistics to problems.
 Interpret data from tables, charts, and various graphs.
 Compute mean, medium, and mode.
 Convert measurements within the Metric and U.S. Customary systems of measurement.
 State the common units of measure of weight, mass, capacity, length, time and temperature.
 Use unit fractions to convert between one U.S. Customary unit to another.
 Convert from one Metric unit to another.
 Convert between Celsius and Fahrenheit temperature scales.
 Calculate the perimeter, area, and volume of various geometric figures.
 Calculate perimeter and circumference.
 Find the area of parallelograms (including squares and rectangles), triangles, trapezoids, and circles.
 Calculate the volume of a rectangular solid, cylinder, sphere, and cone.
 Calculate perimeter and area using variables.
 Use square roots and the Pythagorean Theorem to solve right triangles.
 Simplify expressions involving the square root of a perfect square.
 Find the length of the third side of a triangle using the Pythagorean Theorems.
 Use estimation techniques to check the reasonableness of results.
 Estimate sums and difference by rounding.
 Estimate products and quotients by rounding.
 Compute with integers.
 Compare integers using <, >, or =.
 Name the additive inverse of any integer.
 Write the absolute value of any integer.
 Determine the sum of two integers.
 Determine the difference of two integers.
 Determine the product of two integers.
 Determine the quotient of two integers.
 Use the order of operations to evaluate numerical expressions.
 Simplify algebraic expressions.
 Evaluate an expression for a given value of the variable.
 Use the commutative or associative property to simplify a given expression.
 Use the distributive property to simplify an expression.
 Use the properties of 0 or 1 to simplify an expression.
 Identify the value of a given expression with exponents.
 Implement the orderofoperations rules.
 Solve firstdegree equations in one variable.
 Solve linear equations involving onestep transformations using the addition property of equality.
 Solve linear equations involving onestep transformations using the multiplication property of equality.
 Solve linear equations involving two transformations.
 Simply expressions involving whole number exponents.
 Define a positive exponent.
 Define a zero exponent.
 Use exponent rules for products, quotients, and powers.
 Compute with polynomials.
 Define polynomial.
 Evaluate a polynomial, given values for the variable.
 Classify a given polynomial according to number of terms.
 Find the sum/difference of two polynomials.
 Multiply polynomials.
 Apply the order of operations to simplify polynomials.
 Graph using a number line and a rectangular coordinate system.
 Graph rational numbers on a number line.
 Plot a given ordered pair of rational numbers on a rectangular coordinate system.
 Solve word problems involving any of the above.
 Determine what information in a problem is pertinent.
 Determine what operations will be necessary in solving the problem.
 Translate word problems into equations or other strategies.
 Check the feasibility of the answer.



MAT 063  Elementary Algebra Credits: 4 Lecture Hours: 4 Lab Hours: 0 Practicum Hours: 0 Work Experience: 0 Course Type: Coll Prep A beginning algebra course covering most elementary topics of algebra. This includes the real number system, solving equations and inequalities, polynomials, fractional equations, and radical expressions. This is an adaptor course designed for students with no algebra background or for students who need review. It is designed to prepare students for MAT 141 (Finite Math) or MAT 773 (Applied Math II). Prerequisite: Minimum ALEKS score of 14% or MAT 053 with grade of C or higher. Competencies
 Compute with integers.
 Compare integers using <, >, or =.
 Name the additive inverse of any integer.
 Write the absolute value of any integer.
 Determine the sum of two integers.
 Determine the difference of two integers.
 Determine the product of two integers.
 Determine the quotient of two integers.
 Use the order of operations to evaluate numerical expressions.
 Simplify algebraic expressions
 Evaluate an expression for a given value of the variable.
 Use the commutative or associative property to simplify a given expression.
 Use the distributive property to simplify an expression.
 Use the properties of 0 or 1 to simplify an expression.
 Identify the value of a given expression with exponents.
 Implement the orderofoperations rules.
 Solve firstdegree equations and inequalities in one variable.
 Classify statement as identity, contradiction, or conditional.
 Solve linear equations/inequalities involving onestep transformations using the addition property of equality.
 Solve linear equations/inequalities involving onestep transformations using the multiplication property of equality.
 Solve linear equations/inequalities involving two transformations.
 Solve linear equations for one variable in terms of other variables.
 Write models for verbal problems that produce firstdegree equations and inequalities in one variable.
 Translate phrases and sentences written in words into their algebraic form.
 Write an equation to solve a given word problem.
 Simplify expressions involving integer exponents.
 Define a positive exponent.
 Define the zero exponent.
 Define a negative exponent.
 Use exponent rules for products, quotients, and powers.
 Compute with polynomials.
 Define polynomial.
 Evaluate a polynomial, given values for the variable.
 Classify a given polynomial according to number of terms.
 Identify degree of term and/or polynomial.
 Find the sum/difference of two polynomials.
 Find the product of two polynomials.
 Calculate the square of a binomial.
 Apply the order of operations to simplify polynomials.
 Find the quotient of two polynomials.
 Factor polynomials.
 Remove the greatest common monomial factor.
 Factor by grouping.
 Factor a trinomial which is the product of two binomials with integral coefficients.
 Factor a binomial which is the difference of two squares.
 Factor polynomials completely.
 Operate on rational expressions.
 Identify whether an algebraic expression is rational or irrational.
 Determine whether two rational expressions are equivalent.
 State the restrictions on the variables in a given rational expression.
 Simplify a rational algebraic expression.
 Express the sum/difference of two rational expressions in simplest form.
 Express the product/quotient of two rational expressions in simplest form.
 Solve equations containing rational expressions.
 Graph a linear equation in two variables.
 Plot a given ordered pair of rational numbers on a graph.
 Name the coordinates, given a point on a graph.
 Determine ordered pairs which satisfy a given linear equation.
 State the xintercept and yintercept for a linear equation.
 Graph a linear equation on a coordinate plane.
 Write the equation of a specified line.
 Define slope.
 Determine the slope, given two points.
 Determine the slope, given the equation of a line.
 Write an equation for a line given the slope and the yintercept.
 Write an equation for a line given the slope and one point (not the yintercept).
 Write an equation for a line given two points.
 Determine the slope of a line parallel/perpendicular to a given line.
 Solve systems of linear equations.
 Recognize parallel, intersecting, and coinciding lines when given systems of two simultaneous equations.
 Solve system of equations by graphing method.
 Use elimination method to solve system.
 Use substitution method to solve system.
 Compute with radical expressions.
 Simplify a single radical.
 Rationalize a denominator.
 Express sums/differences of algebraic square roots in simplest terms.
 Express products/quotients of algebraic square roots in simplest terms.
 Recognize between which two integers a square root of a number lies.
 Solve quadratic equations in one variable.
 Use factoring to solve quadratic equations.
 Use the quadratic formula and/or completing the square.
 Write models for verbal problems that produce quadratic equations.
 Use algebraic techniques appropriate to realworld and mathematical problem situations.



MAT 064  College Prep Math Credits: 4 Lecture Hours: 4 Lab Hours: 0 Practicum Hours: 0 Work Experience: 0 Course Type: Coll Prep This is a college preparatory course for students with no algebra background or for students who need to review. It is designed to prepare students for enrollment in MAT 110 (Math for Liberal Arts) or MAT 157 (Statistics). This course includes math study skills, arithmetic skills, problemsolving, algebra and geometry. This class is not recommended for science, math or engineering majors. College preparatory courses cannot be used to fulfill degree requirements. Prerequisite: Minimum ALEKS score of 14% % or MAT 034 with grade of C or higher or MAT 053 with grade of C or higher. Competencies
 Practice study strategies that lead to math success.
 Explain thinking skills used in the study of mathematics.
 Demonstrate effective math study techniques.
 Identify resources for math help.
 Apply the four arithmetic operations to whole numbers, fractions, and decimals.
 Apply the four arithmetic operations to whole numbers.
 Apply the four arithmetic operations to integers
 Apply the four arithmetic operations to fractions.
 Apply the four arithmetic operations to decimals.
 Apply the four arithmetic operations to any expression involving whole numbers, integers, fractions and decimals.
 Evaluate algebraic expressions using the four arithmetic operations.
 Relate number theory to arithmetic calculations.
 Write related sentences.
 Write true number sentences using < or >.
 Round numbers to a given place value.
 Simplify expressions using the rules for order of operations.
 Find the factors and multiples of a number.
 Find the GCF of two or more numbers.
 Find the LCM of two or more numbers.
 Execute calculations involving ratios, proportion, and percent
 Write ratios and percents in fractional notation.
 Write percents in decimal notation.
 Write ratios and proportions for verbal problems.
 Translate percent problems into proportions.
 Solve proportions using variables.
 Develop basic understanding of simple statistics and probability.
 Interpret data from tables, charts, and various graphs.
 Compute mean, median, and mode.
 Determine sample space and basic probabilities.
 Recognize measurable attributes of objects and the units, systems, and processes of measurement.
 State the common units of measure of weight, mass, capacity, length, time and temperature.
 Make decisions about units and scales that are appropriate for problem situations involving measurement.
 Calculate perimeter and circumference.
 Find the area of parallelograms (including squares and rectangles), triangles, trapezoids, and circles.
 Calculate the volume of a rectangular solid, cylinder, sphere, and cone.
 Calculate perimeter and area using variables.
 Explore what happens to measurements of a twodimensional shape such as its perimeter and area when the shape is changed in some way.
 Identify patterns and relations
 Recognize, describe, and extend patterns such as sequences of sounds and shapes or simple numeric patterns and translate from one representation to another.
 Analyze how both repeating and growing patterns are generated.
 Describe, extend, and make generalizations about geometric and numeric patterns
 Represent, analyze, and generalize a variety of patterns with tables, graphs, words, and, when possible, symbolic rules;
 Identify patterns as linear or nonlinear and contrast their properties from tables, graphs, or equations.
 Generalize patterns using explicitly defined and recursively defined formulas.
 Find the nth term of an arithmetic and geometric sequence.
 Simplify algebraic expressions.
 Evaluate an expression for a given value of the variable.
 Use the commutative or associative property to simplify a given expression.
 Use the distributive property to simplify an expression.
 Use the properties of 0 or 1 to simplify an expression.
 Identify the value of a given expression with exponents.
 Implement the orderofoperations rules.
 Solve firstdegree equations and inequalities in one variable.
 Classify statement as identity, contradiction, or conditional.
 Solve linear equations/inequalities involving onestep transformations using the
 addition property of equality.
 Solve linear equations/inequalities involving onestep transformations using the
 multiplication property of equality.
 Solve linear equations/inequalities involving two transformations.
 Solve linear equations for one variable in terms of other variables.
 Write models for verbal problems that produce firstdegree equations and inequalities in one variable.
 Translate phrases and sentences written in words into algebraic expressions.
 Write an equation to solve a given word problem.
 Simplify expressions involving exponents.
 Define a positive exponent.
 Define the zero exponent.
 Define a negative exponent.
 Use exponent rules for products, quotients, and powers.
 Perform basic operations using scientific notation.
 Define and evaluate square roots of real numbers.
 Write the equation of a specified line.
 Define slope.
 Determine the slope, given two points.
 Determine the slope, given the equation of a line.
 Write an equation for a line given the slope and the yintercept.
 Write an equation for a line given the slope and one point (not the yintercept).
 Write an equation for a line given two points.



MAT 073  Elementary Algebra II Credits: 4 Lecture Hours: 4 Lab Hours: 0 Practicum Hours: 0 Work Experience: 0 Course Type: Coll Prep A review of elementary algebra along with new topics, including exponents and radicals, functions and graphs, quadratic equations, inequalities and systems of equations. This course cannot be used to fulfill degree requirements. Prerequisite: Minimum ALEKS scores of 30% or MAT 063 with a C or better Competencies
 Solve first and second degree equations/inequalities.
 Solve first degree equations using the properties of equality.
 Solve first degree inequalities using the properties of inequalities.
 Solve second degree equations by factoring.
 Solve second degree equations by the square root method.
 Solve second degree equations by completing the square.
 Solve second degree equations by using the quadratic formula.
 Solve equations reducible to quadratic form.
 Solve quadratic inequalities.
 Solve absolute value linear equations/inequalities.
 Solve fractional equations/inequalities.
 Solve exponential equations.
 Solve radical equations.
 Solve exponential equations that do not require the use of logs.
 Solve exponential equations that do require the use of logs.
 Solve logarithmic equations.
 Write models for verbal problems that result in first degree equations/inequalities.
 Write models for verbal problems that result in second degree equations.
 Demonstrate an understanding of the real number system.
 Calculate with rational numbers using order of operations.
 Graph sets of real numbers on a number line.
 Use the properties of real numbers: commutative, associative, distribute, identities, inverses, closure, and order.
 Use scientific notation.
 Simplify an algebraic expression.
 Use the rules of exponents to simplify an expression.
 Use the properties of real numbers to simplify an expression.
 Perform the basic arithmetic operations with polynomials.
 Classify polynomials according to number of terms.
 Add polynomials.
 Subtract polynomials.
 Multiply polynomials.
 Divide polynomials.
 Factor polynomials.
 Perform the basic arithmetic operations with rational expressions.
 Express rational algebraic expressions in simplest form.
 Find sums, differences, products and quotients of rational algebraic expressions.
 Simplify a complex fraction.
 Perform the basic arithmetic operations with expressions containing rational exponents or radicals.
 Express the square root of a negative number as a complex number.
 Perform the basic arithmetic operations with expressions containing complex numbers.
 Use the rules of exponents to simplify expressions containing rational exponents.
 Perform the basic arithmetic operations with expressions containing rational exponents.
 Convert an expression from radical to exponential notation and vice versa.
 Use the properties of radicals to simplify radical expressions.
 Perform the basic arithmetic operations with expressions containing radical expressions.
 Graph linear equations/inequalities and quadratic equations.
 Graph linear equations.
 Write the equation of a line.
 Graph linear inequalities.
 Graph circles, parabolas, ellipses centered at the origin, hyperbolas centered at the origin.
 Identify the type of conic section by inspecting its equation.
 Solve systems of linear equations/inequalities and nonlinear systems of equations.
 Solve linear systems of equations by the elimination method.
 Solve linear systems of equations by the substitution method.
 Solve linear systems of equations by Cramer’s Rule.
 Solve systems of linear inequalities by graphing.
 Solve nonlinear systems of equations by graphing, elimination, or substitution.
 Demonstrate an understanding of functions, function notation, inverse functions, and properties of logarithms.
 Define a function.
 Determine the domain and range of a variety of functions.
 Construct a graph of functions including: linear functions, quadratic functions, polynomial functions, square root functions, and absolute value functions.
 Given two functions, construct the sum, difference, product, quotient and composition of the functions.
 Evaluate a given function.
 Determine the inverse of a function.
 State the relationship of a logarithmic function to an exponential function.
 Use a table to find common logarithms and antilogs.
 Apply the basic properties of logs when approximating computations of products, quotients, roots and powers.



MAT 093  Math Study Skills Credits: 1 Lecture Hours: 1 Lab Hours: 0 Practicum Hours: 0 Work Experience: 0 Course Type: Coll Prep Provides students with the study techniques necessary for successful completion of their college preparatory or college credit math courses. It also addresses feelings and attitudes that might block math learning and offers strategies and techniques designed to overcome these feelings. College preparatory courses cannot be used to fulfill degree requirements. Competencies
 Recognize the uniqueness of college math courses.
 Differentiate between high school and college courses.
 Differentiate between math and other courses.
 Recognize the need to take responsibility for one’s own learning.
 Examine math related attitudes.
 Examine the causes of math anxiety.
 Practice strategies for overcoming math anxiety.
 Identify individual styles of learning.
 Analyze personal learning preference.
 Recognize characteristics of basic learning styles.
 Recognize characteristics of basic learning styles.
 Explain thinking skills used in the study of math.
 Explain what it means to know math.
 Explain what it means to understand math.
 Explain what it means to apply math.
 Explain what it means to analyze math.
 Manage time more efficiently and effectively.
 Discuss math time management.
 Plan a study schedule.
 Plan to take math courses in sequential semesters
 Demonstrate effective textbook study techniques.
 Read text and try problems prior to class.
 Recognize the necessity of using the text?s answer key.
 Mark problems to be asked in class/tutoring session/office hours.
 Make math note cards.
 Develop skills needed to be successful in the math classroom.
 Use twocolumn format for taking notes.
 Practice asking questions in a math class.
 Discuss active versus passive learning.
 Apply math testtaking skills.
 Prepare a study plan for tests.
 Preview tests.
 Rework problems.
 Analyze test errors.
 Identify resources for math help.
 Discuss meeting with an instructor during office hours.
 Identify supplements to the math text.
 Identify the process needed to obtain a tutor.
 Recognize services provided by the Academic Achievement Centers.
 Discuss the advantages of a studygroup/study partner.



MAT 110  Math for Liberal Arts Credits: 3 Lecture Hours: 3 Lab Hours: 0 Practicum Hours: 0 Work Experience: 0 Course Type: Core The student will begin to think critically by studying logic, sets and statistical reasoning. The student will examine problemsolving and decisionmaking by studying probability, application of statistical data, modeling, and financial mathematics. The student will become aware of possible abuses of mathematics. Finally the student will understand the broad usefulness of mathematics by studying history of mathematics and application of mathematics in art, music, business and/or politics. Prerequisite: Minimum ALEKS score of 30% or MAT 064 with a C or better Competencies
 Begin to think critically with mathematics
 Become familiar with logic symbols, statements and truth tables
 Use basic logic to determine the validity of arguments
 Use Venn Diagrams to picture logic statements
 Describe sets using correct notation
 Perform basic set operations
 Understand the basic terms and ideas of statistics
 Create and use statistical tables and graphs
 Discuss deductive and inductive reasoning
 Use mathematics to solve problems
 Know and use methods of estimation.
 Recognize patterns and use them to solve problems
 Become familiar with Poly?s problem solving framework
 Be able to define probability, sample spaces, odds, and expectation
 Make tree diagrams to determine probability
 Use the rules of probability to compute probabilities
 Discuss the Law of Large Numbers
 Use geometric concepts to solve problems
 Use mathematics to make decisions
 Discuss sampling methods and experiments
 Understand and use measures of central tendency, dispersion, and position to describe a data set
 Use a visual methods to describe a data set
 Become familiar with the concept of the normal curve
 Define and apply the concept of function
 Examine relationships with data
 Model problem situations with linear functions
 Explore exponential functions
 Be aware of ways mathematics can be abused
 Recognize logical fallacies
 Understand misuses of percentages
 Explore misuses of statistical graphs
 Discuss correlation and causality
 Put very large and very small numbers in perspective
 Recognize mathematics impact on society
 Briefly overview the history of math
 Discuss early number systems
 Understand and use place value
 Examine systems of measurement
 Examine the relationship of mathematics and computers
 Explore the application of mathematics to other disciplines
 Understand and use percent, ratio, simple and compound interest
 Define the effective interest rate
 Apply percent to markups and markdowns
 Discuss mortgages, installment payments and annuities
 Explore perspective and symmetry in art
 Apply mathematics to business (i.e. network analysis, scheduling problems, cryptography, economics of resources).
 Discuss theories of voting



MAT 114  Elementary Educators Math I Credits: 3 Lecture Hours: 2 Lab Hours: 2 Practicum Hours: 0 Work Experience: 0 Course Type: Core This is the first of two courses focusing on math concepts taught in K6. Topics will be covered from both a practical and theoretical standpoint, with an emphasis on practical understanding using concrete examples. Course content includes problemsolving, systems of whole numbers, numeration, algorithms for computation, topics from number theory, and topics from geometry including measurement, polygons, polyhedra, congruence and transformations. This course is for students in education fields and is not appropriate for students majoring in other areas. This is not a methods course. Prerequisite: Minimum ALEKS scores of 46% or MAT 073 with a C or better Competencies
 Evaluate integrated mathematical problemsolving strategies to solve problems
 Solve problems including but not limited to inductive reasoning, deductive reasoning, and basic set operations by applying and adapting a variety of appropriate strategies
 Model problem situations numerically and visually
 Use representations such as graphs, tables, and equations to draw conclusions
 Build new mathematical knowledge through problem solving
 Reflect on the process of mathematical problem solving
 Analyze the mathematical thinking and strategies of others
 Use the language of mathematics to express mathematical ideas precisely
 Analyze the structure of numeration systems
 Understand ways of representing numbers
 Use multiple models to develop understanding of place value
 Analyze nondecimal numeration systems including different bases
 Assess the processes used by children to compute fluently and make reasonable estimates with whole numbers and extend them to nondecimal systems
 Develop the meanings of operations and how they relate to one another
 Illustrate general principles and properties (i.e, commutative, associative, distributive) of whole numbers using visual models and mathematical notation
 Apply standard and nonstandard algorithms for additions, subtraction, multiplication, and division
 Select appropriate methods and tools for computing with whole numbers
 Evaluate number theory concepts
 Assess prime and composite numbers, factors, multiples, prime factorization, least common multiples, and greatest common factors
 Apply divisibility rules for 2, 3, 4, 5, 6, 8, 9, and 10
 Determine geometric properties and relationships in realword and mathematical problem solving
 Describe geometric terms including point, line, plane, space, ray, line segment, angle, parallel lines, perpendicular lines, skew lines, and transversals
 Analyze characteristics and properties of polygons and circles developing mathematical arguments about geometric relationships using models where appropriate
 Measure lengths using nonstandard units, the metric system, and the customary system
 Measure angles using degrees
 Convert from one unit of measurement to another within the same system
 Evaluate geometric objects
 Examine the congruence, similarity, and line or rotational symmetry of objects using transformations
 Represent translations, reflections, rotations, and dilations of objects in a plane
 Construct tessellations
 Build geometric objects including polyhedra
Competencies Revised Date: 2020 


MAT 116  Elementary Educators Math II Credits: 3 Lecture Hours: 2 Lab Hours: 2 Practicum Hours: 0 Work Experience: 0 Course Type: Core This course is a continuation of MAT 114 . Course content includes basic 2D and 3D geometry and measurement, elementary probability, data analysis and statistics, operations and algorithms for computing with fractions, decimals, percents and integers. Prerequisite: MAT 114 with a grade of “C” or better Competencies
 Demonstrate number sense with respect to fractions, decimals, percents, and integers
 Represent decimals with models
 Recognize equivalent representations for the same number
 Generate equivalent representations for the same number
 Demonstrate an understanding of fractions as parts of unit wholes, as parts of a collection, as locations on number lines, and as divisions of whole numbers
 Judge the size of fractions using models, benchmarks, and equivalent forms
 use ratios and proportions to represent quantitative relationships
 Develop numbers less than 0 by extending the number line and though familiar applications
 Compare the processes used by children to compute fluently and to make reasonable estimates with fractions, decimals, percents, and integers
 Develop the meanings of operations with rational numbers and how they relate to one another
 Use concepts from number theory such as factors, multiples, prime factorization, and relatively prime numbers to solve problems
 Use properties such as the distributivity of multiplication over addition
 Apply student developed algorithms for operations with rationals
 Apply standard algorithms for operations with rationals
 Solve problems involving proportions, such as scaling and finding equivalent ratios
 Develop the meaning of percents
 Solve problems involving percents
 Develop strategies to estimate results of computations and to judge the reasonableness of the results
 Use appropriate methods and tools for computing with fractions, decimals, percents, and integers from among mental computation, estimation, calculators and paper and pencil according to the context and nature of the computation
 Recognize geometry as measurement
 Use geometric models to answer questions in mathematics
 Solve problems concerning the perimeter of plane figures including circles
 Solve problems concerning the area of geometric figures, including circles, parallelograms, and trapezoids, and irregularly shaped figures
 Solve problems concerning the surface area of geometric figures, including spheres, cones, cylinders, pyramids, prisms, and irregularly shaped objects
 Solve problems concerning the volume of geometric figures, including spheres, cones, cylinders, pyramids, prisms, and irregularly shaped objects
 Use units of appropriate size and type to measure angles, perimeter, area, surface area, and volume
 Use common benchmarks to estimate measurements
 Develop statistical concepts
 Formulate questions that can be addressed with data
 Design investigations to address a question
 Collect data using observations, or surveys or experiments
 Represent data using tables and graphs such as scatter plots, stem and leaf plots, and histograms
 Analyze data using appropriate statistical methods
 Propose and justify conclusions and predictions that are based on data
 Propose and justify conclusions and predictions that are based on data
 Compute probabilities for simple compound events, using such methods as organized lists, tree diagrams, and area models
 Use data and probability to measure uncertainty



MAT 121  College Algebra Credits: 4 Lecture Hours: 4 Lab Hours: 0 Practicum Hours: 0 Work Experience: 0 Course Type: General This course provides an intensified study of algebraic techniques and prepares students for future study in mathematics. The central theme of this course is the concept of a function and its graph. Topics include: linear functions, polynomial functions, piecewise functions, rational functions, radical functions, exponential/logarithmic functions, and systems of equations. Prerequisite: Minimum ALEKS scores of 46% or MAT 073 with a C or better Competencies
 Analyze equations, inequalities, and mathematical models
 Graph equations and inequalities
 Solve linear, quadratic, polynomial, rational, radical, and absolute value equations
 Model realworld situations through mathematics
 Simplify complex numbers
 Evaluate functions
 Calculate slope of linear functions
 Calculate midpoint and distance between two points
 Determine domain and range
 Utilize vertical line test
 Distinguish properties of functions (including piecewise functions)
 Compare and contrast functions and their transformations
 Analyze combinations of functions
 Describe inverse functions
 Evaluate polynomial functions
 Analyze a polynomial function and relate it to a realworld application
 Rewrite a quadratic function in standard form
 Find the vertex and any xintercepts of a graph of a quadratic function
 Determine real and complex zeros of a polynomial function
 Utilize the Fundamental Theorem of Algebra
 Apply the intermediate value, remainder, factor, and rational root theorems to find polynomial roots
 Examine and graph polynomial functions
 Interpret inequalities involving polynomial functions
 Evaluate rational functions
 Analyze a rational function
 Determine horizontal/vertical/oblique asymptotes and any removable discontinuities
 Examine and graph a rational function
 Interpret inequalities involving rational functions
 Evaluate exponential functions
 Analyze exponential functions
 Examine and graph exponential functions
 Solve exponential equations
 Evaluate logarithmic functions
 Analyze logarithmic functions
 Apply the properties of logarithms
 Examine and graph logarithmic functions
 Solve logarithmic equations
 Apply exponential and logarithmic functions to problems involving interest, growth and decay
 Solve systems of equations
 Calculate and interpret solutions of linear systems
 Perform partial fraction decomposition
 Use Gaussian elimination to calculate matrix solutions to linear systems





MAT 130  Trigonometry Credits: 3 Lecture Hours: 3 Lab Hours: 0 Practicum Hours: 0 Work Experience: 0 Course Type: Core The central themes of this course include: circular functions and their inverses, trigonometric identities, trigonometric equations, solving triangles and graphing. Prerequisite: Prerequisite: Minimum ALEKS scores of 46% or MAT 121 with a C or better. Competencies
 Interpret angles and their measure
 Draw angles whose measures are given in degrees and radians
 Convert degreeminutesseconds to decimal degrees
 Determine a positive angle less than one revolution that is coterminal with a given angle
 Convert degree measure to radian measure and vice versa
 Determine arc length and the area of a sector
 Establish the trigonometric functions on a unit circle
 Determine sine, cosine, and tangent using the unit circle
 Determine the reciprocal functions using the unit circle
 Make sense of the eight fundamental identities
 Use the fundamental identities to simplify trigonometric expressions
 Evaluate trigonometric functions using the fundamental identities
 Determine the values of trigonometric functions
 Identify the signs of the trigonometric functions by quadrant
 Assess trigonometric functions
 Interpret the generalized definition of the trigonometric functions
 Evaluate the trigonometric functions given a point on the terminal side
 Find the reference angle for any given triangle
 Evaluate trigonometric functions of real numbers by table/calculator
 List the exact values for the trigonometric functions pi/6, pi/4, pi/3, pi/2, pi
 Analyze the trigonometric functions using a table/calculator
 Determine the domain and range
 Graph trigonometric functions
 Sketch the standard forms of the cosine, sine, tangent, secant, cosecant, and cotangent curves from memory
 Graph by plotting points
 Analyze and sketch trig functions using amplitudes, periods, and phase shifts
 Investigate trigonometric identities.
 Apply trigonometric identities to write equivalent forms of expressions
 Prove identities using a variety of techniques
 Prove or disprove that a given equation is an identity
 Find exact values by using identities
 Solve trigonometric equations
 Solve linear trigonometric equations
 Solve quadratic trigonometric equations
 Solve trigonometric equations by using identities
 Determine solutions to trigonometric equations with multiple angles
 Investigate inverse trigonometric functions
 Determine inverse trigonometric relations and functions
 Evaluate inverse functions
 Sketch the inverse function
 Determine the Domain and Range of Inverse Functions
 Investigate the right triangle definition of the trigonometric function
 State the righttriangle definition of the trigonometric functions
 Solve right triangle problems
 Solve solutions to problems using the Law of Cosines
 Solve problems using the Law of Sines
 Find the area of any triangle.
 Find the area of a sector of a circle
 Utilize complex numbers and polar form
 Plot complex numbers and polar coordinates
 Convert complex numbers into trigonometric form
 Convert complex numbers into rectangular form
 Convert between polar and rectangular form and vice versa.
 Use DeMoivre’s Formula to raise complex numbers to integral powers and to find the nth roots of a complex number
 Analyze conic sections using rectangular coordinates
 Formulate the standard equation of a parabola, an ellipse, and a hyperbola
 Determine the vertex, focus, and directrix of a parabola
 Determine the center, vertices, foci, and eccentricity of an ellipse
 Determine the center, vertices, foci, and asymptotes of a hyperbola
 Classify a conic from its general equation
 Examine the graph of polarform curves (cardioid, rose, limaçon, and lemniscate)



MAT 141  Finite Math Credits: 4 Lecture Hours: 4 Lab Hours: 0 Practicum Hours: 0 Work Experience: 0 Course Type: Core A general education course in practical mathematics for those students not majoring in mathematics or science. This course will include such topics as set operations and applications, methods of counting, probability, systems of linear equations, matrices, geometric linear programming and an introduction to Markov chains. Prerequisite: Minimum ALEKS score of 30% or MAT 063 with a C or better. Competencies
 Solve linear equations and inequalities in one variable
 Determine if the sentence is linear
 Isolate the variable
 Change order when operating with a negative factor
 Describe the functions and functional notation
 Define a relation
 Define a function
 Determine the dependency relationship between the variables
 Use f(x) notation
 Graph linear equations and inequalities in two variables
 Describe the Cartesian coordinate system
 Determine the coordinates of sufficient points needed to draw the line of the equation
 Locate and indicate the proper halfplane for an inequality
 Write linear models for verbal problems
 Identify the quantities pertinent to the problem
 Identify extraneous information
 Label clearly the necessary constant and variable quantities
 Write a mathematical sentence that relates the necessary quantities
 Identify, when necessary, missing information
 Perform basic matrix operations
 Define a matrix and related terms
 State the conditions under which various operations may be performed
 Add, subtract, and multiply matrices when possible
 Invert a 2 x 2 or a 3 x 3 matrix, when possible
 Solve systems of linear equations by a variety of methods
 State the possible solutions and the conditions of their appearance for a linear system
 Graph the set of equations on one set of axes
 Use the ‘multiply and add’ method to determine the solution
 Apply row operations to an augmented matrix to determine the solution (GaussJordan method).
 Solve the system by applying matrix algebra
 Identify the feasible region and vertices for a set of linear constraints
 Graph each of the constraints on the same set of axes
 Indicate the intersection of all the halfplanes as a polygon
 Find the coordinates of the vertices of the polygon
 Solve linear programming problems
 Model the limited resource problem in terms of an objective function and a set of constraints
 Graph the constraints
 Apply the Corner Point Theorem
 Confirm the result for reasonableness
 Perform basic set operations, using correct notation
 Define a set and its related terms
 Determine the intersection and union of given sets
 Illustrate the intersection and union of sets with Venn diagrams
 Use set notation to describe a Venn diagram
 Solve counting problems using the multiplication principles
 State the Fundamental Counting Principle
 Determine if a problem is a permutation or a combination
 State the relationship between combinations, Pascal’s triangle, and the binomial coefficients
 Use correctly combination and permutation notations
 Calculate factorials
 Write the sample space and specific events of an experiment
 Define sample space and event
 Distinguish between continuous and discrete outcomes
 Describe a trial of an event
 Write a clear description of an event of interest
 Evaluate the probabilities of basic problems such as dice, cards, coins, and balls
 Define the probability of an event
 Apply the addition rule for combined probabilities
 Apply the multiplication rule for combined probabilities
 Determine if events are mutually exclusive
 Calculate conditional probabilities by various methods
 Calculate conditional probability by formula
 Calculate conditional probability by probability trees
 Determine if events are independent
 Calculate probabilities by Bayes’ formula
 State characteristic properties of probability distributions
 Create a probability distribution form a frequency distribution table
 Create a probability distribution graph
 Relate the area under a probability distribution graph to the probability of an event
 State the random variable of the probability distribution
 Calculate the mean, median, mode, and standard deviation of the random variable
 Calculate the probabilities of events by means of known probability distributions
 Apply Chebychev’s Theorem
 Find the probabilities of events based on normally distributed random variables
 Estimate the probabilities of binomial events by means of a normal distribution



MAT 148  Linear Algebra w/Applications Credits: 4 Lecture Hours: 4 Lab Hours: 0 Practicum Hours: 0 Work Experience: 0 Course Type: General A study of the use and application of matrices in the solution of systems of linear equations, determinants, vector spaces, linear transformations, eigenvalues, eigenvectors, bases and projections. Linear algebra is a core course in many engineering, physics, mathematics and computer science programs. This course makes heavy use of computing technology. Graphing calculators required. Prerequisite: MAT 211 with a C or better Competencies
 Solve a system of linear equations
 Identify whether a system of linear equations has none, one or infinitely many solutions
 Solve a system of linear equations using rowreduction and backsubstitution
 Perform arithmetic operations with vectors
 Discuss the span of a set of vectors
 Solve the matrix equation Ax=b
 Decide whether a set of vectors is linearly independent
 Discuss linear transformations from one Euclidean space to another
 Identify whether a transformation is onetoone
 Perform operations on matrices
 Compute a linear combination of matrices
 Computer the product of two matrices, if it exists
 Write the transpose of a matrix
 Find the inverse of a matrix, if it exists
 Perform arithmetic operations on partitioned matrices
 Discuss various Euclidean spaces
 Define what a Euclidean space is
 Find the dimension of a given space
 Define what a subspace is and state conditions for its existence
 Find the column space of a matrix
 Find the row space of a matrix
 Find the nullspace of a matrix
 State the rank of a matrix and relate it to the column and row spaces of the matrix
 Discuss the determinant of a matrix
 Compute the determinant of a matrix by using a cofactor expansion across a row or down a column
 Describe how various row operations on a matrix affect its determinant
 Use Cramer’s rule to solve a system of linear equations
 Use the determinant of a matrix to determine whether a matrix is invertible
 Discuss vector spaces
 State the definition of a vector space
 State the definition of a vector subspace
 Define what is meant by a linear transformation from one vector space to another
 Decide whether a given set of vectors is linearly independent
 Find the coordinate vector in one coordinate system with respect to another coordinate system
 Find a set of vectors which form a basis of a vector space
 State the dimension of a given vector space
 Use the Rank Theorem to relate the rank of a matrix and the dimension of its nullspace
 State several conditions equivalent to a matrix being invertible
 Find the changeofcoordinate matrix from one coordinate system to another
 Discuss the eigenspace of a matrix
 Find the characteristic polynomial of a matrix
 find the eigenvalues, real and complex, of a matrix
 For each eigenvalue of a matrix, find a corresponding eigenvector
 use eigenvalues and eigenvectors to diagonalize a matrix
 Write the Jordan form of a matrix
 Perform vector operations in ndimensional space
 Compute the inner product of two column matrices or, equivalently, the dot product of two vectors
 Calculate the angle between two vectors
 Compute the length (or norm) of a vector
 Decide whether a given set of vectors forms an orthonormal basis of a vector space
 Find the orthogonal projection of one vector onto another
 given a set of linearly independent vectors spanning a vector space, use the GramSchmidt process to find an orthogonal basis for that space



MAT 157  Statistics Credits: 4 Lecture Hours: 4 Lab Hours: 0 Practicum Hours: 0 Work Experience: 0 Course Type: Core Tabular and graphical presentation, measures of central tendency and variability, standard elementary procedures involving the binomial, normal, student’s T, chisquare and F distributions, correlation, regression, analysis of variance and several nonparametric procedures. Prerequisite: Minimum ALEKS score of 30% or MAT 064 with a C or better. Competencies
 Discuss statistical processes
 Compare and contrast various sampling methods
 Distinguish between data types
 Discuss the impact of experimental design on experimental results, and
 Discuss ethical issues involved in establishing an hypothesis test
 Generate standard displays of data
 Create appropriate tables, charts, and graphs
 Calculate representative values of a distribution
 Calculate positional values of a distribution, and
 Calculate measures of dispersion of a distribution
 Demonstrate fundamentals of probability
 Relate experimental and theoretical probability
 Calculate simple probability, and
 Calculate the probability of simple, compound, conditional, independent, and mutually exclusive events
 Analyze probability distributions
 Define a probability distribution in terms of a random variable
 Calculate the descriptive values of a given probability distribution
 Compare and contrast discrete and continuous distributions
 Determine the probabilities of events from appropriate distribution tables, and
 Apply the normal distribution to binomial events, when appropriate
 Discuss sampling distributions
 State the conditions of the central Limit Theorem
 Find the mean and standard error of a sampling distribution, and
 Compare and contrast the standard deviation of a sample to the standard error of a sampling distribution
 Discuss the basics of hypothesis testing
 Distinguish between Type I and Type II errors
 Discuss the impact of choosing a particular significance level
 State the purpose of the hypotheses
 State the possible conclusion for an hypothesis test, and
 Determine the appropriateness of a oneor twotailed test
 Perform significance tests
 Write appropriate hypotheses
 Execute tests on the mean, proportion, and variance when one population is being studied
 Execute tests on the difference of the means and proportions and on the ratio of the variances when two populations are being studied
 Perform goodnessoffit tests
 Perform tests on contingency tables, and
 Write a clear conclusion for each significance test
 Construct confidence intervals
 Estimate the parameter value.
 Calculate the estimate of error, and
 Determine the sample size needed to restrict error to a given limit
 Implement the Analysis of Variance technique
 State what is being tested
 Write the appropriate hypothesis
 Complete an ANOVA table, and
 State the conclusion of the test
 Operate on bivariate data, and
 Determine Pearson’s Product Moment, r,
 Determine the line of best fit
 Test the correlation value r for significance, and
 Test the regression coefficients for significance
 Execute various nonparametric tests



MAT 160  Statistical Business Appl. Credits: 2 Lecture Hours: 2 Lab Hours: 0 Practicum Hours: 0 Work Experience: 0 Course Type: Open This is the second course in the statistics sequence. Course content includes application and interpretation of probability and statistics as applied to business situations by using sampling, confidence intervals, control charges, simple linear regression analysis, multiple regression analysis, correlation analysis, data analysis, time series analysis, hypothesis testing and computer analysis. Prerequisite: MAT 157 with a C or better Competencies
 Discuss statistical processes
 Compare and contrast descriptive and inferential statistics
 State the elements of statistical problems
 Discuss the role of statistics in managerial decisionmaking
 Discuss sampling distributions
 State properties
 Calculate representative values
 Compare the relationship between sample size and a sampling distribution
 Discuss estimation and a test of hypothesis
 Calculate largesample estimation of a population mean
 Calculate necessary sample size
 Write appropriate hypotheses
 Calculate and interpret pvalues
 Distinguish between Type I and Type II errors
 Interpret results of hypothesis tests
 Discuss quality control charts
 Calculate appropriate values
 Draw appropriate charts
 Analyze and interpret results
 Discuss simple linear regression
 Define a firstorder model
 Calculate, using least squares method
 State assumptions
 Calculate an estimate for the population variance
 Assess the usefulness of the model
 Calculate and interpret coefficient of determination
 Estimate and predict, using the model
 Perform hypothesis tests
 Calculate, using computer spreadsheets
 Discuss multiple regression
 Identify the model assumptions
 Calculate the model, using the method of least squares
 Estimate variance of population
 Estimate and test hypothesis
 Test the usefulness of the model
 Estimate and predict, using the model
 Relate to business world
 Calculate, using computer spreadsheet
 Perform residual analyses
 Identify pitfalls
 Discuss qualitative independent variables
 Use appropriate terminology
 Write a model



MAT 162  Prin. of Business Statistics Credits: 4 Lecture Hours: 3 Lab Hours: 2 Practicum Hours: 0 Work Experience: 0 Course Type: Core Make inferences about population parameters. Conduct regression inferential analyses. Obtain, present and organize statistical data using measures of location and dispersion; the Normal distribution; sampling distributions; estimation and confidence intervals; inference for simple linear regression analysis. Use computers to visualize and analyze data. Prerequisite: Minimum ALEKS scores of 46% or MAT 073 with a C or better. Competencies
 Examine data distributions
 Display distributions graphically
 Describe distributions numerically
 Use data to describe a population with a normal distribution
 Introduce statistical inference
 Examine relationships between variables
 Display the relationship graphically with a scatterplot
 Describe the relationship numerically with a correlation coefficient
 Use leastsquares linear regression to examine the relationship
 Use data to conduct a regression analysis
 Explain the advantages and limitations of correlation and regression for describing the relationship between variables
 Consider population parameters and probability concepts
 Examine probability.
 Examine population parameters
 Use probability to test parameters for significance
 Infer conclusions about population parameters
 Explore inferences about populations means
 Examine matched pairs data
 Explore inferences about the sample proportion
 Determine the appropriate sample size for a stated margin of error
 Explore regression inferential analyses
 Define simple linear regression
 Estimate leastsquares linear regression parameters
 Define and calculate the standard error estimate of the regression model?s standard deviation
 State and discuss the conditions for regression inference
 Define and discuss the sampling distribution of the regression parameter estimates
 Conduct a test for zero population correlation
 Examine the mean response and predict the value of an individual response
 Conduct a preliminary data analysis for multiple regression
 Determine the multiple regression equation using leastsquare to estimate coefficients
 Examine multiple regression residuals
 Calculate and discuss the multiple regression standard error
 Use statistical software to perform a multiple regression analysis
 Write a summary of a regression analysis including hypotheses, statistics used, results of tests, and inferences made



MAT 164  Calculus for Busn/Social Sci Credits: 4 Lecture Hours: 4 Lab Hours: 0 Practicum Hours: 0 Work Experience: 0 Course Type: Core Functions, graphs, differential calculus, integral calculus, introduction to maxmin theory for functions of two variables. Emphasis on application of calculus to business problems. Not a substitute for MAT 211 and MAT 217 . Prerequisite: Minimum ALEKS scores of 61% or MAT 121 with a C or better Competencies
 Perform basic operations with numbers, functions, and graphs
 Graph elementary equations
 Find distances in the plane
 Graph special types of functions
 Add, subtract, multiply, and divide elementary functions
 Find the composite of two functions
 Establish the limit of a function
 Find the slope of a curve at a specific point
 Calculate the limit of a function at a specific point
 Define continuity
 Calculate onesided limits
 Calculate limits at infinity
 Differentiate functions
 Define the derivative for realvalued functions of one real variable
 Calculate the derivative of certain elementary functions directly from the definition
 Calculate derivatives using various elementary rules: sum, product, quotient, power, etc
 Calculate derivatives using the Chain Rule
 Compute derivatives by the method of implicit differentiation
 Apply the derivative
 Locate Increasing and Decreasing Functions
 Discuss the concavity of a function
 Find any relative extrema of a function
 Find any absolute extrema of a function
 Sketch many general functions
 Solve general applied MaximumMinimum problems
 Set up and solve applications to Economics and Business
 Set up and solve related rate problems
 Apply the mean value theorem
 Calculate the indefinite and definite integrals
 Calculate indefinite integrals for elementary functions
 Use indefinite integrals to calculate definite integrals
 Calculate definite and indefinite integrals by substitution
 Apply the integral
 Find areas by integration
 Apply the definite integral to economics and business
 Find volumes by integration
 Solve problems involving exponential and logarithmic functions
 Differentiate both exponential and logarithmic functions
 Integrate both exponential and logarthmic functions
 Solve exponential growth and decay problems



MAT 211  Calculus I Credits: 5 Lecture Hours: 5 Lab Hours: 0 Practicum Hours: 0 Work Experience: 0 Course Type: Core Introduction to limits, continuity, differentiation, applications of the derivative, the definite and indefinite integral, numerical integration, exponential and logarithmic functions, other transcendental functions and introduction to differential equations. Prerequisite: Minimum ALEKS scores of 76% or MAT 121 and MAT 130 with a C or better, or MAT 129 with a C or better Competencies
 Establish the limit of a function
 Associate the proper limit symbolism with a given graphical situation
 Calculate limits of certain elementary functions
 Define the concept of limit for realvalued functions of one real variable
 Prove that a given limit statement is valid
 Compute limits involving the trigonometric functions
 Determine the continuity of functions
 State the conditions for the continuity of a function at a point
 Define continuity on an open interval and on a closed interval
 Identify intervals of continuity from a given graph
 Determine points of discontinuity
 Identify points of discontinuity as removable or nonremovable
 State and apply the Intermediate Value Theorem
 Apply the basic rules of differentiation
 Define the derivative for realvalued functions of one real variable
 Calculate the derivative of certain elementary functions directly from the definition
 Calculate derivatives using the appropriate rules for sums, products, and quotients
 State the connection between differentiability and continuity
 Calculate higher order derivatives
 Differentiate composite functions
 Calculate derivatives using the chain rule
 Compute derivatives by the method of implicit differentiation
 Set up and solve related rate problems
 Use the derivative to identify extrema
 Define relative maximums and minimums of a function
 Define and find critical values of a function
 Find the relative extrama of a function using the first and second derivative tests
 State and apply the Extreme Value Theorem
 Identify increasing and decreasing functions
 Define an increasing (and decreasing) function on an open interval
 Use the first derivative to determine if a function is increasing (or decreasing) on an interval
 Determine the open intervals on which a function is increasing and on which it is decreasing
 Identify the concavity of a function on an interval
 Define concave up (and concave down) on an open interval
 Use the second derivative to determine if a function is concave up (or concave down) on an interval
 Determine the open intervals on which a function is concave up and on which it is concave down
 Find vertical, horizontal and slant asymptotes of a function
 Define and locate the vertical asymptotes of a function
 Evaluate infinite limits of a function
 Use limits at infinity to determine the ?end behavior? of a function
 Use the end behavior of a function to identify any horizontal or slant asymptotes
 Apply the derivative to realworld problems
 Write models for realworld problems
 Set up and solve applied min/max problems
 Use the first and second derivative to graph certain elementary functions
 State the geometrical significance of the first and second derivatives
 State the physical significance for the first and second derivatives for rectilinear motion
 State and apply the mean Value Theorem for derivatives
 Calculate indefinite and definite integrals
 Calculate indefinite integrals for elementary functions
 Calculate Riemann sums in simple cases
 Define the concept of the definite integral for realvalued functions of one real variable
 Calculate the definite integral in simple cases directly from the definition
 State the first and Second Fundamental theorems of calculus
 Apply the fundamental Theorem of calculus to evaluate definite integrals
 State the mean Value Theorem for integrals
 Find inverse functions
 Determine whether a function is one to one
 Define the inverse of a function
 State the graphical relationship of inverse functions
 Find the derivative of an inverse function a specified point
 Calculate the logarithmic and exponential functions
 Define the logarithm function in the natural base e
 Demonstrate the basic properties of logarithms using the definition in 6.1
 Define logarithms in bases other than e.
 Calculate derivatives and antiderivatives of the logarithmic functions
 Define the exponential function in the natural base e.
 Define the exponential functions in based other than e
 Calculate derivatives and antiderivatives that are inverse trigonometric functions
 Calculate the inverse trigonometric functions
 Define the inverse trigonometric functions
 State the domain and range of the inverse trigonometric functions
 Calculate derivatives of the inverse trigonometric functions
 Recognize and calculate antiderivatives that are inverse trigonometric functions
 Calculate the hyperbolic trigonometric functions
 Define the hyperbolic trigonometric functions
 State the geometrical interpretation of the hyperbolic functions
 Calculate derivatives and antiderivatives of the hyperbolic functions
 Calculate derivatives and antiderivatives of the inverse hyperbolic functions
 Solve simple differential equations
 Solve differential equations using separation of variables and antidifferentiation
 Solve differential equations involving exponential growth or decay



MAT 217  Calculus II Credits: 5 Lecture Hours: 5 Lab Hours: 0 Practicum Hours: 0 Work Experience: 0 Course Type: Core Continuation of Calculus I. Topics include applications of integration, integration techniques, L’Hopital’s rule, improper integrals, infinite sequences, series, Taylor and Maclaurin series, the calculus of plane curves, parametric equations and polar equations. Prerequisite: Prerequisite: MAT 211 with a C or better. Competencies
 Solve application problems using calculus
 Use an integral to calculate area between two curves
 Find volume of a solid of revolution using the disk method
 Find volume of a solid of revolution using the shell method
 Calculate arc length using an integral
 Calculate area of a surface of revolution using an integral
 Use an integral to calculate work done by a variable force
 Use integrals to calculate moments and center of mass of a planar lamina
 Use basic techniques of integration
 Calculate certain integrals by integration by parts
 Integrate powers of Sine and Cosine
 Integrate powers of Secant and Tangent
 Integrate by Trig substitution
 Integrate by partial fractions
 Integrate by using tables and other miscellaneous techniques
 Evaluate indeterminate forms
 Identify the basic 0/0 indeterminate form
 Use L.’Hopital’s rule for the 0/0 form
 Identify other indeterminate forms
 Use L.’Hopital’s rule for the other forms
 Integrate improper integrals
 Identify the various types of improper integrals
 Evaluate a given improper integral
 Evaluate infinite series
 Define the limit of an infinite series
 Determine convergence by the integral test
 Determine convergence by the comparison test
 Determine convergence for alternating series
 Define conditional convergence
 Evaluate power series
 Define power series
 Determine the radius of convergence for a power series
 Determine Taylor and Maclaurin series for certain elementary functions
 Differentiate and integrate power series
 Analyze plane curves and 2D geometry
 Evaluate derivatives and integrals of parametric equations
 Calculate arc length for parametric equations using an integral
 Calculate area of surface of revolution for parametric equations using an integral
 Define polar coordinates
 Write the equations relating polar coordinates and rectangular coordinates
 Graph functions represented in polar form
 Determine areas of regions defined by polar form equations
 Calculate slopes and arc lengths for functions specified in polar form



MAT 219  Calculus III Credits: 4 Lecture Hours: 4 Lab Hours: 0 Practicum Hours: 0 Work Experience: 0 Course Type: Core Continuation of Calculus II. Topics include vectors and vectorvalued functions, tangent and normal vectors, arc length and curvature, vector fields, line and surface integrals, Green’s theorem, the divergence theorem and Stokes’s theorem, multivariable functions, partial derivatives, directional derivatives and gradients, optimization of multivariable functions. Prerequisite: MAT 217 or equivalent with a C or better Competencies
 Use and understand vectors in space
 Define vectors in the plane and space
 Calculate the dot product of two vectors
 Calculate the cross product of two vectors
 Apply vectors to the geometry of space
 Construct the equations of lines and planes in space
 Construct the equations of surfaces in space
 Evaluate vectorvalued functions
 Define vectorvalued functions
 Differentiate and Integrate of vectorvalued functions
 Apply vector valued functions
 Compute velocity and acceleration
 Compute tangent, normal and binormal vectors
 Compute arc length and curvature
 Utilize vector analysis is 2D
 Define and use vector fields
 Compute line integrals
 Use and understand Green’s Theorem
 Utilize vector analysis is 3D
 Compute parametric surfaces
 Compute surface integrals
 Use and understand the Divergence Theorem
 Use and understand Stroke’s Theorem
 Analyze multivariable functions
 Evaluate the limit of a multivariable function
 Discuss continuity of a multivariable function
 Evaluate the partial derivative of a multivariable function
 calculate the differential of a multivariable function
 Evaluate the derivative of multivariable function using the chain rule
 Find and discuss the directional derivatives of multivariable function
 find and discuss gradient of a multivariable function
 find the equation for a tangent plane
 Calculate optimum value of a multivariable function, with or without constraints



MAT 227  Diff Equations with Laplace Credits: 4 Lecture Hours: 4 Lab Hours: 0 Practicum Hours: 0 Work Experience: 0 Course Type: Core Ordinary differential equations, systems of ordinary differential equations, Laplace transforms, numerical methods and applications. Prerequisite: MAT 217 or equivalent with a C or better Competencies
 Solve FirstOrder Differential Equations
 Establish the existence of solutions
 Establish the uniqueness of solutions
 Graph an approximate solution by using isoclines
 Solve Variable Separable differential equations
 Solve FirstOrder Linear differential equations
 Solve Exact differential equations
 Find Integrating Factors to convert a differential equation to exact
 Solve Homogeneous Differential Equations
 Reduce differential equations to First Order
 Solve application problems involving various of the above
 Solve Linear Differential Equations
 Establish independence of functions by using the Wronskian
 Find the characteristic equation of Homogeneous Differential Equations with Constant Coefficients
 Solve Euler Differential Equations
 Solve differential equations by Reduction of Order
 Solve differential equations by the Method of Taylor Series
 Solve Nonhomogeneous Differential Equations
 Solve differential equations by the Method of Undetermined Coefficients
 Solve differential equations by the Method of Variation of Parameter
 Solve application problems involving various of the above
 Solve Linear Systems of Differential Equations
 Establish independence by using the Wronskian
 Solve differential equations by the Method of Elimination
 Solve differential equations by the Matrix Method
 Solve Nonhomogeneous Systems by Variation of Parameters
 Solve by the Laplace Transform
 Use the definition of Laplace Transforms to produce formulae
 Apply the Laplace Transform and The Inverse Laplace Transform to solve differential equations
 Apply the Laplace Transform and The Inverse Laplace Transform to solve systems of differential equations
 Solve differential equations using the Heaviside function
 Solve differential equations using the Dirac Delta function
 Solve by using numerical methods
 Solve differential equations and systems by using Euler’s method
 Solve differential equations and systems by using Taylor Series
 Solve differential equations and systems by using the RungeKutta method



MAT 772  Applied Math Credits: 3 Lecture Hours: 3 Lab Hours: 0 Practicum Hours: 0 Work Experience: 0 Course Type: Voc/Tech A course in elementary mathematical skills for technicians. Topics covered include fundamental operations with whole numbers, fractions, decimals and signed numbers; percents; geometric figures and basic constructions; area and volume formulas; English/Metric systems; measurements; and the interpretation of graphs and charts. Competencies
 Use numbers in a variety of equivalent forms
 Read whole numbers, fractions, and decimals
 List equivalent fractions
 Convert fractions to mixed numbers (and vice versa
 Convert fractions to decimals (and vice versa).
 Find common denominators
 Define percents
 Convert fractions and decimals to percents (and vice versa).
 Read signed numbers
 Describe the real number line
 Define absolute value
 Define exponential notation
 Define scientific notation
 Compute with whole numbers, fractions, decimals, and integers in real world and mathematical solving
 Apply the four arithmetic operations (add, subtract, multiply, and divide) to whole numbers
 Apply the four arithmetic operations to fractions
 Apply the four arithmetic operations to decimals
 Apply the four arithmetic operations to integers
 Apply the four arithmetic operations to complex fractions
 Demonstrate the use of exponential notation in computation
 Demonstrate the use of scientific notation in computation
 Use computational techniques appropriate to specific problems
 Model realworld problems
 Calculate a solution to the problem
 Round the answer when necessary
 Calculate using a calculator
 Recognize whether or not an answer is reasonable
 Estimate an answer
 Determine the reasonableness of the answer
 Identify basic geometric figures
 Identify two dimensional figures and parts
 Identify three dimensional figures and parts
 Demonstrate basic geometric constructions
 Construct
 Apply geometric properties and relationships in realworld and mathematical problem solving
 Demonstrate the properties of
 Use the Pythagorean theorem
 Use similarity in solving applied problems
 Demonstrate the relationships between central angle, arcs, and inscribed angles
 Explain the intersection of lines and circles
 Calculate the angles formed by circles and lines
 Use a protractor to measure angles
 Use geometric formulas to solve problems
 Calculate the measure of an angle in both degrees and radians
 Calculate the area and volume of plane figures
 Calculate lateral surface area, total surface area and volume of geometric solids (prisms, cylinders, pyramids, cones, and spheres).
 Convert measurements within the metric and English systems and between systems
 Identify the units in the English and Metric systems
 Convert within the English System
 Convert within the Metric System
 Convert between Metric and English Systems
 Model dimensional figures
 Calculate answers to dimensional figures
 Use appropriate units and tools to measure to the degree of accuracy required in a particular situation
 Calculate answers to the correct degree of precision
 Calculate answers to the correct degree of precision
 Calculate the greatest possible error
 Demonstrate measurement using calipers and micrometers
 Find the tolerance allowed for measurements
 Interpret scales to the degree of accuracy required in a particular situation
 Interpret circular scales
 Interpret uniform and nonuniform scales
 Demonstrate the use of the color codes in reading the value of electrical resistors
 Interpret graphs and charts
 Read data
 Interpret data
 Analyze data
 Create graphs/charts to depict given data



MAT 773  Applied Math II Credits: 3 Lecture Hours: 3 Lab Hours: 0 Practicum Hours: 0 Work Experience: 0 Course Type: Voc/Tech A course in algebra and trigonometry for technicians. Topics covered include polynomials, equations, systems of linear equations, factoring, quadratic equations, trigonometry, powers, roots and logarithms. Prerequisite: Minimum ALEKS scores of 30% or MAT 063 with a C or better. Competencies
 Perform fundamental algebraic operations with polynomials
 Find the sum of 2 polynomials
 Find the difference of 2 polynomials
 Find the product of 2 polynomials
 Find the quotient of 2 polynomials
 Use order of operations to evaluate expressions
 Simplify an expression
 Calculate the value of an expression with exponents
 Calculate radicals involving perfect squares and other numbers
 Solve algebraic equations having variables in both members, parentheses, and fractions
 Translate phrases and sentences written in words into algebraic form
 Solve linear equations involving one step transformations using the addition property of equality
 Solve linear equations including one step transformations using the multiplication property of equality
 Solve linear equations involving two transformations
 Solve linear equations for one variable in terms of other variables
 Evaluate a literal equation given the other variables’ values
 Use an equation to solve a given word problem
 Solve linear systems by graphing, addition, and substitution
 Plot a given ordered pair of numbers on a graph
 Name the coordinates given a point on a graph
 Determine ordered pairs which satisfy a given linear equation
 Graph a linear equation on a coordinate plane
 Recognize parallel, intersecting, and coinciding lines when given systems of 2 simultaneous equations
 Solve system of equations by graphing method
 Solve system of equations by elimination method
 Solve system of equations by substitution method
 Factor algebraic expressions including general trinomial
 Remove the greatest common monomial factor
 Factor a trinomial which is the product of 2 binomials
 Factor a binomial which is the difference of 2 squares
 Factor polynomials completely
 Solve quadratic equations by factoring, the quadratic formula, and graphing
 Use factoring to solve quadratic equations
 Use the quadratic formula to solve quadratic equations
 Use graphing to solve quadratic equations
 Write models for verbal problems that produce quadratic equations
 Solve models
 Use geometric concepts and formulas to solve problems
 Use the Pythagorean Theorem
 Use similarity in solving applied problems
 Demonstrate the relationships between central angles, arcs, and inscribed angles
 Explain the intersection of lines and circles
 Calculate the angles formed by circles and lines
 Calculate the measure of an angle in both degrees and radians
 Calculate the area and volume of plane figures
 Calculate the lateral surface area, total surface area, and volume of geometric solids (prisms, cylinders, pyramids, cones, and spheres)
 Use trigonometric ratios to find sides and angles of right triangles
 Define the 6 basic trig ratios in relation to a right triangle
 Use trigonometric ratios to find angles of a right triangle
 Use trigonometric ratios to find sides of a right triangle
 Use trigonometric ratios to solve given applied problems
 Graph sine and cosine functions
 Define the components of a graph
 Graph the functions showing the components (amplitude, period, and phrase shift).
 Solve oblique triangles
 Solve for missing parts of a triangle by Law of Sines
 Solve for missing parts of a triangle by Law of Cosines
 Show the ambiguous case involving Law of Sines
 Solve the ambiguous case
 Use trig area formula. (K=1/2 ab sin C)



MAT 900  Field Studies in Actuarial Science Credits: 4 Lecture Hours: 1 Lab Hours: 2 Practicum Hours: 6 Work Experience: 0 Course Type: Open This course is designed to give the student the opportunity to study the mathematical foundational concepts of life, property and casualty, and health insurance as well as how actuarial science is applied with the insurance industry outside the typical classroom setting. Students will learn foundational mathematical concepts and apply their learning to real world problems within the industry. Prerequisite: Instructor Permission Competencies
 Interpret categorical and quantitative data.
 Summarize categorical data for two categories in twoway frequency tables.
 Interpret relative frequencies in the context of the data.
 Recognize possible associations and trends in the data.
 Represent data on two quantitative variables on a scatter plot, and describe how the variables are related.
 Decide if a specific model is consistent with results from a given datagenerating process, e.g., using simulation.
 Calculate expected values and use them to solve problems.
 Measure success/profitability and justify the appropriate tools to support accuracy
 of the results.
 Justify conclusions from sample surveys, experiments and observational studies.
 Interpret and explain random processes underlying statistical experiments.
 Use statistics as a process for making inferences about population parameters based on a random sample from that population.
 Recognize the purposes of and differences among sample surveys, experiments, and observational studies; explain how randomization relates to each.
 Use data from a sample survey to estimate a population mean or proportion; develop a margin of error through the use of simulation models for random sampling.
 Use data from a randomized experiment to compare two treatments; use simulations to decide if differences between parameters are significant.
 Evaluate reports based on data.
 Evaluate probability outcomes of decisions, including complex situations.
 Use the rules of probability to compute probabilities of compound events in a uniform probability model
 Understand independence and conditional probability and use them to interpret data.
 Describe events as subsets of a sample space using characteristics of the outcomes, or as unions, intersections, or complements of other events.
 Construct and interpret twoway frequency tables of data when two categories are associated with each object being classified.
 Recognize and explain the concepts of conditional probability and independence in everyday language and everyday situations.
 Analyze decisions and strategies using probability concepts.
 Weigh the possible outcomes of decisions by assigning probabilities to payoff values and find expected values.
 Apply the fundamentals of actuarial science competencies
 Explain how a variety of disciplines interact within the larger process through determining actuarial values, engaging in pricing exercises, analyzing trends, etc.
 Summarize the purpose for insurance.
 Explain the concept of risk and risk management and evidence it in a qualitative and quantitative manner.
 Use key technical vocabulary and acronyms unique to actuarial science.
 Evaluate the role insurance plays in building economies.
 Summarize the role of insurance in terms of globalization.
 Articulate the role of regulations based on professional readings such as Affordable Care Act or other summaries.
 Gain exposure and understanding of property, casualty, health, annuities, and life insurance.
 Investigate and analyze various companies? vision and mission statements, as well as marketing slogans and mottos.
 Articulate and fulfill the company promise to serve the client by providing trust, security, safety, and protection.
 Analyze relevant literature of the field.
 Review relevant actuarial information
 Distinguish peerreviewed, actuarial literature from other published information
 Read, interpret, comprehend and reflect upon the credibility of professional literature.
 Compare and contrast various authors? or companies? perspectives on leadership
 and ethics within the industry.
 Analyze documents such as the Own Risk Solvency Assessment (ORSA) documents and critique their success in demonstrating sound risk management
 Demonstrate effective professional skills and leadership within the context of the industry.
 Identify the traits of successful actuarial professionals as defined by SOA, AAA and ASPCA.
 Simulate and apply the concept of professionalism as it relates specifically to actuarial science.
 Define and express the characteristics of servant leadership.
 Practice confidentiality and discretion.
 Develop trusting relationships with clients, colleagues, mentors and other professionals.
 Evaluate actuarial careers within various industries.
 Participate in and reflect on at least three different actuarial settings such as life, property and casualty, and healthcare insurance.
 Differentiate each actuarial setting.
 Compare and contrast different actuarialrelated fields in terms of cost of education, time in school, and worklife balance.
 Investigate educational requirements of an actuary and summarize necessary certification, registration and licensure requirements.
 Demonstrate critical thinking and problem solving in a professional setting.
 Present thoughtful questioning that challenges assumptions, promotes higher order thinking, leads to new insights, and validates perceptions.
 Engage in metacognition that supports reflective practice.
 Support processes that analyze, select, use, and evaluate various approaches to develop solutions.
 Engage in analysis and synthesis of multiple sources and points of information.
 Demonstrate intentional use of disciplinary frameworks to analyze complex issues and information.
 Suspend judgment while collecting evidence to make determinations.
 Explain how a variety of disciplines interact within the larger process.
 Demonstrate technical, analytical problem solving with resultsoriented solutions.
 Analyze a hard theoretical idea and create a concise business memo, visual or other communication tool for various audiences such as the CFO, CEO, Sales or Marketing Department, the public, media, or other internal stakeholders.
 Investigate data analytics and justify the power of data.
 Investigate technology concepts, systems, and operations within the industry.
 Use digital media and environments to communicate and work collaboratively, including at a distance, to support individual learning and contribute to the learning of others.
 Locate, organize, analyze, evaluate, and synthesize information from a variety of sources and media and use the information in a legal and ethical manner.
 Describe and defend human, cultural, and societal issues related to technology and its relation to the practice of legal and ethical behavior from the lens of various stakeholders.
 Apply available, and most appropriate tools, such as an AV calculator, TAS or ALFA software, etc., to gather, evaluate and use information.
 Present accurate pivot tables and calculate net present values.
 Develop accurate Excel functions and formulas and display data in Excel spreadsheets.
 Apply insurance issues from the perspective of a variety of stakeholders.
 Explain and evidence the impact of insurance from various lenses
 Explore the role of human empathy within the profession.
 Demonstrate understanding of relevant ethical and legal principles.
 Respect and practice ethics.
 Prepare a needs analysis and recommendation of insurance products based on data.
 Apply the concepts of actuarial skills to a variety of scenarios.
 Evaluate complex communication within the context of the professional environment.
 Negotiate processes that generate mutually satisfactory solutions.
 Manage and resolve conflicts.
 Interact effectively with people of different cultures.
 Select and integrate various communication processes.
 Integrate appropriate forms of information communication technology.
 Describe the interactions among modes of communication.
 Evidence meaningful and engaging interactions.
 Analyze situations in a critical manner and ask appropriate questions focused on refining the process and/or correcting mistakes.
 Create an inquiry project within an actuarial setting.
 Identify and propose an actuarial project to explore.
 Follow written and oral instructions given by instructor or actuarial colleagues.
 Adapt and be flexible within the learning environment.
 Participate in all required activities.
 Cooperate and collaborate with others involved in the project.
 Communicate effectively with others involved in the project.
 Present a final communication of project learnings.

Medical Assistant 


MAP 106  Medical Office Essentials Credits: 2 Lecture Hours: 2 Lab Hours: 0 Practicum Hours: 0 Work Experience: 0 Course Type: Voc/Tech This is an entrylevel course consisting of the basics of medical terminology, HIPAA, and front office protocol. It is intended for the individual with little or no prior medical office background. Course will include lecture and practice via front office simulation software. Competencies
 Introduce Medical Terminology
 Identify and define components of medical terms (prefixes, suffixes, combining forms, and roots)
 Identify directional terms, body regions, and body cavities
 Construct common medical terms for medical body systems
 Correctly spell and pronounce common medical disorders
 Introduce Health Information Portability and Accountability Act (HIPAA)
 Explain the need to maintain privacy and confidentiality of patient’s health records
 Identify the challenges of maintaining electronic health record confidentiality
 Explain the concept of “need to know.”
 Define Protected Health Information (or PHI) and identify what information is covered by HIPAA
 Cite the penalties to the organization and/or individual for noncompliance
 Introduce medical office protocol
 Identify proper procedures in greeting patients including those with challenging characteristics and behaviors
 Prioritize and manage demands which occur in a hectic front office
 List ways a frontoffice employee can provide a nonjudgmental, welcoming environment
 Exhibit appropriate verbal and nonverbal communication etiquette
 Perform one or more job shadows of at least three hours each.
 Introduce office accountability
 Provide examples which exemplify the expectation of being a productive team member
 Distinguish the scope of a job description in terms of responsibilities and boundaries
 Exhibit appropriate dress and conduct



MAP 110  Medical Office Management I Credits: 2 Lecture Hours: 1 Lab Hours: 2 Practicum Hours: 0 Work Experience: 0 Course Type: Voc/Tech Course emphasizes administrative responsibilities. Students will use critical thinking skills to incorporate cognitive knowledge in the performance of psychomotor and affective domains including written communications, records management, bookkeeping, banking, emergency preparedness and protective practices.In addition, this course includes computer skills in word processing, medical reports and business correspondence; professional applications of email and internet research, introduction to computerized medical office and HIPAA requirements. Competencies
 Manage medical records
 Demonstrate proper procedure for making a correction in a medical record
 Differentiate between active files, inactive files, and closed files
 Arrange a list of names in indexing order
 Arrange a list of names in alphabetical order for filing
 State four basic systems of filing
 Define types of information contained in the patient’s medical record
 Identify methods of organizing the patient’s medical record based on: problemoriented medical record (POMR) and sourceoriented medical record (SOMR)
 Identify equipment and supplies needed for medical records in order to: create, maintain, and store.
 Create, organize, and file patient medical records.
 Describe filing indexing rules.
 Differentiate between electronic medical records (EMR) and a practice management system.
 Utilize the EMR.
 Input patient data utilizing a practice management system.
 Explain the importance of data backup.
 Explain meaningful use as it applies to EMR.
 Perform banking procedures
 Prepare a bank deposit
 Define accounts receivable and accounts payable
 Describe banking procedures as related to the ambulatory care setting
 Identify precautions for accepting cash, check, credit card and debit card payments
 Computer Application
 Prepare letters and medical reports using word processing software
 List safety precautions to follow when using computer hardware and software
 Use terms associated with computer hardware
 Format documents, margins, tabs, line spacing and font
 Proofread, edit, save, print documents
 Identify standard letter parts
 Type from a rough draft utilizing proofreader marks
 Prepare memos and agendas
 Use computer storage devices (e.g., flashdrive)
 Discuss applications of electronic technology in professional communication
 Compose professional correspondence utilizing electronic technology
 Identify Health Information Technology for Economic and Clinical Health (HITECH) Act
 Send, receive, open and print email with attachments
 Utilize internet search engines
 Process mail
 Address envelope for OCR scanning
 Differentiate certified mail from registered mail.
 Protective Practices
 Identify safety signs, symbols and labels
 Discuss fire safety issues in an ambulatory healthcare environment
 Describe fundamental principles for evacuation of a healthcare setting
 Describe the purpose of Safety Data Sheets (SDS) in a healthcare setting
 Discuss protocols for disposal of biological chemical materials
 Identify and use principles of body mechanics and ergonomics
 Identify critical elements of an emergency plan for response to a natural disaster or other emergency
 Participate in a mock exposure event with documentation of specific steps
 Evaluate the work environment to identify unsafe working conditions
 Recognize the physical and emotional effects on persons involved in an emergency situation
 Demonstrate selfawareness in responding to an emergency situation
 Communication
 Recognize elements of fundamental writing skills
 Coach patients regarding office policies
 Demonstrate sensitivity to patient rights
 Utilize critical thinking skills
 Formulate questions to determine if important information is lacking.
 Reject information that is not accurate, relevant, precise or clear
 Double check all facts
 Examine the situation and evaluate the problem without bias or judgement
 Assess the situation for reason and logic
 Determine and state the goal to be accomplished
 Follow steps for implementation/problem solving
 Evaluate outcomes



MAP 118  Medical Office Management II Credits: 4 Lecture Hours: 3 Lab Hours: 2 Practicum Hours: 0 Work Experience: 0 Course Type: Voc/Tech Study of health insurance, HMOs, Workers’ Compensation, Medicare, Tricare and Medicaid. Students will use critical thinking skills to incorporate cognitive knowledge in the performance of psychomotor and affective domains including insurance filing, CPT, ICD and HCPCS coding, posting of charges/payments both manually and with computer applications, telephone techniques, fax machine, appointment scheduling and chart audits. Students keep financial records and utilize both EMR and traditional charts to manage patient records. Psychomotor skills include inventory control, purchasing, quality control, quality improvement and management of facility, equipment and supplies. Students utilize policy, procedure and safety manuals. Prerequisite: Grade of C or better in MAP 110 Competencies
 Obtain Medicare reimbursement
 Define the four parts of Medicare Part A,B, C & D
 Identify coverage of Medicare A, B, C & D
 State deductible for Medicare Part B
 Explain coinsurance requirements for Medicare Part B
 Identify eligibility requirements for Medicare Part A & B
 Interpret the information on a Medicare Remittance Summary
 Adhere to the Requirements of Participating Physicians
 Follow Medicare guidelines for completing a CMS 1500 form manually and electronically
 State where to mail forms to the fiscal intermediary for Medicare Part B in Iowa
 Recognize circumstances that make Medicare the secondary payer
 Explain use of an advance beneficiary notice
 Explain concept of RBRVS & DRGS
 Obtain Medicaid (Title XIX) reimbursement
 List eligibility requirements for Medicaid recipients
 Transfer information foe eligibility care to CMS 1500 form manually and electronically
 Follow Medicaid guidelines for completing the CMS 1500 form
 Differentiate the Medipass program from the Medicaid program
 Identify fiscal intermediary for Medicaid
 Interpret the information on a Medicaid Explanation of Benefits Form
 Obtain other Third Party reimbursement
 Differentiate between managed care plans and indemnity plans
 Transfer information from identification cards to insurance form
 Follow guidelines for obtaining reimbursement
 Obtain precertification/referrals, and verify eligibility for managed care
 Define terms associated with managed care/insurance plans
 Explain billing options and payment options
 Explain Fair Debt Collection Act
 Explain requirements of Truth In Lending Act
 Utilize sensitivity when collecting accounts
 Explain Tricare/Chapva guidelines
 Explain Worker’s Compensation reimbursement
 Complete an insurance claim form
 Identify types of third party plans, information required to file a third party claim, the steps for filing a thirs party claim
 Accurately code diagnoses with appropriate ICD10 codes
 Apply knowledge of medical terminology
 Apply knowledge of anatomy and physiology
 Demonstrate knowledge on how to use the current ICD10CM diagnostic coding system
 Code procedures and medical services with the current edition Current Procedural Terminology (CPT) and HCPCS codes
 Apply knowledge of procedural terminology
 Apply knowledge of procedural terminology
 Utilize the terminolgy associated with CPT’s evaluation and management code guidelines
 Identify correct codes for services and procedures provided
 Use appropriate HCPCS codes
 Explain the effects of upcoding and downcoding
 Establish/maintain insurance files
 State purpose of professional liability insurance
 State types of catastrophic insurance coverage available
 Explain purpose of accounts receivable insurance coverage
 Explain utilization review principles
 Electronic Medical Records
 Differentiate between electronic medical records (EMR) and a practice management system
 Utilize an EMR
 Input patient data utilizing a practice management system
 Protect the integrity of the medical record
 Handle incoming telephone calls to the medical office
 Demonstrate professional telephone techniques
 Document telephone messages accurately
 Interact professionally with third party representatives
 Prepare and manage patient accounts
 Post financial data to patient’s accounts manually and electronically
 Prepare an age analysis of accounts receivable
 Collect delinquent accounts
 Follow up on accounts assigned to a collection agency
 Post entries to ledger card and computerized patient account system, and describe function of daysheet
 Run patient statements and monthly accounting reports
 Differentiate between accounting and bookkeeping
 Describe types of adjustments made to patient accounts including nonsufficient funds (NSF) check, collection agency transaction, credit balance, third party
 Identify types of information contained in patient’s billing record
 Explain patient financial obligations for services rendered
 Perform accounts receivable procedures to patient accounts including posting charges, payments, adjustments
 Obtain accurate patient billing information
 Inform patient of financial obligations for services rendered
 Interpret information on an insurance card
 Demonstrate professionalism when discussing patient’s billing record
 Display sensitivity when requesting payment for services rendered
 Appointment scheduling
 State three guidelines for scheduling appointments
 Interview patient to obtain appropriate data
 Differentiate routine appointments from emergency appointments
 Apply time management techniques of wave scheduling, modified wave and grouping procedures
 Document missed or failed appointments
 Schedule outpatient diagnostic tests
 Apply triage criteria
 Schedule appointments electronically and manually
 Identify different types of appointment scheduling methods
 Identify advantages and disadvantages of manual and electronic appointment systems
 Identify critical information required for scheduling patient procedures
 Manage appointment schedule using established priorities
 Schedule a patient procedure
 Display sensitivity when managing appointments
 Prepare a resume and cover letter
 Use a fax machine
 Facility and equipment management
 Describe methods of inventory management including storage of supplies
 Complete purchase order and compare to invoice
 Define warranty, service agreement, contract, instruction manual and maintenance agreement
 Identify measures to ensure facility safety and to monitor equipment repair, replacement, and maintenance including trouble shooting techniques
 State goals of a policy manual, safety manual and procedure manual
 Define chart audit and list examples of how this is utilized in the medical office
 Identify procedures for ADA compliance in the medical office
 Describe quality control/quality assurance resources for the medical office
 Explain general office policies
 List steps in completing an inventory
 Perform an inventory with documentation
 Utilize critical thinking skills
 Formulate questions to determine if important information is lacking
 Reject information that is not accurate, relevant, precise or clear
 Double check all facts
 Examine the situation and evaluate the problem without bias or judgement
 Assess the situation for reason and logic
 Determine and state the goal to be accomplished
 Follow steps for implementation/problem solving
 Evaluate outcomes
 Show sensitivity when communicating with patients regarding third party requirements



MAP 129  Medical Terminology Credits: 1 Lecture Hours: 0 Lab Hours: 2 Practicum Hours: 0 Work Experience: 0 Course Type: Voc/Tech Basic prefixes, suffixes and root words related to all body systems are studied. Spelling, pronunciation and definitions are included. Competencies
 Define the word parts that relate to anatomical structures in each body system
 Identify prefixes used in anatomical terminology related to each body system
 Recognize root words used in anatomical terminology related to each body system
 Identify prefixes used in anatomical terminology related to each body system
 Break medical terms into component parts and diagram each part
 Build diagnostic, surgical, and pathologic terms related to each body system
 Combine word parts to form diagnostic medical terms related to each body system
 Consolidate word parts to form surgical medical terms related to each body system
 Merge word parts to form medical terms related to pathological conditions for each body system
 Analyze diagnostic, surgical, and pathologic terms related to each body system.
 Interpret diagnostic terms related to each body system
 Analyze surgical terms related to each body system
 Evaluate medical terms related to pathological conditions for each body system
 Define diagnostic, surgical and pathologic terms related to each body system
 Define diagnostic terms related to each body system
 Define surgical terms related to each body system
 Define medical terms related to pathological conditions for each body system
 Pronounce diagnostic, surgical, and pathologic terms related to each body system
 Pronounce diagnostic terms related to each body system
 Pronounce surgical terms related to each body system
 Pronounce medical terms related to pathological conditions for each body system
 Spell diagnostic, surgical, and pathologic terms related to each body system
 Spell diagnostic terms related to each body system
 Spell surgical terms related to each body system
 Spell medical terms related to pathological conditions for each body system





MAP 150  Adv. Medical Billing/Coding Credits: 3 Lecture Hours: 2 Lab Hours: 2 Practicum Hours: 0 Work Experience: 0 Course Type: Voc/Tech This course provides students with advanced knowledge of accurately reporting diagnoses and procedure codes through the application of official coding guidelines. The student will apply prior learning of CPT, HCPCS, and ICD concepts to accurately code patient medical records and reports. Coding applications are considered by specialty and body system, utilizing medical terminology, anatomy and physiology, and pathologies. Complex cases will be presented within the course to provide the student with the opportunity to coordinate the classification systems needed to code visits to the applicable healthcare setting. Prerequisite: MAP 141 , HIT 233 and HIT 280 with a “C” or better Competencies
 Apply coding guidelines of ICD
 Identify the characteristics and conventions of ICD CM/PCS
 Understand how to code to the highest level of specificity and why this is important
 Select the primary diagnosis, condition, problem or reason for the medical service or procedure
 Assign the highest code level of specificity to describe the diagnosis, symptom, complaint, condition, or other reason for the patient encounter
 Apply coding guidelines of CPT and HCPCS
 Demonstrate knowledge of the proper use of the CPT manual
 Discuss the use of CPT guidelines format, symbols, index, and terminology
 Apply appropriate procedure code(s) to medical records
 Utilize modifiers appropriately
 Evaluate the accuracy of diagnostic and procedural coding
 Apply the principles of diagnostic grouping
 Apply the principles of procedural groupings
 Analyze current regulations and established guidelines in clinical classification systems
 Interpret severity of illness systems and present on admission codes
 Apply UHDDS guidelines
 Analyze the documentation in the health record to ensure it supports the diagnosis and reflects the patient’s progress, clinical findings, and discharge status
 Apply medical knowledge when reviewing patient medical records to validate medical necessity of services
 Identify discrepancies between supporting documentation and coded data
 Discuss clinical outcome measurement tools
 Develop appropriate physician queries to resolve data and coding discrepancies
 Review the AHIMA CDI toolbox
 Demonstrate professional communication skills
 Assess accuracy of computer assisted coding assignment and corrective action
 Demonstrate application of coding specialty systems
 Demonstrate use of automated encoder and grouper software
 Define common coding terminology
 Comply with ethical standards of practice
 Demonstrate an understanding of AHIMA’s Code of Ethics
 Explain professionalism as a medical coder
 Demonstrate integrity during the coding process
 Discuss compliance with state and federal regulations
Competencies Revised Date: 2019 


MAP 155  Medical Coding Certification Preparation Credits: 2 Lecture Hours: 2 Lab Hours: 0 Practicum Hours: 0 Work Experience: 0 Course Type: Voc/Tech This advanced course is designed to prepare an experienced medical coder to sit for a national certification. Students will assign CPT, ICD, and Level II (HCPC codes to a wide range of original source medical documents. Prerequisite: MAP 150 with C or better or Instructor Approval Competencies
 Incorporate Fundamental Coding Guidelines
 Evaluate coding as a career and identify the value of becoming certified
 Review ICDCM coding formats and guidelines
 Examine CPT coding formats and guidelines
 Identify the proper use of modifiers
 Recall and demonstrate knowledge of anatomy and medical terminology
 Demonstrate Correct Coding for Evaluation /Management (E/M), Anesthesia, and Surgery
 Assign correct codes to evaluation and management scenarios, anesthesia, and general surgery.
 Apply specific guidelines and understand the rationale of the various coding formats and guidelines
 Demonstrate Correct Coding for Surgical Procedures on Digestive, Urinary, Male and Female Reproductive Systems, Maternity Care, Nervous System, Eyes, Ears, Adnexa, and Endocrine Stystem
 Apply knowledge of anatomy and medical terminology throughout the overview of Urinary Male and Female Reproductive, Nervous, and Endocrine Systems
 Select the proper CPT and ICDCM codes for medical cases from the Urinary, Male and Female Reproductive, Nervous, and Endocrine Systems
 Apply knowledge of anatomy and medical terminology throughout the overview of Digestive, Ear, Eyes, and Adnexa Systems



MAP 160  HIPAA Exam Preparation Credits: 1 Lecture Hours: 1 Lab Hours: 0 Practicum Hours: 0 Work Experience: 0 Course Type: Voc/Tech This course is designed to prepare the student for the Certified HIPAA Profession (CHP) certification exam. CHP is an international certification addressing HIPAA requirements in the area of transaction, privacy, and security for all covered entities  providers (hospitals, laboratories, and pharmacies), clearinghouses, and payers. Competencies
 Understand HIPAA requirements
 Identify changes to policies, procedures and processes within the organization in handling of patient records.
 Examine HIPAA Implementation
 Determine effect on how healthcare entities organize and staff to achieve and monitor compliance with patient privacy/confidentiality needs.
 Qualifications and Position Strategies
 Identify the role of the Chief Privacy Officer and Chief Security Offices.
 Step through how to plan and prepare for HIPAA compliance
 Recognize the pivotal areas of awareness, assessment, and action focused on gaps identified.



MAP 225  Med Lab Procedures I Credits: 4 Lecture Hours: 3 Lab Hours: 2 Practicum Hours: 0 Work Experience: 0 Course Type: Voc/Tech Introduction to the medical laboratory. Students will use critical thinking skills to incorporate cognitive knowledge in the performance of psychomotor and affective domains during practice of giving patient instructions, obtaining specimens, following ethical guidelines, performing routine urinalysis, immunology testing, microbiologic testing and quality control procedures. Adhering to standard precautions, disposing of biohazardous materials, performing routine maintenance of clinical equipment (microscope and centrifuge) and using methods of quality control are also covered. Includes study of OSHA, CLIA, MSDS sheets, warning labels, the metric system and laboratory personnel. Corequisite: MAP 347 Competencies
 State ethical and legal guidelines as they relate to patient care
 Demonstrate sensitivity to patient rights
 Protect the integrity of the medical record
 Describe criteria for releasing laboratory test results
 Adhere to the ethical guidelines of the medical laboratory
 Comply with OSHA regulations related to the medical laboratory
 Identify safety techniques that can be used in responding to accidental exposure to: blood, other body fluids, needle sticks, chemicals
 Comply with safety signs, symbols and labels
 Demonstrate proper use of sharps disposal containers
 Define the principles of standard precautions
 Define personal protective equipment (PPE) for: all body fluids, secretions and excretions; blood; nonintact skin; mucous membranes
 Participate in bloodborne pathogen training
 Select appropriate barrier/personal protective equipment (PPE)
 Perform handwashing
 Demonstrate proper disposal of biohazardous material: sharps; regulated wastes
 Comply with CLIA regulations
 Identify CLIA waived tests associated with common diseases
 List three levels of C:IA testing
 Define POL
 Quality Assurance Practices
 Describe 4 requirements for patient specimen testing
 Identify quality assurance practices in healthcare
 Perform quality control measures
 Perform quality control tests on chemical strips
 Complete quality control charts
 Label specimens properly
 Reassure a patient of the accuracy of the test results
 Report relevant information concisely and accurately
 Identify laboratory personnel by levels of responsibility
 Recognize the duties and responsibilities of the pathologist
 Describe the duties and responsibilities of the medical technologist/clinical laboratory scientist
 Recognize the duties and responsibilities of the Medical Laboratory Technician (MLT).
 Examine specimens using the binocular microscope
 Identify the components of a compound microscope
 Name the objective lenses
 Use the adjustment control knobs to focus specimen
 Demonstrate 3 ways to adjust the light intensity
 Calculate total magnification
 Adjust for optical distance and optical difference
 Clean the microscope and perform routine maintenance
 Define parfocal, optical distance, and optical difference
 Microbiology
 Obtain specimen and perform CLIA waived microbiology test
 Identify bacterial morphology of cocci, bacilli and spirilla
 Dispose of biohazardous waste in accordance with OSHA guidelines
 Identify between a simple stain and a differential stain
 Gram stain a bacterial slide
 Define aerobe, anaerobe, and facultative anaerobe
 List 5 factors that influence the growth of bacteria
 Define normal flora
 Identify beta hemolysis from alpha hemolysis on a blood agar plate
 Explain causative organisms of common infectious diseases
 State morphological characteristics of fungi, protozoa and viruses
 Identify two diseases caused by bacteria, fungi, protozoa and viruses
 Obtain a throat swab
 Procure material for obtaining specimen
 Identify appropriate area for specimen collection
 Obtain specimen without contaminating swab
 Obtain specimen and perform CLIA waived immunology test
 Perform rapid Strep A test
 Execute test according to test kit instructions
 Record results on patient chart
 Document in CLIA log
 Obtain specimen and perform CLIA waived urinalysis
 State normal colors of urine
 Identify possible causes of abnormal colors
 Perform chemical analysis of urine by reagent strip and reagent tablet methods
 Define components tested
 State expected normal findings for blood, glucose,protein, bilirubin,urobilinogen, nitrites, leukocytes, ketones, pH and specific gravity
 Describe changes that occur in chemical constituents if specimen is left at room temperature
 Differentiate between normal and abnormal test results
 Perform urine pregnancy test
 Define human chorionic gonadotropin (HCG)
 List three conditions other than pregnancy that will cause an elevated HCG level
 Obtain the type of urine specimen that is best for testing for HCG concentration
 Identify 3 technical errors that could affect test results
 Interpret test results accurately
 Record test results properly
 Correlate chemical findings with microscopic findings
 Relate abnormal chemical urinalysis results to renal physiology, extrarenal disorders, and urinary tract infections
 Explain the difference between specific and nonspecific tests for urine sugar
 State morphological characteristics of fungi, protozoa, viruses and rickettsia
 List 2 diseases caused by bacteria, fungi, protozoa, viruses, and rickettsia
 Perform microscopic analysis of normal and pathological urine
 Prepare specimen for microscopic analysis
 Identify red blood cells, white blood cells, bacteria,casts, crystals and parasites by microscopic analysis
 List 6 (six) changes that take place in microscopic elements if urine specimen is not preserved
 Perform rapid Strep A test
 Execute test according to test kit instructions
 Record results on patient chart
 Relate abnormal microscopic findings to renal physiology, extrarenal disorders and urinary tract infections.
 Use laboratory equipment
 Balance centrifuge
 Monitor incubator temperature
 Choose appropriate equipment for procedures being performed
 Applied mathematics
 Use appropriate metric units for weight, volume and distance measurements
 State the value of metric prefixes: milli, centi, deci, kilo, nano and micro
 Utilize critical thinking skills
 Formulate questions to determine if important information is lacking
 Reject information that is not accurate, relevant, precise or clear
 Double check all facts
 Examine the situation and evaluate the problem without bias or judgement
 Assess the situation for reason and logic
 Determine and state the goal to be accomplished
 Follow steps for implementation/problem solving
 Evaluate outcomes



MAP 228  Med Lab Procedures II Credits: 3 Lecture Hours: 2 Lab Hours: 2 Practicum Hours: 0 Work Experience: 0 Course Type: Voc/Tech Students will use critical thinking skills to incorporate cognitive knowledge in the performance of psychomotor and affective domains during skill development in venipuncture, capillary puncture, hematology testing, blood chemistry analysis, EKG acquisition, patient education activities, compliance with OSHA, CLIA and quality control requirements including use and routine maintenance of standard laboratory equipment. Prerequisite: Grade of “C” or better in MAP 225 . Corequisite: MAP 348 Competencies
 Comply with OSHA regulations and protective practices
 List safety items that should be available in the medical laboratory
 Follow Standard Precaution guidelines when handling laboratory specimens
 Explain terms relating to OSHA guidelines
 Select appropriate barrier/personal protective equipment
 Perform handwashing
 Demonstrate proper disposal of biohazardous material: sharps and regulated wastes
 Recognize the implications for failure to comply with CDC regulations in healthcare settings
 Comply with: safety signs, symbols and labels
 CLIA and Quality Assurance
 Identify CLIA waived tests
 Obtain specimens and perform: CLIA waived hematology test; CLIA waived chemistry test; CLIA waived immunology test
 Identify quality assurance practices in healthcare
 Perform a quality control measure
 Follow CLIA regulations for performing controls run on automated laboratory equipment
 Determine acceptable ranges for control specimens
 Analyze control specimens
 Record control results on quality control logs
 Graph control results on quality control graphs
 Interpret results for accuracy, precision, and reliability
 Blood collection: perform venipuncture
 Follow identified safety precautions when drawing blood
 Select appropriate needle gauge for venipuncture
 Select appropriate vacutainer tube for tests ordered
 Select appropriate site for venipuncture
 Obtain blood using proper technique
 Label specimen properly
 Dispose of used equipment according to OSHA regulations
 Document procedure
 Take appropriate measures if patient becomes faint during procedure
 Obtain specimen using a butterfly needle
 Obtain specimens for testing on whole blood, serum and plasma
 Blood collection: perform capillary puncture
 Follow safety precautions when performing a capillary puncture
 Select appropriate site for capillary puncture on an adult
 Obtain specimen using a lancet
 Properly fill required collection device for test ordered
 Perform microhematocrit testing
 Use appropriate terminology related to hematocrit testing
 State pathological conditions that will increase the hematocrit
 State pathological conditions that will decrease the hematocrit
 Follow guidelines to prevent technical errors that could affect hematocrit
 Fill microhematocrit properly
 Read hematocrit using the readocrit scale
 Chart hematocrit results
 State normal range for hematocrit values
 Perform automated white blood cell (WBC)counts
 Record the WBC count properly
 State normal range for WBC counts in adults
 Use appropriate terms related to WBC testing
 State 3 conditions that could cause an increase in the total WBC count
 State 3 conditions that could cause a decrease in the total WBC count
 Perform a white blood cell differential count on a normal blood smear
 Identify the five types of white blood cells
 Recognize the morphological characteristics of neutrophils (segmented and bands), basophils, eosinophils, monocytes and lymphocytes
 State the normal percentages for each of the 5 types of white blood cells
 Count 100 normal white blood cells on a blood cell differential slide
 Apply terms related to red blood cell morphology
 Identify normal red blood cell morphology
 Apply terms that relate to differential blood smears
 State pathological conditions that could affect the differential count
 Perform an automated hemoglobin test
 Perform daily startup procedures for analyzer
 Run controls
 Apply terms related to hemoglobin determinations
 Perform tests following manufacturer’s instructions
 Explain three basic causes of anemia
 State two primary functions of hemoglobin
 Identify normal hemoglobin values for adult male and female
 Calibrate hemopoint hemoglobinometer
 Perform Blood Chemistry Analyses
 Determine if specimen is acceptable for blood chemistry testing
 Apply terms related to blood chemistry testing
 Recognize normal values for fasting blood sugars, cholesterol and triglycerides
 Explain significance of testing for glycosolated hemoglobin (Hb AIC).
 List the 4 primary electrolytes
 Explain the difference between direct and indirect bilirubin
 Explain the significance of testing for low density lipoproteins (LDL) and high density lipoproteins (HDL)
 Explain the purpose of tests for blood urea nitrogen and creatinine
 Explain the significance of elevated results in blood chemistries for Aspartate Transaminase (AST), Alanine Aminotransferase (ALT) and Troponin levels
 Perform blood chemistry tests
 Chart results of blood chemistry tests in proper format
 Perform immunology tests for infectious mononucleosis
 Obtain appropriate specimen for testing
 Perform tests according to manufacturer’s instructions
 Identify sources of technical errors when performing tests for infectious mononucleosis
 Define heterophile antibody
 Recognize symptoms of infectious mononucleosis
 Run positive and negative controls
 State changes that would be seen on a differential count on a patient with infectious mononucleosis
 Interpret and record results properly
 State the causative organism of infectious mononucleosis
 Perform electrocardiography
 Apply terms associated with electrocardiography
 Recognize the P,Q,R,S and T waves on the ECG
 Standardize the electrocardiograph
 Identify the standard rate that the ECG paper moves through the machine
 Place sensors on limbs and chest in proper positions
 Differentiate somatic interference from AC interference
 Correct problems caused by AC interference and somatic tremor
 Instruct the patient on steps involved in preparation for taking the ECG
 Record appropriate patient information on the ECG
 Perform Erythrocyte Sedimentation Rate (ESR).
 Apply terminology associated with ESR testing
 Recognize normal values for ESR for males and females
 Explain the significance of the finding of an increased level of ESR
 Take precautions to ensure the ESR results are accurate
 Set up an ESR tube accurately
 Obtain reading from ESR tube
 Record the ESR results
 Perform coagulation tests
 Define Prothrombin
 State the purpose of Prothrombin
 Define warfarin
 State 2 conditions that require coumadin therapy
 Define INR
 State the therapeutic range for INR
 State the procedure for using capillary puncture specimens in INR testing
 Perform Hemoccult testing
 Define Hemoccult blood
 Define guaiac test
 State causes for blood in a stool specimen
 Describe the appearance of stool specimens that contain blood from the upper GI vs. lower GI system
 Instruct patient on dietary restrictions to be followed prior to collecting specimen for Hemoccult blood testing
 Instruct patient on proper collection of stool sample for Hemoccult testing
 Accurately develop and read the Hemoccult test
 Document results in patient chart and CLIA log
 Utilize critical thinking skills
 Formulate questions to determine if important information is lacking
 Reject information that is not accurate, relevant, precise or clear
 Double check all facts
 Examine the situation and evaluate the problem without bias or judgement
 Assess the situation for reason and logic
 Determine the goal to be accomplished
 Follow steps for implementation/problem solving
 Evaluate outcomes
 Incorporate critical thinking skills when performing patient assessment
 Incorporate critical thinking skills when performing patient care
 Demonstrate knowledge of basic math computations
 Perform patient screening using established protocols
 Differentiate between normal and abnormal test results
 Document patient care accurately in the medical record
 Communication and Diversity
 Report relevant information concisely and accurately
 Show awareness of a patient’s concerns related to the procedure being performed
 Reassure a patient of the accuracy of the test results
 Instruct and prepare a patient for a procedure or a treatment
 Demonstrate: empathy; active listening and nonverbal communication
 Demonstrate the principles of selfboundaries
 Demonstrate respect for individual diversity, including: gender, race, religion, age, economic status and appearance
 Explain to a patient the rationale for performance of a procedure
 Demonstrate sensitivity to patient rights
 Protect the integrity of the medical record
 Apply HIPAA rules in regard to: privacy and release of information



MAP 255  Diagnostic Radiography I Credits: 3 Lecture Hours: 1 Lab Hours: 4 Practicum Hours: 0 Work Experience: 0 Course Type: Voc/Tech This course builds the foundation of knowledge and skills necessary to qualify as a candidate for the Iowa state permit examination in Limited Radiography. Students will be introduced to and form a reasonable understanding of the scientific basis of radiography. Students will journey to a full understanding of xray production, exposure factors, photographic and geometric factors of image formation, digital radiography as well as radiation biology and safety. As students work through principles of radiography they will be encouraged to build critical thinking skills that will require psychomotor as well as affective domains to assess patients, evaluate images, resolve processing issues and utilize concepts of radiation safety in the areas of occupational practice as well as patient care. Prerequisite: MAP 544 with a C or better Competencies
 Define the role and scope of the Limited Radiographer as defined in the State of Iowa Administrative Code
 Identify the Scope of Practice for Limited Radiography as defined by the State of Iowa.
 Cite the legal requirements for obtaining a Permit to Practice Limited Radiography in the State of Iowa.
 Identify providers/practitioners who are licensed to order radiographic examinations.
 Identify who is responsible for image interpretation.
 Demonstrate knowledge of rules of confidentiality as well as the role that HIPAA plays in custody of images.
 Examine basic principles of electricity and electromagnetic energy, students will develop knowledge and understanding of xray production
 Identify components of xray production; source of electrons; acceleration of electrons; focusing of electrons; deceleration of electrons.
 Identify interactions that produce xrays: bremsstrahlung, characteristic.
 Identify properties of the xray beam: frequency and wavelength; beam characteristics; inverse square law; fundamental properties.
 Describe photon interactions with matter: Compton effect; photoelectric absorption, coherent scatter; attenuation by various tissues.
 Describe the relationships of wavelength and frequency, including the relationship to beam characteristics.
 Devlop skills that pertain to the performance of radiographic examinations included in the Scope of Practice
 Identify the location of anatomical structures using direction and orientation terms.
 Indicate where various planes lie in relation to the body.
 Demonstrate the use of topographical landmarks to locate internal structures.
 Identify and locate the bones of the upper extremity (head of the humerus to the distal tip of the digits)
 Identify and locate the bones of the lower extremity (head of the femur to the dital tip of the pedal digits)
 Identify and locate the bones, organs and structures found in the chest cavity.
 Identify and compare classifications of body habitus.
 Demonstrate standard positioning and procedure terminology.
 Demonstrate body and radiographic positions.
 Demonstrate proper use of anatomic relationships and locations.
 Apply the proper use of body planes when positioning patients for radiographic examinations.
 Demonstrate proper use of positioning aids.
 Assess skills that pertain to the performance of radiographic examinations included in the Scope of Practice
 Identify the structures demonstrated on routine radiographic images.
 Simulate radiographic procedures on a person, phantom, or simulator application.
 List and explain the routine and special projections for radiographic examinations included in the Scope of Practice.
 Demonstrate the ability to fully explain radiographic procedures to patients and family.
 Demonstrate the ability to modify directions when patients present with communication challenges.
 Apply general radiation safety and protection practices associated with radiographic examinations.
 Define basic terms related to pathology that are used to classify and identify diseases.
 Discuss general procedural considerations for radiographic examinations and demonstrate the ability to adapt these considerations to specific clinical settings



MAP 256  Diagnostic Radiography II Credits: 1 Lecture Hours: 0 Lab Hours: 2 Practicum Hours: 0 Work Experience: 0 Course Type: Voc/Tech Continuation of Diagnostic Radiography I. Course emphasizes the use of critical thinking skills to incorporate cognitive knowledge in the performance of radiographic studies. These studies are conducted under the direct supervision of a prescriber, as defined by the State of Iowa. Diagnostic Radiography II will familiarize the student with the principles of pediatric and geriatric radiography. Diagnostic Radiography II will discuss common workplace issues including, but not confined to ethics, social media, cultural challenges and critical thinking skills. This course does NOT contain the content or hours necessary for a student to apply for the additional permit categories of shoulder and/or pediatrics (younger than 36 months). Each of these special categories has specific didactic and practical requirements. During the practicum segment of this course, students will have an opportunity to perform actual patient imaging studies. These studies will be reviewed and evaluated by a designated onsite clinical instructor. Upon successful completion of Diagnostic Radiography I and II, with a minimum grade of 80%, student will be eligible to submit application to the State of Iowa to sit for the Limited Scope Permit Test. A passing grade on this multiple module test clears the way for student to apply for a Limited Scope Permit to Practice through the Iowa Department of Public Health. Prerequisite: MAP 255 Competencies
 Utilizing various methods (roleplaying, simulation) demonstrate proficiency in pediatric imaging as defined by the Iowa Scope of Practice.
 Explain the special considerations necessary when performing radiographic procedures on an infant or child.
 Demonstrate the ability to communicate with children of any age within the defined scope of practice (36 months and older).
 Exhibit proper immobilization methods for children within the age defined by scope of practice.
 Compare the characteristics of the developing skeletal system with that of the mature skeleton.
 Ability to adapt radiographic exposure factors to a pediatric patient and identify radiographic examinations that may vary from standard methods used for adult patients.
 Have knowledge of and be alert to signs that may suggest pediatric injuries are of a nonaccidental nature.
 Be aware of certain pathological conditions that may impact formulation of pediatric radiographic exposure factors.
 Utilizing various methods (roleplaying, simulation) demonstrate skills necessary to adapt standard imaging studies to the geriatric patient.
 List considerations that improve communication and compliance when dealing with elderly patients
 Adapt standard instructions to the particular needs of the geriatric patient.
 Demonstrate concern for the comfort of the geriatric patient.
 Describe changes to the skeleton and soft tissue as a result of the aging process.
 Adjust radiographic exposures appropriately in the case of age related pathology in the geriatric patient.
 Demonstrate understanding and proficiency in formulating Xray techniques, interpreting technique charts as well as manipulating exposure factors as necessary in special circumstances.
 Demonstrate appropriate steps to correct failure of technique chart to provide an appropriate exposure.
 Calculate changes to exposure factors as they relate to patient part size.
 Calculate the technique change necessary when an image is either too dark or too light.
 Demonstrate knowledge of technique changes necessary to adjust scale of contrast.
 Ability to compute change in exposure factors relating to variation in source image distance.
 Using principles learned to date, student will demonstrate the ability to apply said principles to image evaluation.
 Demonstrate the ability to systematically review an image for diagnostic, technical and esthetic quality.
 Recognize artifacts and technical errors, state the cause as well as the correction.
 Knowledge of criteria used to determine the necessity of a repeat exposure.
 Describe the processing and post processing of a digital image.
 Students will demonstrate understanding of ethics, legal considerations and professionalism as they relate to healthcare and specifically to their role as a Limited Radiologic Technologist.
 Apply ethical concepts to situations that arise in health care.
 Explain the importance of patient confidentiality and the methods used to maintain confidentiality.
 Demonstrate communication strategies that promote teamwork.
 Demonstrate knowledge of patients’ rights.
 Knowledge of specific acts of misconduct and malpractice that can typically occur within the scope of practice of the Limited Radiologic Technologist.
 Awareness of the impact of social media on professional conduct.



MAP 347  Medical Office Procedures I Credits: 3 Lecture Hours: 2 Lab Hours: 2 Practicum Hours: 0 Work Experience: 0 Course Type: Voc/Tech This course is an introduction to medical office clinical skills. Students will use critical thinking skills to incorporate cognitive knowledge in the performance of psychomotor and affective domains during practice of: patient communication, obtaining vitals, measurements, vision and hearing screening exams, pulmonary function testing, patient preparation, assisting physician, patient histories, medical record documentation, medical and surgical asepsis, sterilization techniques and minor surgical procedures. Patient education will include wellness, stress reduction, preventative medicine and treatment compliance with adaptations according to patient needs. Students will define and incorporate role as patient coach, navigator and application of meaningful use. Critical thinking skills incorporated with patient assessment and patient care. This course includes medical terminology and abbreviations, compliance: OSHA, HIPAA, CDC, ADA. Corequisite: MAP 225 Competencies
 Assess a patient’s vital signs
 Explain the physiology pertaining to temperature, pulse, respiration, blood pressure and pulse oximetry
 State adult and pediatric normal ranges for each vital sign
 List variables affecting each of the vital signs
 Describe characteristics for each vital sign
 Locate arteries on the body where pulse rate can be obtained
 Explain factors that determine arterial blood pressure
 Identify organs affected by hypertension
 Perform proper technique for measurement of each vital sign
 Describe methods for care of equipment used in measuring vital signs
 Obtain and record temperature, pulse, respiration, blood pressure and pulse oximetry
 Recognize and report age specific normal and abnormal vital signs
 Use appropriate mensuration techniques
 Weigh a patient on a balance scale and a digital scale, adult and pediatric
 Measure circumference of the chest on inspiration and exhalation
 Measure the circumference of the head and chest of an infant
 Measure patient height and infant length
 Correctly document measurements on patient chart and growth chart
 Define and perform BMI
 Compute and analyze BMI from patient measurements
 Prepare and analyze growth charts
 Complete a patient history for patient intake
 Differentiate between subjective and objective information
 State three reasons for obtaining a medical history
 Define the six components of a patient history
 Relate the importance of maintaining an ongoing record of physical problems for each patient
 Correlate the importance of correct documentation and confidentiality of the patient medical record
 Prepare patient chief complaint, history of present illness, past history, family history, and social and occupational history
 Perform a review of the body systems
 Adapt communications to patient ability to understand
 Use effective and correct verbal and written communications
 Recognize and respond to verbal and nonverbal communications
 Use medical terminology correctly and pronounced accurately to communicate information to providers and patients
 Coach patients appropriately considering: cultural diversity,developmental life stage and communication barriers
 Report relevant information to others concisely and accurately
 Use feedback techniques to obtain patient information including: reflection; restatement and clarification
 Demonstrate use of components of documentation: factual, timely, legible, dated, signed
 Prepare a medical record
 List components included in the source oriented medical record (SOMR)
 Identify the components of the Problem Oriented Medical Record (POMR).
 State three advantages of the Problem Oriented Medical Record
 Compare and contrast the differences between the Problem Oriented Medical Record and the traditional medical record
 Demonstrate how to change an entry in the medical record
 Differentiate purpose and advantages of advanced directives; living will, power of attorney and treatment preferences
 Describe where patients obtain necessary forms for advance directives. State who needs to witness these forms, and where should they be stored
 Discuss the stages of grief, death and dying
 Document accurately in patient record
 Document patient care, patient response and patient education
 Incorporate HIPAA, NPP, meaningful use, consent and Patient Self Determination Act in patient record.
 Prepare a patient for a physical examination
 List the purposes for the general physical examination
 Classify six categories of diagnoses used by the physician
 Describe six major methods of examination used by the physician
 Describe the role of diagnostic testing as a component of the physical examination process
 Summarize the purposes for positioning, gowning, and draping a patient for a physical exam
 Identify procedures associated with specialty exams
 Assist with a physical examination
 Determine the equipment used in the physical examination
 Demonstrate positions used during a physical examination
 Describe the sequence of a comprehensive physical examination
 Discuss the role of the Medical Assistant when assisting with the physical examination
 Demonstrate care of equipment used during the physical examination
 Discuss and give examples of guidelines to use in preparing and providing patient education in areas of treatment, preventative care, health and wellness
 Demonstrate effective patient teaching skills
 Identify community resources for health care information and patient referrals
 Explain the rationale for performance of a procedure to the patient
 Show awareness of patient concerns regarding their perceptions related to the clinical procedure being performed
 Analyze healthcare results reported in a.) graphs and b.) tables
 Instruct and prepare a patient for a procedure or treatment
 Explain methods of infection control
 Identify five classifications of microorganisms capable of causing disease
 List six factors essential for the development of an infectious process
 Compare direct/indirect modes of transmission of an infectious disease
 Describe the body’s natural defense mechanisms to control or prevent infection
 Define the following as practiced within an ambulatory care setting: medical asepsis; surgical asepsis
 Describe procedures used to accomplish medical/surgical asepsis
 Differentiate between sanitization, disinfection, and sterilization
 Discuss the procedures employed when working with contaminated equipment and supplies
 Explain the role of hand washing in the prevention of the spread of infectious disease. Distinguish hand hygiene with handwashing and alcohol based hand rub
 Identify methods of controlling the growth of micro organisms
 Demonstrate the proper procedures for hand washing using soap and water and alcohol based hand rub
 Prepare items for sterilization
 Describe five methods of sterilization
 Explain the importance of sanitization prior to sterilization
 Explain why instruments and supplies are sterilized before use in a specific procedure
 Describe materials appropriate for wrapping materials for sterilization in the autoclave
 Demonstrate packaging procedures for instruments and supplies prior to sterilization
 Perform sterilization procedures
 Describe the process of sterilization using the autoclave
 Describe the structure of the autoclave
 List the components of the sterilization cycle to assure items are sterile
 Demonstrate proper use of sterilization indicators
 Demonstrate proper technique for loading the autoclave, completing a cycle, unloading/storing sterile materials
 Describe process of using chemical sterilant
 Transfer sterile items from chemical sterilant to sterile field
 Explain the importance of quality control measures to be used with sterilization of instruments and supplies
 Perform autoclave QC testing with biological indicators and proper documentation of results
 Assist with surgical procedures
 Identify and state purpose of the following instruments and equipment used in a surgical procedure: forceps; hemostats; needle holder; suture scissors; tissue scissors; probe; retractor; towel clamp; scalpel and suture
 Describe the use of cryotherapy, electrosurgery, laser surgery and cautery in the clinical office
 List preoperative and postoperative issues to be addressed with the patient and care giver to include the use of consent forms and patient education procedures
 Obtain informed consent forms
 Set up a surgical tray using correct aseptic techniques for various sterile procedures preformed in an office
 Differentiate between medical and surgical asepsis used in ambulatory care settings, identifying when each is appropriate
 Demonstrate a medical aseptic hand washing and the surgical scrub
 Demonstrate the use of sterile transfer forceps to maintain a sterile field
 Demonstrate the process for setting up a tray using a prepackaged set of surgical instruments, and by using the transfer forceps and multiple use containers
 Demonstrate the technique for opening sterile packages
 Demonstrate the technique for pouring sterile solutions
 List the instruments and supplies needed for various surgical procedures performed in the office
 Explain the purpose of correct placement of instruments on the surgical tray
 Assist the physician with surgical or other sterile procedures
 Demonstrate the techniques and principles of hand washing, sterile gloving, and handling sterile supplies
 Describe the Medical Assistant role in assisting with a surgical procedure
 Demonstrate donning and removing sterile gloves
 Demonstrate the position of instruments in handing to the physician
 Demonstrate the ability to use proper techniques in a simulated surgical procedure
 Describe various types of anesthesia used in the medical office
 Instruct patients on physical therapy
 Describe the use of moist and dry applications of heat and cold
 List the effects that occur from local application of heat and cold
 List contraindications for application of heat or cold
 Describe the general use of ultrasound
 Describe the general use of diathermy
 List the guidelines for safe crutch use
 Identify conditions that would warrant use of a cane and/or walker
 Explain to patients how to care for and use special equipment
 Provide written and verbal instructions for patient education
 Demonstrate proper use of assisting patient with wheel chair, walker, single cane,quad cane, crutches and gait belt
 Assist with specialty exams and procedures
 Identify materials and equipment needed for female pelvic exam and Pap smear,both traditional and liquid pap, and wet mount
 Explain purpose and procedure to assist with a sigmoidoscopy
 Demonstrate how to instill ear and eye drops
 Demonstrate how to irrigate the eye and ear
 Set up and perform pulmonary function testing,spirometry and peak flow rate
 Explain purpose and procedure for urinary catheterization in male,female and pediatric patients for urine collection
 Demonstrate proper use of emergency oxygen equipment
 State the purpose and procedure for special testing and screening as in PKU, lead poisoning,occult blood, PSA and FAS
 Perform and document calibration of PFT
 Assist patients with special needs
 Describe ways to help children cope with the fear of medical procedures
 Discuss appropriate ways of interaction and dealing with patients with special needs
 Discuss appropriate ways of interaction and dealing with elderly patients, patients with physical, mental and emotional disabilities
 Instruct patient according to their needs to promote health maintenance and disease prevention
 Describe methods of coordinating care and optimizing rehabilitation for patient with chronic disease or condition
 Discuss how the medical assistant can serve as a patient advocate for the patient with chronic pain, chronic and terminal illness
 Identify tools to enhance patient education
 Discuss techniques in patient education that will encourage patient compliance
 Name symptoms and conditions associated with alcohol and drug abuse
 Identify alcohol and drug abuse treatment and prevention methods
 Discuss the impact of stress on health and wellness
 Identify mechanisms for coping with stress and stress reduction
 Develop patient education material
 Discuss techniques in patient education that will encourage patient compliance
 Identify examples of patient education to include treatment, prevention,compliance and health and wellness
 Instruct patients according to their needs and abilities
 Identify techniques for overcoming communication barriers
 Define coaching a patient as it relates to health maintenance; disease prevention, compliance with treatment plan, community resources and adaptations relevant to individual patient needs
 Utilize critical thinking skills
 Formulate questions to determine if important information is lacking
 Reject information that is not accurate, relevant, precise or clear
 Double check all facts
 Examine the situation and evaluate the problem without bias or judgment
 Assess the situation for reason and logic
 Determine and state the goal to be accomplished
 Follow steps for implementation/problem solving
 Evaluate outcomes
 Incorporate critical thinking skills when performing patient assessment
 Incorporate critical thinking skills when performing patient care



MAP 348  Medical Office Procedures II Credits: 3 Lecture Hours: 2 Lab Hours: 2 Practicum Hours: 0 Work Experience: 0 Course Type: Voc/Tech Students will use critical thinking skills to incorporate cognitive knowledge in the performance of psychomotor and affective domains during practice of giving patient education with adaptations according to patient needs. Students will define and incorporate role as patient coach, navigator, scribe, and application of meaningful use. Critical thinking skills incorporated with patient assessment and patient care including wellness, disease prevention, preparing and maintaining treatment areas, assisting with minor surgical procedures, wound care,scheduling procedures using insurance referral information,administering oral and parenteral (excluding IV) medications and vaccines, vaccine storage and handling, immunization schedules and TB skin testing. Course includes medical terminology and abbreviations. Procedures for emergency preparedness xx applied to clinical setting. Compliance: OSHA, HIPAA, CDC. Prerequisite: Grade “C” or better in MAP 347 Corequisite: MAP 228 Competencies
 Prepare the patient physically and psychologically for a minor surgery procedure
 Explain the purpose of surgical procedures performed in the office
 Describe surgical procedures in terms the patient can understand
 Describe informed consent and the Medical Assistant’s role in obtaining this consent
 Prepare sterile field
 Demonstrate the process for a surgical skin prep and draping
 Perform a simulated surgical prep and draping
 Instruct patient regarding postoperative care
 Explain the uses of various bandages and dressings used in an office
 Differentiate between bandages and dressings
 List the purposes for using dressings
 List the purposes for using bandages
 Describe roller bandages, elastic bandages, triangular bandages, tube gauze, and various types of adhesive tape
 Demonstrate proper application techniques of bandages and dressings
 Describe the use of medical or surgical asepsis in application of bandages and dressings
 Select the type of bandages and dressings appropriate for use in various types of wounds or injuries
 Demonstrate the following bandaging techniques: circular turn, spiral turn, spiral reverse, figure eight, and recurrent turn
 Demonstrate the application of tube gauze
 Distinguish between a sterile and clean dressing change
 Describe proper technique for disposing of contaminated dressings and bandages
 Prepare the instructions to the patient for home care following application of bandages
 Describe types of wounds and the healing process
 Explain the difference between an open and a closed wound
 List and describe four types of open wounds
 Describe a type of closed wound and give example
 Describe three classifications of healing
 List factors that affect the healing process
 Differentiate the three stages of healing
 Characterize factors that affect the type and rate of healing
 Perform wound care
 Obtain wound culture, complete lab request form, lab log, and chart followup of lab results
 Demonstrate an understanding of principles of pharmacology and drug therapy appropriate for a Medical Assistant
 Explain the difference between administering, prescribing, and dispensing drugs
 Describe the legal standards for drug administration
 Describe the classification of controlled substances according to schedules 15
 List eight routes for administration of medication
 Identify classifications of medications including desired effects, side effects and adverse reactions
 Identify factors that affect the action of drugs in the body
 Define terms related to drug side effects
 Define and give examples of nonprescription, prescription, and controlled drugs
 Utilize the major pharmacological reference books for drug information
 Identify generic and trade names of drugs in specified classifications
 Explain the procedures for proper storage, dispensing, and disposal of drugs
 Prepare prescriptions as directed by the physician
 List the seven parts of a completed prescription
 Use appropriate abbreviations and symbols in preparing a prescription
 Translate drug orders to be able to clarify the order to patients
 Record all new and renewed prescriptions on the patient’s chart
 Identify basic units of measurement in metric, apothecary and household systems
 Perform metric conversion
 Prepare and administer drugs via various routes of administration
 List the routes by which medications may be administered
 Name the “six rights” for preparing and administering medication
 State the advantages and disadvantages of using the parenteral route of administration
 Demonstrate the procedure for administration of an oral medication
 Reconstitute a powdered drug for parenteral administration
 Describe the various types of needles and syringes used in administering parenteral medication
 Demonstrate withdrawing medication from a vial and an ampule using aseptic technique
 Explain which tissue layers are used for an intradermal, a subcutaneous, and an intramuscular injection, correct documentation
 Identify appropriate sites for subcutaneous injection
 Administer a subcutaneous injection and record the procedure
 Identify appropriate sites for an intramuscular injection
 Administration of an intramuscular injection, documentation of procedure
 Demonstrate the Ztrack technique to administer medication
 Administer an intradermal injection
 Complete immunization records to include patient chart, injection log and patient record, and IDPH Immunization Record
 Obtain patient consent forms.
 Give patient appropriate vaccine information sheet
 Perform dosage calculations and convert among measurement systems
 Identify both abbreviations and symbols used in calculating medication dosages
 Verify ordered dosage, strength, and route prior to administration of medication
 Administer intradermal injection
 Demonstrate how to interpret PPD results and document accurately
 Develop patient education material
 Coach patients regarding; office policies,health maintenance, disease prevention and treatment plan.
 Coach patients appropriately considering; cultural diversity, developmental life stage and communication barriers
 Show awareness of patient’s concerns regarding dietary change
 Management Clinical Office
 State goals of office policy manual
 State goals of procedure manual
 Prepare a patient chart for audit
 Complete forms for managed care and prior certification
 Schedule inpatient and out patient testing using reference material in classroom/lab
 Document followup patient test results
 Use computerized charting to prepare a chart note, referral, letter, prescriptions, and patient instruction sheet
 Identify the role of the Center for Disease Control (CDC) and JCAHCO regulations in healthcare settings
 Describe the importance of coordination through cooperation of health care professionals and proper documentation for patient care, referrals, outpatient and inpatient care
 Maintain safety in the medical office
 List precaution to be observed in storing supplies, equipment, and meds for a medical office
 Evaluate the work environment identify safe vs. unsafe working conditions
 List items on a crash cart, state where crash cart is stored, and when to inventory crash cart
 Maintain a current list of community resources for emergency preparedness
 Discuss critical elements of an emergency plan for response to a natural disaster or other emergency
 Vaccine Administration
 Describe proper procedure for the storage and handling of vaccines
 State recommended temperature for storage of vaccines for freezer and or refrigerator storage and type of thermometers to use in monitoring
 List effects of temperature range on stored vaccinations
 Demonstrate recording/monitoring of refrigerator/freezer temperature log
 State the effects of light on stored vaccines and how damage from a light source can be prevented
 List preventative measures to be taken to insure vaccine efficacy
 Identify qualifications of a valid certificate for recording immunizations
 Identify Certificate of Immunization provisional enrollments
 Identify Certificate of Immunization Exemption for medical and religious exemptions
 Define IDPH, IRIS system for the immunization registry in Iowa
 Define the federally mandated entitlement program VFC and the requirements for health care providers? vaccine accountability with this program
 List four different resources available to health care personnel for vaccine administration and the current recommendations and guidelines
 For each recommended vaccination, identify the disease immunity given by the vaccine
 List vaccination requirements for infants, pediatric 12 months thru 18 years and adult
 Identify proper route and site for all vaccinations including needle length for infant, pediatric and adult patients receiving vaccination injections
 State procedure to follow in an administration error
 Identify those vaccinations requiring revaccination schedules
 Identify VIS for vaccinations and state where current forms may be obtained
 List information to be recorded in a vaccination log record and state how long the records are to be kept including temperature logs of vaccinations
 Define cold chain for receiving and storing vaccinations and list procedures to accomplish the cold chain
 Describe an emergency storage plan for vaccines and list procedures for this safeguard plan for implementation in a medical office
 State procedure to follow for outofrange log reading for refrigerator and freezer



MAP 423  Professional Development Credits: 3 Lecture Hours: 3 Lab Hours: 0 Practicum Hours: 0 Work Experience: 0 Course Type: Voc/Tech General competencies including professional behavior, responsibilities of the certified medical assistant in identifying and responding to issues of confidentiality as governed by HIPAA, serving as a patient advocate, performing within legal and ethical boundaries, and demonstrating knowledge of federal and state healthcare regulations. Students will incorporate critical thinking skills based on knowledge of medical specialties, basic firstaid principles, medical law and ethics. Competencies include the ability to recognize and respond to verbal and nonverbal communication and to respect individual diversity. Competencies
 Explain the scope of practice of a certified medical assistant
 State requirements for certification/recertification
 List the responsibilities of a certified medical assistant
 Explain requirements for limited radiography license
 State recertification requirements for AAMA credentials and radiography license
 Identify the three levels of the American Association of Medical Assistants
 Differentiate between scope of practice and standards of care for medical assistants
 Compare and contrast provider and medical assistant roles in terms of standard of care
 Discuss licensure and certifications as they apply to healthcare providers
 Locate a state’s legal scope of practice for medical assistants
 Correlate medical specialty areas with diseases/conditions most frequently treated
 Summarize educational requirements of physicians and selected health care paraprofessionals
 State licensure or certification requirements of physicians and paraprofessionals
 Summarize educational requirements for physicians and selected health care paraprofessionals
 State licensure or certification requirements for physicians and selected health care paraprofessionals
 Administer First Aid.
 Describe basic principles of first aid as they pertain to the ambulatory healthcare setting
 Describe procedures for controlling bleeding
 List signs and symptoms of shock
 Demonstrate appropriate steps for treatment of shock
 State location and phone number of poison control center
 State accepted first aid procedures to follow when a person has ingested, inhaled, injected, or absorbed a poison
 Explain first aid procedures for dealing with the three classifications of thermal burns
 Describe first aid treatment for individuals suffering from heat cramps, heat exhaustion, and heat stroke
 Describe first aid treatment for individuals suffering from frostbite, general body cooling (hypothermia)
 Identify open wounds including laceration, avulsion, amputation and incision
 Explain first aid procedures for individuals who are experiencing seizures, diabetic coma/shock, cerebrovascular accident, and head injuries
 Perform first aid procedures for bleeding, diabetic coma or insulin shock, fractures, seizures, shock and syncope
 Demonstrate self awareness in responding to an emergency situation
 Define Good Samaritan laws
 Adhere to legal requirements and ethical requirements
 State the origin of medical ethics
 Explain ethical guidelines relating to confidentiality in the medical office
 Define medical practice acts.
 List 4 requirements of a valid contract
 Explain why the physician  patient relationship is a contractual relationship
 Compare criminal and civil law as they apply to the practicing medical assistant
 Define: negligence, malpractice, statute of limitation, Good Samaritan Act, Uniform Anatomical Gift Act, living will/advanced directives, medical durable power of attorney, Patient Self Determination Act (PSDA) and risk management
 Define the following medical legal terms: informed consent; implied consent; expressed consent; patient incompetence; emancipated minor; mature minor; subpoena duces tecum; respondent superior, res ipsa loquitor; locum tenens, defendantplaintiff; deposition and arbitrationmediation
 Define ethics and morals
 Differentiate between personal and professional ethics
 Identify the effect of personal morals on professional performance
 Apply HIPAA rules in regard to privacy and release of information
 Apply the Patients’ Bill of Rights as it relates to: choice of treatment; consent for treatment; refusal of treatment
 Develop a plan for separation of personal and professional ethics
 Demonstrate appropriate response(s) to ethical issues
 Recognize the impact personal ethics and morals have on the delivery of healthcare
 Describe components of the Health Insurance Portability & Accountability Act (HIPAA)
 Summarize the Patient Bill of Rights
 Summarize the criteria for a civil act for medical negligence
 Define tort
 List 4 requirements for a tort of negligence
 Explain the concept of direct cause
 Summarize the requirements for informed consent
 Define battery
 List 4 requirements that must be met for informed consent to be valid
 Comply with local, state and federal regulations
 Define the role of the medical examiner
 Describe the following types of insurance: liability; professional (malpractice); personal injury
 Describe the process in compliance reporting of: unsafe activities; errors in patient care; conflicts of interest
 Describe compliance with public health statutes as they relate to: communicable diseases; abuse, neglect and exploitation; wounds of violence
 Perform compliance reporting based on public health statutes
 Report an illegal activity in the healthcare setting following proper protocol
 Protect the integrity of the medical record
 Behave in a professional manner
 Apply techniques for maintaining a positive mental attitude
 Explain how patient perceptions influence attitudes about care received
 Maintain professional standards for dress and grooming
 Define the principles of selfboundaries
 Define patient navigator
 Describe the role of the medical assistant as patient navigator
 Discuss examples of diversity: cultural; social and ethnic
 Coach patient appropriately considering cultural diversity, developmental life stage and communication barriers
 Demonstrate the principles of selfboundaries
 Demonstrate respect for individual diversity including: gender, race, religion, age, economic status and appearance
 Demonstrate sensitivity to patient rights
 Apply communication skills
 Explain keys to active listening
 List requirements of effective communication
 Identify nonverbal communication behaviors
 Explain valuing diversity as it relates to communication
 Describe guidelines for dealing with an angry patient
 Identify styles and types of verbal communication
 Identify types of nonverbal communication
 Recognize barriers to communication
 Identify techniques for overcoming communication barriers
 Recognize the elements of oral communication using a senderreceiver process
 Relate the following behaviors to professional communication: assertive, aggressive and passive
 Differentiate between adaptive and nonadaptive coping mechanisms
 Discuss the theories of: Maslow, Erikson and KublerRoss
 Use feedback techniques to obtain patient information including: reflection, restatement and clarification
 Respond to nonverbal communication
 Demonstrate: empathy, active listening and nonverbal communication
 Utilize critical thinking skills
 Formulate questions to determine if important information is lacking
 Reject information that is not accurate, relevant, precise or clear
 Double check all facts
 Exam the situation and evaluate the problem without bias or judgment
 Assess the situation for reason and logic
 Determine and state the goal to be accomplished
 Follow steps for implementation/problem solving
 Evaluate outcomes



MAP 532  Human BodyHealth & Disease Credits: 3 Lecture Hours: 3 Lab Hours: 0 Practicum Hours: 0 Work Experience: 0 Course Type: Voc/Tech Designed to provide specialized knowledge of the human body relating to disease processes and possible methods of treatment. Drug terminology is added, as well as basic knowledge of symbols and abbreviations. Prerequisite: HSC 114 with a “C” or better Competencies
 Analyze the mechanism of disease
 Define general disease terminology
 Discuss patterns of disease
 Describe the categories of pathogenic organisms
 Identify body defense mechanisms against disease
 Outline the events of the inflammatory response
 Explain the effects of aging on the human body
 Examine terminology used in the study of neoplasms
 Distinguish between benign and malignant tumors
 Identify common carcinogenic substances
 Describe the pathogenesis of cancer
 Discuss curative, palliative, and preventive methods utilized for cancer treatment
 Interpret signs and symptoms of common diseases
 Review basic anatomy and physiology
 Discuss the effects of trauma to the body
 Compare and contrast acute and chronic
 List factors which influence how pain is experienced
 Explain the etiology of common diseases, disorders and syndromes.
 Discuss disorders of the integumentary system
 Explain diseases that impact the musculoskeletal system
 Describe mental health and disorders of the nervous system
 Discuss diseases that impact special senses
 List disorders of the endocrine system
 Identify pathologies of the circulatory system
 Discuss disorders that impact immunity and the lymphatic system
 Describe diseases of the respiratory system
 Explain digestive system pathologies
 Discuss disorders of the male and female reproductive systems
 Describe diseases of the urinary system
 Explain disorders relevant to genetics, development and growth
 Recognize diagnostic procedures and treatments of common diseases, disorders, and syndromes.
 Describe diagnostic procedures and treatments options for the integumentary system
 List diagnostic procedures and treatments used for the musculoskeletal system
 Explain diagnostic procedures and treatment options for mental health and the nervous system
 Discuss diagnostic procedures and treatment options used for special senses
 Describe procedures and treatment modalities for the endocrine system
 Identify diagnostic procedures and treatment options for the circulatory system
 Describe procedures and treatments for the lymphatic system
 List procedures and treatment options for the respiratory system
 Explain diagnostic procedures and treatments of the digestive system
 Discuss procedures and treatments utilized for the male and female reproductive systems
 List diagnostic procedures and treatments of the urinary system
 Explain procedures utilized for diagnosis and available treatment options for genetic, developmental, and childhood disorders.
 Discuss the prognosis of common diseases
 Discuss typical prognoses of diseases associated with the integumentary system
 Describe outcomes of diseases related to the musculoskeletal system
 Explain the prognosis of diseases related to mental health and the nervous system
 Describe the prognosis of pathologies associated with special senses
 Identify disease outcomes for the endocrine system
 List typical prognoses of pathologies related to the circulatory system
 Explain disease outcomes for immunity and the lymphatic system
 Discuss common prognoses for respiratory pathologies
 Identify typical prognoses for pathologies of the digestive system
 Explain prognoses of disorders of the male and female reproductive systems
 List common pathology outcomes of the urinary system
 Describe typical prognoses of disorders related to genetics, development, and growth
 Evaluate complementary medicine and use of alternative therapies
 Examine prevalent alternative medical treatments
 Identify risks and benefits associated with alternative medicine
Competencies Revised Date: 2019 


MAP 544  Human BodyHealth & Disease I Credits: 4 Lecture Hours: 4 Lab Hours: 0 Practicum Hours: 0 Work Experience: 0 Course Type: Voc/Tech Students will incorporate critical thinking skills based on knowledge of course competencies to identify human anatomy and physiology, including the interrelationship of organ systems and homeostasis in the healthy body. Also covered will be common pathology, diagnostic aids and treatment options, including pharmacology related to each body system. Study of the interaction that occurs between systems and changes to the structure and function that occur across the life span as well as patient education procedures. Safety procedures will be reviewed with each unit. Internet research will be used for a variety of health topics. Units studied are structural organization, disease process and integumentary, skeletal, muscular, blood and circulatory. Remaining systems studied in MAP 554 . Competencies
 Discuss basic biological principles that relate to anatomy, physiology, and homeostasis
 Discuss the order of increasing complexity the levels of organization of the body
 Identify structures of the axial and appendicular subdivisions of the body
 List the nine abdominal regions and the abdominal quadrants
 List the principal directional terms and section (planes) used in describing the body and the relationship of body parts to one another
 List the major cavities of the body and the subdivisions of each
 Define homeostasis and metabolism
 Discuss the basic structure and function the three major components of a cell
 List the functions of the primary cellular organelles
 Discuss the stages of mitosis and explain the importance of cellular reproduction
 Identify the major passive and active transport processes that act to move substances through cell membranes
 Describe the four basic types of tissue
 List the 11 major organ systems of the body
 Describe the basic functions of each major organ system
 Identify the basic mechanisms of disease and oncology
 Describe five categories of pathogenic organisms
 List methods of entry for pathogenic organisms into the body
 List common methods used to prevent the spread of pathogens
 Identify body defense mechanisms against disease
 Discuss six predisposing conditions or risk factors that might promote diseases in an individual
 Distinguish between the terms benign and malignant as they apply to tumors
 Describe effects of disease on homeostasis
 Describe the pathogenesis of cancer
 List predisposing factors that increase the risk of developing cancer
 List methods of diagnosing cancer
 List common methods of treatment for cancer
 List variables in prognosis for cancer
 Outline the stages of the inflammatory response
 Explain the role of the inflammatory response in the disease process
 Identify the structures of the integumentary system
 List the types of membranes in the body
 Describe the structure and function of the body membranes
 Describe the structure and function of the layers of the skin
 Describe the structure and function of each accessory organ of the skin
 Discuss the three primary functions of the integumentary system
 Explain the major skin disorders and infections
 Recognize symptoms of common skin disorders
 Explain etiological factors for common skin disorders
 Discuss possible methods of treatment for skin disorders
 Describe procedures used in diagnosing skin disorders and infections
 Explain the classification of burns
 Discuss prognosis for skin disorders or diseases
 Identify the structures and functions of the skeletal system
 Explain how bones are formed, how they grow, and how they are remodeled
 Describe the microscopic structure of bone and cartilage
 List the classifications of bones according to shape
 Identify the major anatomical structures found in a typical long bone
 Discuss bone formation and growth
 Identify the two major subdivisions of the skeleton
 List the bones of the two major subdivisions of the skeleton
 Describe the structure of the major types of joints in the body
 List examples of each of the major types of joints in the body
 Identify all bones of human skeleton using diagrams and skeletal models
 Identify nutrients required for bone growth
 Name hormones and their function, involved in bone growth and maintenance
 Outline the major disorders of the bones and joints
 Recognize symptoms of common bone and joint disorders
 Explain etiological factors for common bone and joint disorders
 Discuss possible methods of treatment for common bone and joint disorders
 Describe procedures used in diagnosing common bone and joint disorders
 State the prognosis for disorders of the bones and joints
 Identify the structures and functions of the muscular system
 Compare the structure of the three basic types of muscle tissue
 Locate the three major types of muscle tissue in the body
 Discuss the microscopic structure of a skeletal muscle
 Discuss how a muscle is stimulated
 Compare the major types of muscle contractions
 Identify the major muscles of the body
 Explain the common types of movement produced by skeletal muscles
 Identify major disorders of the muscular system
 Recognize symptoms of major muscular disorders
 Explain etiological factors for major muscular system disorders
 Discuss possible methods of treatment for muscular system disorders
 Describe procedures used in diagnosing muscular system disorders
 State the prognosis for muscular system disorders
 Describe the structures and functions of the circulatory and lymphatic system
 Discuss the location, size, and position of the heart in the thoracic cavity
 Identify the heart chambers, sounds, and valves
 Trace the pathway of blood through the heart, pulmonary and systemic circulatory system
 Identify components of the heart conduction system
 Explain how the conduction system regulates rate of heartbeat
 Discuss the structure and function of the major blood types of blood vessels
 Trace the path of blood through the portal, and fetal circulation
 Discuss the factors involved in generation of blood pressure
 Locate the major pulse points on the body
 Describe the primary functions of blood
 List the formed elements of blood, and components of plasma
 Describe function of elements in blood and plasma
 Describe the general functions and the organs of the lymphatic system
 Discuss the various types of immunity
 Identify disorders of the circulatory and lymphatic system
 Recognize symptoms of disorders of the circulatory and lymphatic systems
 Explain etiological factors for disorders of the circulatory and lymphatic systems
 Discuss possible methods of treatment for disorders of the circulatory and lymphatic systems
 Describe procedures used in diagnosing disorders of the circulatory and lymphatic systems
 State the prognosis for disorders of the circulatory and lymphatic systems
 Describe interaction that occurs between systems and changes to the structure and function that occur across the life span
 Describe the interrelationships among the organ systems and the interrelationship of each organ system to homeostasis
 Describe the effects of illness to the interrelationships of the organ systems and this effect on homeostasis
 Identify common pharmaceuticals prescribed for each system studied
 Identify common pharmaceuticals prescribed for each body system
 Access patient education material
 Locate varieties of patient education materials in areas of wellness, preventative and treatment care
 Explain the benefits of patient routine care, physical exams, regular diagnostic testing and screening to wellness and preventative care
 Use appropriate internet search for information on assigned Health and Disease conditions, treatments and or patient education materials throughout this course
 Utilize critical thinking skills
 Formulate questions to determine if important information is lacking
 Reject information that is not accurate, relevant, precise or clear.
 Double check all facts
 Exam the situation and evaluate the problem without bias or judgment
 Assess the situation for reason and logic
 Determine and state the goal to be accomplished
 Follow steps for implementation/problem solving
 Evaluate outcomes



MAP 554  Human BodyHealth & Disease II Credits: 4 Lecture Hours: 4 Lab Hours: 0 Practicum Hours: 0 Work Experience: 0 Course Type: Voc/Tech Students will incorporate critical thinking skills based on knowledge of course competencies to identify human anatomy and physiology, including interrelationship of organ systems. Common pathology, diagnostic aids, and treatment options and prognosis including pharmacology related to each body system. Study of interaction that occurs between systems and changes to the structure and function that occur across the life span. Patient education procedures, wellness and prevention reviewed with each unit. Internet research will be used for a variety of health topics.Build medical terminology, definition and pronunciation with key terms for each unit of study. Units studied: lymphatic, respiratory, digestive, nutrition, dietary needs of special populations, nervous, sensory, endocrine, urinary, reproductive, common childhood diseases and end of life care. Prerequisite: Grade of C or better in MAP 544 Competencies
 Explain the structures and functions of the respiratory system
 Identify the organs of the respiratory system
 Discuss the generalized functions of the respiratory system
 Explain the exchange of gases that occurs during internal and external respiration
 Discuss the volumes of air exchanged during pulmonary ventilation
 Identify the mechanisms that regulate respiration
 Explain disorders of the respiratory system
 Recognize symptoms of disorders of the respiratory system
 Explain etiological factors for disorders of the respiratory system
 Discuss possible methods of treatment for disorders of the respiratory system
 Describe procedures used in diagnosing disorders of the respiratory system
 State the prognosis for disorders of the respiratory system
 Identify health risks of smoking and methods available for smoking cessation
 Explain the structures and function of the nervous system
 List the divisions of the nervous system and the organs of each division
 Describe the generalized function of the system as a whole
 Identify the major types of cells in the nervous system
 Describe the function of the major types of cells in the nervous system
 Identify the anatomical and functional components of a reflex arc
 Describe electrical nerve impulse and describe impulse transmission at synapses
 Identify the major anatomical components of the brain and spinal cord
 Discuss the function of the anatomical components of the brain and spinal cord
 Identify the coverings and fluid spaces of the brain and spinal cord
 Identify cranial and spinal nerves
 Discuss the two divisions of the autonomic nervous system
 List the disorders of the nervous system
 Specify the symptoms of nervous system disorders
 Discuss the etiological factors for nervous system disorders
 Identify the possible methods of treatment for nervous system disorders
 List the procedures used in diagnosing nervous system disorders
 State the prognosis for nervous system disorders
 Explain the structures and functions of the sensory system
 List the major senses and the primary organ for each sense
 Discuss the structures of the eye and the function of each structure
 Discuss the structures of the ear and the function of each structure
 Describe the function of the ear in its sensory function in hearing and in equilibrium
 Discuss the general sense organs and their functions
 List the disorders of the sensory system
 Recognize symptoms of disorders of the sensory system
 Explain etiological factors for sensory system disorders
 Discuss possible methods of treatment for sensory system disorders
 Describe procedures used in diagnosing sensory system disorders
 State the prognosis for sensory system disorders
 Explain the structures and functions of the endocrine system
 Distinguish between exocrine and endocrine glands
 Identify the primary endocrine glands and the major hormones secreted by each gland
 Discuss the mechanisms of steroid and protein hormone action
 Explain how negative and positive feedback mechanisms regulate the secretion of endocrine hormones
 Identify the principal functions of each major endocrine hormone
 Discuss the result of hypersecretion or hyposecretion of each major hormone
 Identify the disorders of the endocrine system
 Specify the symptoms of endocrine system disorders
 Discuss the etiological factors for endocrine system disorders
 List the possible methods of treatment for endocrine system disorders
 Name the procedures used in diagnosing endocrine system disorders
 State the prognosis for endocrine system disorders
 Identify the structures and function of the digestive system
 List in sequence the organs or segments of the alimentary canal from mouth to anus
 Name the structure and primary function of each of the organs
 Identify the accessory organs of digestion and their primary function
 Recognize the basics of protein, fat, and carbohydrate digestion and give the end products of each process
 Make a distinction between mechanical and chemical digestion
 Identify the peritoneum and its extension
 Describe dietary nutrients including: carbohydrates, fat, protein, minerals, electrolytes, vitamins, fiber and water.
 List the dietary guidelines for healthy children and adults
 Describe absorption in the small intestine
 Identify structure, function, vessels and ducts of biliary system
 Identify disorders of the digestive system
 Recognize symptoms of digestive system disorders
 Specify the etiological factors for digestive system disorders
 Name the possible methods of treatment for digestive system disorders
 List the procedures used in diagnosing digestive system disorders
 State the prognosis for digestive system disorders
 Describe the functions of the different types of nutrients
 Describe the concept of the Recommended Daily Dietary Allowances
 List the dietary guidelines using My Plate
 Explain the structures and function of the urinary system
 List each of the organs or the urinary system
 State the general function of each of the organs.
 Name the parts of a nephron
 Describe the role of each part of the nephron in the formation of urine
 Explain the importance of filtration, tubular reabsorption, and tubular secretion in urine formation
 Explain how the kidneys act as vital organs in maintaining homeostasis
 Identify disorders of the urinary system
 Recognize symptoms of urinary system disorders
 Specify etiological factors for urinary system disorders
 Name possible methods of treatment for urinary system disorders
 List the procedures used in diagnosing urinary system disorders
 State the etiology for urinary system disorders
 Explain the structures and function of the reproductive system
 List the essential and accessory organs of the male and female reproductive system
 Give the general function of each essential and accessory organ
 Describe the gross and microscopic structure of the gonads in both sexes
 Explain the developmental steps in spermatogenesis and oogenesis
 Identify the structures that constitute the external genitals in both sexes
 Discuss the phases of the menstrual cycle
 Correlate each phase of the menstrual cycle with its occurrence in a typical 28day cycle.
 Discuss the major developmental changes characteristic of the prenatal stage of life from fertilization to birth
 Discuss three stages of labor that characterize a normal, vaginal birth
 Discuss various methods of birth control
 Identify the disorders of the reproductive system
 Recognize symptoms of disorders of the reproductive system
 List the etiological factors for disorders of the reproductive system
 Specify the possible methods of treatment for disorders of the reproductive system
 Name the procedures used in diagnosing disorders of the reproductive system
 State the prognosis for disorders of the reproductive system
 Define the term sexually transmitted infections and describe major types
 Describe methods of prevention for sexually transmitted infections
 Describe treatment and prognosis of sexually transmitted diseases
 List the common childhood diseases
 Etiology, treatment, and prognosis
 Identify vaccines available for prevention of childhood diseases
 Describe interaction that occurs between systems and changes to the structure and function that occur across the life span
 Describe the interrelationships among the organ systems and the interrelationship of each organ system to homeostasis
 Describe the effects of illness to the interrelationships fo the organ systems and this effect on homeostasis
 Describe normal developmental milestones
 Identify common pharmaceuticals prescribed for each system studied
 Identify common pharmaceuticals prescribed for each body system
 Access patient education material
 Locate varieties of patient education materials in areas of wellness, preventative and treatment care
 Explain the benefits of patient routine care, physical exams, regular diagnostic testing and screening to wellness and preventative care.
 Use appropriate internet search for information on assigned health and disease conditions, treatments and or patient education materials throughout this course



MAP 603  Employment Seminar Credits: 1 Lecture Hours: 1 Lab Hours: 0 Practicum Hours: 0 Work Experience: 0 Course Type: Voc/Tech Students identify job opportunities, update resumes, compose cover letters and complete paper and online employment applications. Mock interviewing, guest speakers and application processes assist students in securing employment. Mandatory reporter training is also included. Corequisite: MAP 624 Competencies
 Report names of certifying/licensing entities for medical assistants
 State documentation needed for applying for certification/licenses
 Accurately fill out applications
 Describe continuing education requirement for CMA(AAMA) as well as Limited Radiography permits.
 Categorize steps involved in a job analysis and job search
 Identify the role of the CMA in medical specialty settings
 Research medical specialists currently hiring CMAs
 Identify skills that match job requirements
 Adjust resume and cover letter specific to hiring specialty
 Compose updated resume
 Write a clear and concise resume including all necessary information
 Select 3 professional references to include with resume
 Ensure resume is free from errors and that information is not repeated
 Target resume to specific job opportunity
 Create a cover letter
 State the required elements of a cover letter.
 Demonstrate appropriate format for a cover letter
 Construct a followup thank you letter
 State the benefits of writing a followup letter
 State appropriate information to be included in letter
 Explain who should receive the followup letter
 Demonstrate interviewing skills
 State appropriate appearance for an interview
 Demonstrate an appropriate hand shake and greeting
 Answer questions without hesitations or disclaimers
 Identify strengths and areas of improvement
 State 3 questions that are not legal for an interviewer to ask
 Develop 3 questions to ask the interviewer
 Obtain certification as a mandatory reporter for child and dependent adult abuse
 Participate in mandatory reporter training prior to summer term classes.
 Define dependent adult
 Define dependent adult abuse
 Define dependent child
 Define dependent child abuse
 Identify mandatory reporters
 Discuss issues of confidentiality relating to dependent adult and child abuse



MAP 606  Professional Development III Credits: 1 Lecture Hours: 0 Lab Hours: 2 Practicum Hours: 0 Work Experience: 0 Course Type: Voc/Tech Course provides an opportunity for students to discuss situations that arise in the practicum experience. Weekly time sheets and activity reports are reviewed by the practicum coordinator to ensure that the student has adequate opportunity to utilize cognitive knowledge in the application of psychomotor and affective skills while working in all areas of the clinic. Oral reports are given by the students to incorporate critical thinking skills. Students are made aware of a wide variety of community services available to patients. Corequisite: MAP 624 Competencies
 Demonstrate increased understanding and ability in dealing with procedures and office situations during clinical affiliation
 Demonstrate awareness of related health care services available in the community
 Recognize differences in methodology in the clinical setting that will not detract from patient care
 Identify factors in dealing with patients from various ethnic and socioeconomic backgrounds that may require special attention and assistance to fully comprehend their condition
 Utilize critical thinking skills
 Formulate questions to determine if important information is lacking
 Reject information that is not accurate, relevant, precise or clear
 Double check all facts
 Exam the situation and evaluate the problem without bias or judgment
 Assess the situation for reason and logic
 Determine and state the goal to be accomplished
 Follow steps for implementation/problem solving
 Evaluate outcomes



MAP 624  Practicum Credits: 5 Lecture Hours: 0 Lab Hours: 0 Practicum Hours: 0 Work Experience: 21 Course Type: Voc/Tech This course provides the student a supervised practicum in an ambulatory healthcare setting. A minimum of 280 hours is obtained. Onsite supervision is provided by an individual who has knowledge of the medical assistant profession. Students will not receive compensation/payment, monetary or otherwise, from the practicum site. The practicum experience allows the student to demonstrate critical thinking by incorporating cognitive knowledge in the performance of psychomotor and affective domain skills in the administrative, clinical and laboratory areas. Prerequisite: Minimum grade of C in all MAP courses in first two terms Competencies  Demonstrate the ability to apply knowledge and skills in medical office procedures acquired in the classroom and laboratory to patient care in a clinical setting
 Prepare patients for physical examination, treatment, and assist provider with exam
 Obtain vital signs
 Assist with minor surgical procedures
 Instruct patients regarding proper preparation for tests ordered by the physician
 Calculate proper doses of medication
 Administer parenteral and oral medications
 Perform sterilization procedures
 Maintain sterile equipment and supplies
 Dispose of contaminated, disposable, or outdated items
 Perform designated diagnostic radiography procedures
 Obtain and record information obtained from the patient related to their physical condition
 Maintain exam rooms to provide a safe, sanitary environment for patient care at all times
 Demonstrate the ability to apply knowledge and skills in laboratory procedures acquired in the classroom and laboratory to patient care in a clinical setting
 Obtain venous and capillary blood samples
 Perform hematology procedures using manual and/or automated techniques
 Perform physical, chemical, and microscopic urinalysis
 Differentiate between normal and abnormal test results
 Prepare a wet mount for parasitology study
 Test stool specimen for occult blood
 Perform electrocardiograms
 Perform procedures essential to quality control in the laboratory
 Instruct patients on collection of specimens to be brought to the office or taken to a laboratory (stool and urine).
 Perform other laboratory procedures that may include pregnancy test, mono test and rapid strep test
 Document on graphs and flow sheets
 Demonstrate proper disposal of biohazard materials, sharps and regulated
 Demonstrate the ability to apply knowledge and skills in office management acquired in the classroom and laboratory to management procedures in a clinical setting
 Prepare patient files for day’s appointments
 Obtain accurate information for office record from new and returning patients to include address, phone, insurance, etc
 Schedule appointments according to office policy
 Obtain patient’s signature on permission forms
 Obtain precertification or prior authorization for outpatient testing
 Arrange hospital admissions and/or laboratory and xray outpatient procedures as directed by the physician
 Schedule hospital surgical procedures
 Handle incoming and outgoing correspondence
 Use appropriate techniques for information received and given out over the phone
 Deal with representatives of pharmaceutical companies, equipment manufacturers, other physicians, family member and other nonpatient individuals on the phone and in person
 Maintain the reception area in a neat, attractive, and sanitary condition at all times
 Adapt to the routine of assigned clinics
 Demonstrate understanding of basic principles
 Recognize limitations in performing unfamiliar procedures
 Demonstrate retention of knowledge pertaining to office procedures
 Organize work for efficient use of time
 Follow verbal instructions
 Follow written instructions
 Participate in EMR training and applications per clinic policy
 Interact with patients, peers, and physicians in an acceptable professional manner
 Present a professional appearance and manner
 Acquire appropriate information regarding patient’s current condition and symptoms
 Demonstrate a caring attitude with patients: empathy, active listening, nonverbal communication and sensitivity
 Communicate information to coworkers in a succinct manner
 Present a courteous and friendly attitude with patients and staff
 Seek additional experience and information when dealing with unfamiliar situations
 Ask appropriate questions at an appropriate time
 Accept constructive criticism
 Demonstrate skill in making patient’s feel as comfortable as possible during various office procedures
 Assist with various procedures performed in providing patient care on an individual basis
 Apply ethical principles to behavior in the medical office
 Maintain patient confidentiality
 Follow all HIPPA requirements
 Utilize critical thinking skills.
 Incorporate critical thinking skills when performing patient assessment
 Incorporate critical thinking skills when performing patient care
 Formulate questions to determine if important information is lacking
 Reject information that is not accurate, relevant, precise or clear
 Double check all facts
 Exam the situation and evaluate the problem without bias or judgment
 Determine and state the goal to be accomplished
 Follow steps for implementation/problem solving
 Evaluate outcomes



MAP 650  Industry Specific Practicum Credits: 3 Lecture Hours: 0 Lab Hours: 0 Practicum Hours: 0 Work Experience: 12 Course Type: Voc/Tech This course provides the student a supervised practicum in an ambulatory healthcare setting. A minimum of 180 hours is obtained. Onsite supervision is provided by an individual who has knowledge of the medical assistant profession. Students will not receive compensation/payment, monetary or otherwise, from the practicum site. The practicum experience allows the student to demonstrate critical thinking by incorporating cognitive knowledge in the performance of psychomotor and affective domain skills in the administrative, clinical and laboratory areas. Prerequisite: Satisfactory completion of all courses in the first two terms. Competencies
 Demonstrate the ability to apply knowledge and skills in medical office procedures acquired in the classroom and laboratory to patient care in a clinical setting
 Prepare patients for physical examination, treatment, and assist provider with exam
 Obtain vital signs
 Assist with minor surgical procedures
 Instruct patients regarding proper preparation for tests ordered by the physician
 Calculate proper doses of medication
 Administer parenteral and oral medications
 Perform sterilization procedures
 Maintain sterile equipment and supplies
 Dispose of contaminated, disposable, or outdated items
 Perform designated diagnostic radiography procedures
 Obtain and record information obtained from the patient related to their physical condition
 Maintain exam rooms to provide a safe, sanitary environment for patient care at all times
 Demonstrate the ability to apply knowledge and skills in laboratory procedures acquired in the classroom and laboratory to patient care in a clinical setting
 Obtain venous and capillary blood samples
 Perform hematology procedures using manual and/or automated techniques
 Perform physical, chemical, and microscopic urinalysis
 Differentiate between normal and abnormal test results
 Prepare a wet mount for parasitology study
 Test stool specimen for occult blood
 Perform electrocardiograms
 Perform procedures essential to quality control in the laboratory
 Instruct patients on collection of specimens to be brought to the office or taken to a laboratory (stool and urine).
 Perform other laboratory procedures that may include pregnancy test, mono test and rapid strep test
 Document on graphs and flow sheets
 Demonstrate proper disposal of biohazard materials, sharps and regulated
 Demonstrate the ability to apply knowledge and skills in office management acquired in the classroom and laboratory to management procedures in a clinical setting
 Prepare patient files for day’s appointments
 Obtain accurate information for office record from new and returning patients to include address, phone, insurance, etc
 Schedule appointments according to office policy
 Obtain patient’s signature on permission forms
 Obtain precertification or prior authorization for outpatient testing
 Arrange hospital admissions and/or laboratory and xray outpatient procedures as directed by the physician
 Schedule hospital surgical procedures
 Handle incoming and outgoing correspondence
 Use appropriate techniques for information received and given out over the phone
 Deal with representatives of pharmaceutical companies, equipment manufacturers, other physicians, family member and other nonpatient individuals on the phone and in person
 Maintain the reception area in a neat, attractive, and sanitary condition at all times
 Adapt to the routine of assigned clinics
 Demonstrate understanding of basic principles
 Recognize limitations in performing unfamiliar procedures
 Demonstrate retention of knowledge pertaining to office procedures
 Organize work for efficient use of time
 Follow verbal instructions
 Follow written instructions
 Participate in EMR training and applications per clinic policy
 Interact with patients, peers, and physicians in an acceptable professional manner
 Present a professional appearance and manner
 Acquire appropriate information regarding patient’s current condition and symptoms
 Demonstrate a caring attitude with patients: empathy, active listening, nonverbal communication and sensitivity
 Communicate information to coworkers in a succinct manner
 Present a courteous and friendly attitude with patients and staff
 Seek additional experience and information when dealing with unfamiliar situations
 Ask appropriate questions at an appropriate time
 Accept constructive criticism
 Demonstrate skill in making patient’s feel as comfortable as possible during various office procedures
 Assist with various procedures performed in providing patient care on an individual basis
 Apply ethical principles to behavior in the medical office
 Maintain patient confidentiality
 Follow all HIPPA requirements
 Utilize critical thinking skills.
 Incorporate critical thinking skills when performing patient assessment
 Incorporate critical thinking skills when performing patient care
 Formulate questions to determine if important information is lacking
 Reject information that is not accurate, relevant, precise or clear
 Double check all facts
 Exam the situation and evaluate the problem without bias or judgment
 Determine and state the goal to be accomplished
 Follow steps for implementation/problem solving
 Evaluate outcomes

Medical Lab Technology 


MLT 115  Clinical Lab Fundamentals Credits: 3 Lecture Hours: 2 Lab Hours: 2 Practicum Hours: 0 Work Experience: 0 Course Type: Open A course designed to acquaint the student with the field of laboratory medicine. Basic lab math, testing methods and quality control are presented. This course also incorporates an introduction to blood collection and the study of common blood cells and blood cell disorders. Prerequisite: Acceptance into the Medical Laboratory Technology program Competencies
 Evaluate the clinical laboratory.
 Discuss the roles of Medical Laboratory Technicians and other laboratory personnel.
 Summarize the general functions of a clinical laboratory, as well as the functions of each main area in the lab.
 Assess laboratory safety and quality control.
 Identify safety and precaution labels and signs.
 Disinfect work area.
 Wear appropriate personal protective equipment.
 Practice correct handwashing technique.
 Dispose of biohazardous waste.
 Protect self, studentpatient, and clinical patients from transmission of infectious disease.
 Perform appropriate error correction and documentation.
 Identify government agencies regulating laboratory results.
 Explain the use of quality control in the lab.
 Define accuracy and precision.
 Calculate standard deviations and coefficient of variation.
 Determine factors that affect procedures and results.
 Calculate laboratory math, measurements, apparatus and principles.
 Name different types of glass, containers and receivers.
 Perform pipetting techniques.
 Perform unit conversions in standard and metric.
 Convert temperature from degrees Celsius to degrees Fahrenheit and vice versa.
 Demonstrate absorbance spectrophotometry.
 Describe the principles of spectrophotometry.
 Operate the spectrophotometer to calculate unknown concentrations.
 Graph curves illustrating % transmittance v. concentration and absorbance v. concentration.
 Discuss the absorbance and transmittance of light and how it relates to Beer’s Law.
 Apply Beer’s Law in the calculations of solution concentrations.
 Convert % transmittance to absorbance using a conversion chart.
 Given a standard line, determine if the procedure follows Beer’s Law.
 State two methods which are used to determine if a procedure follows Beer’s Law.
 Define the following types of specimens used when performing procedures using the spectrophotometer: standard solutions, blank, and control specimen.
 Use a common procedure to determine the concentration of glucose in a specimen.
 Give the normal values for glucose levels in blood and other body fluids.
 Define diabetes mellitus; contrast Type I and Type II diabetes.
 Demonstrate an understanding of quality assurance in blood collection.
 Recognize the importance of correct blood collection techniques in total patient care.
 List the factors that influence the integrity of a blood specimen.
 Describe the quality assurance of blood collection.
 Examine equipment used in blood collection.
 Describe the purposes of various pieces of equipment and supplies.
 Differentiate among the various needle sizes as to gauge and purpose
 Discuss methods to safely dispose of contaminated needles.
 Identify the types of tubes by color code, and state the anticoagulant and additives present, mechanism of action, and special characteristics, and the purposes of each
 List the correct order of draw.
 Differentiate between serum and plasma.
 Define coagulation; and, state when an anticoagulant is used in blood collection.
 Perform venipuncture techniques.
 List the required information on a requisition form.
 Describe correct patient identification.
 Describe patient preparation and the variables that can affect some lab tests
 Assemble venipuncture equipment and supplies.
 Process specimens for analysis
 Discuss postvenipuncture care of patient, labeling, and delivery of specimens to the lab.
 Collect blood from studentpatients and donors using various methods of collection
 Identify the most common venipuncture sites; and, identify alternative sites and describe when they would be used.
 Explain how to determine site selection and the cleaning process.
 Describe proper needle position for a successful venipuncture.
 List reasons blood would be collected using a syringe or butterfly rather than collection it via venipuncture using evacuated tubes.
 List the steps in performing a venipuncture using a syringe or butterfly.
 Perform dermal puncture techniques.
 State reasons for performing a dermal puncture.
 Identify acceptable and unacceptable sites for dermal puncture in adults, children, and babies.
 List the steps in performing dermal puncture.
 List the order of collection for dermal puncture specimens.
 Describe correct labeling of microspecimens.
 Describe the commonly used skin puncture devices for both finger sticks and heel sticks.
 Explain why the first drop of blood is wiped away when performing a dermal puncture.
 Assess complications and troubleshooting in blood collection.
 List steps taken when collecting blood from a patient with an intravenous (IV) line in place.
 Define the following: syncope, hematoma, petechiae, sclerosed veins.
 Discuss causes and prevention of the following complications in phlebotomy: fainting, bruising, petechiae, excessive bleeding, seizures, allergies, infections, pain, damaged veins.
 Discuss causes and solutions for: failure to obtain blood, equipment failure, needle positions, and collapsed veins.
 Evaluate specimen handling and processing.
 List factors that can cause a patient’s lab results to appear abnormal.
 Discuss appropriate handling of laboratory specimens.
 State the acceptable time between specimen collection and separation of cells from plasma or serum, and explain why this is necessary.
 Describe how to transport specimens to the lab when they must be kept warm, kept chilled, or are lightsensitive.
 List common reasons for specimen rejection; and, explain why the specimens are unable to be tested.
 Discuss hematopoiesis.
 Describe the common blood cells, serum, and plasma, and their functions.
 Explain hemoglobin synthesis and structure.
 Identify forms of hemoglobin and derivatives.
 Describe methods of measurement and reference values.
 State the ratio of red marrow to yellow marrow.
 Discuss the role bone marrow plays in cells production from fetal life throughout adulthood.
 State the total adult blood volume in liters.
 State the life span of a red blood cell in days.
 State names, amino acid chains, and percentages in blood of normal adult hemoglobin.
 Define hemoglobinopathies, and list at least one (1) example of a hemoglobinopathy.
 List reasons for an increased and decreased hemoglobin value.
 Explain hematocrit.
 Identify specimens to be used and methods of measurements.
 List reference values.
 List reasons for an increased and decreased hematocrit.
 State the reason for obtaining duplicate tubes for microhematocrit readings.
 State the ‘rule of 3’ as it pertains to RBC count, hemoglobin, and hematocrit.
 Assess cell counts and RBC indices.
 Calculate Mean Corpuscular Volume (MCV), Mean Corpuscular Hemoglobin (MCH), and Mean Corpuscular Hemoglobin Concentration (MCHC).
 List reference values for indicies.
 Relate indices to red blood cell morphology.
 Perform red blood cell, white blood cell and platelet counts.
 Calculate red blood cell, white blood cell and platelet counts.
 List reference values for cell counts.
 List reasons for increased and decreased numbers of red blood cells, white blood cells, and platelets.
 Define polycythemia, leukocytosis, leukopenia, absolute leukocytosis, thrombocytosis, thrombocytemia, and thrombocytopenia; and, list causes for these conditions.
 Perform microscopic examination of peripheral blood.
 Prepare blood smears.
 Stain blood smears.
 Perform leukocyte differentials, including red blood cell morphology.
 Perform platelet estimate.
 Calculate corrected white blood cell count.
 List reference values.
 Define anisocytosis; and, correlate the red cell distribution width (RDW) with the amount of anisocytosis.
 Evaluate hematological diseases states.
 Define anemias and leukemias.
 Recognize cell morphology in health and diseased states.
 Identify red cell and white cell disorders based on the differential, red cell indicies, and cell counts.
 Demonstrate professional conduct.
 Demonstrate interpersonal communication skills with patients, other health care professionals, and the public.
 Practice confidentiality.
 Follow written and verbal instructions.
 Demonstrate ethical time management.
 Choose workplaceappropriate clothing and jewelry.
 Recognize the responsibilities of other laboratory and health care personnel, interacting with them with respect to their jobs and patient care.
 Recognize the need for continuing education as a function of growth and maintenance of professional competence.
 Maintain professional growth and competence through involvement in continuing education.
 Demonstrate workplace basic skills of listening, writing, leadership, and time management.
 Practice written and oral communication skills.
 Create team atmosphere in laboratory functions.
 Demonstrate judgment and decision making skills.
 Analyze laboratory findings to recognize common procedural and technical problems.
 Evaluate laboratory findings to take corrective action.
 Analyze laboratory findings to check for sources of errors.
 Evaluate laboratory findings to recognize and report the need for additional testing.



MLT 120  Urinalysis Credits: 3 Lecture Hours: 2 Lab Hours: 2 Practicum Hours: 0 Work Experience: 0 Course Type: Open This course includes the study of urine formation and the methodology of determining the physical, chemical and
microscopic properties of urine in normal and abnormal states. Basic lab skills, safety and quality control in urinalysis
are presented. An overview of body fluid analysis will also be covered. Prerequisite: Acceptance into the Medical Laboratory Technology program Competencies
 Assess laboratory safety and quality control.
 Identify safety and precaution labels and signs
 Disinfect work area
 Wear appropriate personal protective equipment.
 Practice correct handwashing technique
 Dispose of biohazardous waste
 Protect self, studentpatient, and clinical patients from transmission of infectious disease.
 Perform appropriate error correction and documentation.
 Identify government agencies regulating laboratory results.
 Explain the use of quality control in the lab.
 Determine factors that affect procedures and results.
 Perform Brightfield Microscopy.
 Identify the parts of the Brighfield Microscope
 Demonstrate cleaning, care, and storage of the Brightfiled microscope.
 Practice troubleshooting problems with the microscopes.
 Determine the final magnification for objects appearing under low power field (lpf), high power field (hpf, also known as “high dry”), and oil immersion (oif).
 Assess the urinary system.
 Identify the parts of the urinary tract, kidney, and nephron; and, explain their functions.
 Describe formation and composition of urine.
 Define filtration, reabsorption, secretion, excretion, and renal blood flow in terms of base mechanisms and net results.
 Define anuria, oliguria, uremia, polyuria.
 Discuss urine specimens collected for routine urinalysis.
 List and describe types of urine specimens.
 State normal and abnormal daily urine volumes, and terms defining those volumes.
 Discuss proper specimen collection, handling and preservation of urine.
 List changes in unpreserved or incorrectly preserved urine specimens.
 Explain proper sample identification and its significance.
 Identify the two substances that have the greatest impact on urine specific gravity, and how to compensate for their presence.
 Describe the physical urinalysis.
 State common terminology used to report normal urine color.
 Discuss the significance of abnormal urine colors.
 State the significance of urine clarity.
 List pathologic and nonpathologic causes of urine cloudiness.
 Discuss specific gravity as it relates to normal and abnormal urine specimens.
 Assess the chemical urinalysis.
 Discuss the importance of timing when using reagent test strip testing
 Discuss the principle of each of the ten chemical analyses performed on urine specimens: pH, protein, glucose, ketones, blood, bilirubin, urobilinogen, nitrites, leukocyte esterase, and specific gravity.
 Correlate chemical results with physical and microscopic results.
 Correlate chemical results with the presence or absence of disease.
 Evaluate the microscopic urinalysis.
 Compare and contrast automated and manual methods of viewing urine sediment.
 Describe the recommended methods for standardizing specimen preparation and volume, centrifugation, sedimentation preparation, examination, and reporting of results.
 Perform routine urinalyses.
 Perform physical, chemical, and microscopic testing of urine.
 Perform specific gravity using a refractometer.
 Perform confirmatory testing based on results of chemical analysis.
 Identify and quantify urinary sediment.
 Identify artifacts and state why they may be present in urine.
 Operate and maintain instrumentation used in routine urinalysis.
 Perform and document quality control and maintenance of supplies and equipment.
 Assess renal diseases and metabolic disorders affecting the kidney.
 Describe etiology and frequency of disorders.
 Discuss confirmatory lab tests used for diagnosis.
 Correlate urinalysis results with diseases and disorders.
 Evaluate bodily fluids.
 State routine laboratory tests performed on bodily fluids, including the rationale and department in which the tests are typically performed.
 Identify normal locations, functions, and volume of each fluid: cerebrospinal fluid (CSF), pleural, peritoneal, pericardial, synovial, seminal, and amniotic fluid.
 Discuss collection, transport, and analysis of bodily fluids.
 Differentiate transudates from exudates.
 Define xanthochromic.
 Describe the microscopic identification of crystals using polarized and compensated polarized light.
 Perform cell counts on bodily fluids.
 Perform a routine semen analysis.
 Correlate cellular and other microscopic findings in bodily fluids with pathologic and nonpathologic conditions.
 Differentiate among bacterial, viral, mycobacterial, and fungal meningitis.
 Discuss fecal analysis and define steatorrhea.
 Perform occult blood and/or fecal fat testing.
 Evaluate clinical laboratory operations.
 Define the roles and level of training required for Clinical Laboratory personnel.
 Discuss the purpose(s) of the major disciplines of clinical laboratory science to include their approaches to the diagnostic, therapeutic, and health maintenance roles of the clinical laboratory.
 Identify basic lab tests performed in each department.
 Differentiate clinical laboratory settings in terms of primary mission, levels of service and personnel standards: hospital, reference, state health, and physician office laboratories.
 Demonstrate professional conduct.
 Demonstrate interpersonal communication skills with patients, other health care professionals, and the public.
 Practice confidentiality.
 Follow written and verbal instructions.
 Demonstrate ethical time management.
 Choose workplaceappropriate clothing and jewelry.
 Recognize the responsibilities of other laboratory and health care personnel, interacting with them with respect to their jobs and patient care.
 Recognize the need for continuing education as a function of growth and maintenance of professional competence.
 Maintain professional growth and competence through involvement in continuing education.
 Demonstrate workplace basic skills of listening, writing, leadership, and time management.
 Practice written and oral communication skills
 Create team atmosphere in laboratory functions.
 Demonstrate judgment and decision making skills.
 Analyze laboratory findings to recognize common procedural and technical problems.
 Take corrective action.
 Check for sources of error.
 Evaluate laboratory findings to recognize and report the need for additional testing.



MLT 180  Clinical Practicum I Credits: 1 Lecture Hours: 0 Lab Hours: 0 Practicum Hours: 0 Work Experience: 4 Course Type: Open Students report to a local hospital to join the phlebotomy team to practice patient approach and to draw blood specimens. Prerequisite: MLT 115 Competencies
 Collect blood specimens from patients
 Demonstrate proper patient identification
 Follow recommended isolation techniques
 Select appropriate collection apparatus
 Perform venipucture or skin puncture
 Choose tube types
 Communicate appropriately with patient
 Assess patient reactions
 Perform postblood collection procedures
 Dispose of biological waste
 Perform postdonation care of the patient
 Transport specimen to lab
 Operate laboratory information system, if applicable.
 Print patient sample labels
 Enter laboratory data.
 Use the computer system with integrity.
 Assess laboratory safety and quality control
 Identify safety and precaution labels and signs
 Disinfect collection area
 Wear appropriate personal protective equipment
 Practice correct handwashing technique
 Protect self, studentpatient, and clinical patients from transmission of infectious disease
 Perform appropriate error correction and documentation
 Determine factors that affect procedures and results
 Demonstrate professional conduct.
 Demonstrate interpersonal communication skills with patients, other health care professionals, and the public.
 Practice confidentiality.
 Follow written and verbal instructions.
 Demonstrate ethical time management.
 Choose workplaceappropriate clothing and jewelry.
 Recognize the responsibilities of other laboratory and health care personnel, interacting with them with respect to their jobs and patient care.
 Recognize the need for continuing education as a function of growth and maintenance of professional competence.
 Maintain professional growth and competence through involvement in continuing education.
 Demonstrate workplace basic skills of listening, writing, leadership, and time management.
 Practice written and oral communication skills.
 Create a team atmosphere in laboratory functions.
 Demonstrate judgment and decision making skills.
 Troubleshoot common procedural and technical phlebotomy problems.
 Perform corrective action.
 Check for sources of errors.
 Evaluate findings to recognize and report the need for additional collection procedure.



MLT 232  Adv. Hematology & Coagulation Credits: 5 Lecture Hours: 3 Lab Hours: 4 Practicum Hours: 0 Work Experience: 0 Course Type: Open A review of basic procedures followed by a study of normal and abnormal blood and bone marrow smears as they relate to anemias and leukemias. Hematology instrumentation, quality control, coagulation and body fluid analysis are studied. This course includes an indepth study of various anemias, leukemias and other hematological and coagulation disorders. Prerequisite: Grade of C or higher in both MLT 115 and MLT 120 Competencies
 Assess laboratory safety and quality control
 Identify safety and precaution labels and signs.
 Disinfect work area.
 Wear appropriate personal protective equipment.
 Practice correct handwashing technique.
 Dispose of biohazardous waste.
 Protect self, studentpatient, and clinical patients from transmission of infectious disease.
 Perform appropriate error correction and documentation.
 Demonstrate professional conduct.
 Demonstrate interpersonal communication skills with patients, other health care professionals, and the public.
 Practice confidentiality.
 Follow written and verbal instructions.
 Demonstrate ethical time management.
 Choose workplaceappropriate clothing and jewelry.
 Recognize the responsibilities of other laboratory and health care personnel, interacting with them with respect to their jobs and patient care.
 Perform Basic Hematology Skills
 Identify proper specimen collection and transport techniques/methods.
 List types of transport containers and medias and their rationales.
 Demonstrate correct use of the microscope.
 Demonstrate good dexterity in use of hematology lab equipment.
 Perform automated cell counts.
 Perform quality control and maintenance procedures.
 Perform HCT and SRT
 Identify sources of error in HCT and SRT.
 Perform and assess manual cell counts
 Describe diluting fluid and dilution rations.
 Describe hemacytometer chambers used to perform counts.
 Calculate manual cell counts per uL and per L.
 Identify sources of error in the calculations of manual cell counts.
 Discuss cellular counts on body fluids and calculations
 Demonstrate Upperleft rule and good cell distribution on the hemacytometer.
 Perform and assess peripheral blood differentials
 State the normal number of red blood cells, white blood cells and platelets in the body.
 State basic cell structure and functions of each.
 List the five (5) main types of leukocytes found in peripheral blood and list the normal range for each type.
 Describe factors affecting acceptability of a blood smear.
 Prepare and stain manual blood smears.
 Perform cell differential counts.
 Perform Platelet and WBC estimation and correlate with automated counts.
 Identify correct objectives in performing the differential and estimates.
 Incorporate Hematopoietic theory with cell lines maturation
 Contrast the Monopoietic theory vs. the Pluripoietic theory of cell development.
 Describe the role of colonystimulating factors (CSFs) on the production of specific cell types.
 Describe the development of cells from the stem cell level to the blast form of a cell.
 List the sites of hematopoiesis from the early embryonic stage of development until fully established in adults.
 Contrast medullary hematopoiesis vs. extramedullary hematopoiesis
 Explain stages of cell maturation.
 Identify stages of cell maturation.
 Compare the nuclear characteristics and cytoplasmic features in cell maturity.
 Describe Erythrocytic Life Cycle
 Describe the production and function of erythropoietin.
 List the sites of erythropoiesis from the early embryonic stage of development until fully established in adults.
 Distinguish the various stages of erythrocyte maturation.
 State the normal number of red blood cells in the body and the lifespan of a red blood cell in days.
 Describe the function of Red Blood Cells.
 Incorporate Hemoglobin Structure, Metabolism and Degradation into the erythrocytic life cycle
 Describe the structure of the hemoglobin molecule.
 Identify normal fetal and adult hemoglobin with respect to globin chains.
 State percentages of normal hemoglobin concentrations.
 State how iron is transported through the body and stored.
 Discuss the physiological functions of hemoglobin, the oxygenhemoglobin dissociation curve and the Bohr Effect.
 Name the main organ in the body that breaks down red blood cells.
 Briefly explain extravascular and intravascular destruction of red blood cells; and, list common chemistry tests used to measure hemolysis.
 Recognize abnormal forms of hemoglobin.
 Interpret Red Blood Cell Tests and Evaluate Indicies, Morphology and Inclusions
 State the normal hemoglobin and hematocrit values, reasons for and increases and decreases and sources of error.
 State the normal value for ESR, general cause of an increased erythrocyte sedimentation rate and sources of error.
 Calculate RBC indices and correlate size and hemoglobin content.
 Apply the ‘Rule of 3.
 Correlate red cells distribution with (RDW) with anisocytosis.
 Relate reticulocyte count to bone marrow activity.
 Explain a shift reticulocyte or stress reticulocyte.
 Perform a retic stain and count.
 Explain why reticulocyte stains are considered supravital staining.
 Calculate reticulocyte counts, corrected reticulocyte count and reticulocyte production index (RPI) and know normals.
 Perform and calculate corrected WBC count.
 Classify Red blood cell morphology and describe red blood cell inclusions.
 Evaluate red cell anomalies
 Explain anemia and state morphologic classification of anemias.
 Correlate anemias with red cell indicies.
 List major characteristics of and laboratory identification of anemias and classify according to cause.
 Correlate red blood cell morphology with pathologic and nonpathologic conditions.
 Define anemia and discuss the physiologic changes occurring as result of anemia.
 Discuss symptoms of anemia in order of progressing severity.
 Evaluate Hemoglobinopathies and Thalassemias
 Explain genetic inheritance of hemoglobinopathies and thalassemias.
 Describe hemoglobinopathies with respect to the globin chain variations, peripheral blood picture, clinical effects and treatment.
 Distinguish the definitive test for Sickle Cell Anemia and the sickle cell trait from the screening tests.
 Describe unstable hemoglobin disease and describe Hereditary Persistence of Fetal Hemoglobin (HPHF).
 Differentiate the ’ and ’ Thalassemias with respect to, peripheral blood picture, clinical symptoms and treatment.
 Briefly describe Hemoglobin H and Hemoglobin Barts.
 Integrate classifications, severity, and treatment of anemias.
 Given any patient with signs of anemia, recommend an initial battery of test to be performed.
 For any suspected type of anemia, recommend additional tests useful in confirmation.
 Briefly explain the use and methodology of hemoglobin electrophoresis.
 Evaluate microcytic anemias
 List four (4) types of microcytic, hypochromic anemias.
 Compare and contrast microcytic anemias by cause and iron studies.
 Compare and contrast symptoms in microcytic anemias.
 Evaluate blood picture and view slides of microcytic anemia.
 Interpret lab tests and recommend treatment.
 Evaluate macrocytic anemias
 List at least four (4) types of macrocytic, normochromic.
 Compare and contrast macrocytic anemias by cause and nutritional studies.
 Discuss Vitamin B12 Deficiency, Folate/Folic Acid Deficiency, Pernicious Anemia and Pure Red Blood Cell Aplasia.
 Compare and contrast symptoms in macrocytic anemias.
 Evaluate blood picture and view slides of macrocytic anemia.
 State common inclusions and WBC appearance.
 Interpret lab tests and recommend treatment.
 Evaluate and categorize normocytic normochromic anemias
 List the stages of Myelodysplastic Syndromes (MDS) in order of progression.
 Classify hemolytic anemias due to intrinsic and extrinsic defects.
 Describe the Hereditary RBC membrane defects of normocytic anemias and Nonhereditary Paroxysmal Nocturnal Hemaglobinuria.
 Perform and discuss an osmotic fragility test.
 Discuss the RBC enzyme defects of Pyruvate Kinase Deficiency and Glucose6phosphate dehydrogenase Deficiency.
 Evaluate blood picture and view slides of normocytic normochromic anemias
 Compare and contrast normocytic anemias by cause and reticulocyte results.
 Interpret lab tests and recommend treatment.
 Discuss causes of microangiopathic hemolytic anemia and identify RBC morphology and lab.
 Discuss pathology of Aplastic Anemia and bone marrow expectations.
 Discuss Relative Polycythemia, Absolute Polycythemia (Secondary), and Polycythemia Vera Rubra.
 Explain why Polycythemia Vera is called a myeloproliferative disorder.
 Evaluate Granulocytic maturation and abnormalities
 Describe the developmental changes that occur in granulocytic cells as the cells mature.
 List the stages of development from most immature to most mature cell in the granulocytic series.
 State the functions of neutrophils, eosinophils and basophils.
 Distinguish absolute from relative cells counts.
 Explain why an automated WBC count is corrected for nucleated RBCs.
 Calculate the WBC count when corrected for nucleated RBCs.
 Identify immature WBC’s and NRBC’s.
 State the causes of quantitative disorders of granulocytes.
 Explain ‘left shift’.
 State the causes of quantitative disorders of granulocytes.
 Evaluate Monocytic maturation and abnormalities
 List the stages of development from most immature to most mature cell in the monocytic series.
 State the functions of monocytes.
 Calculate the absolute monocyte count and correlate with abnormality.
 State the causes of quantitative disorders of monocytes.
 State the causes, possible symptoms (if given) and lab evaluations of qualitative disorders of monocytes.
 List traits and cell morphology in infectious mononucleosis.
 Perform differential and identify immature monocytes.
 Evaluate lymphoid maturation and abnormalities
 List the stages of development from most immature to most mature cell in the lymphoid series.
 Describe reactive lymphocytes, and when they might be found on a blood smear.
 State where T lymphs and B lymphs are produced.
 State the functions of T lymphs and B lymphs.
 State the causes and laboratory evaluation of quantitative disorders of lymphocytes.
 State the causes of qualitative disorders of lymphocytes.
 Name the cell that is considered to be the same cell as a plasma cell.
 State the causes and laboratory evaluation of an increase in plasma cells.
 State the causes and laboratory evaluation of qualitative disorders of plasma cells.
 Perform differential and identify immature lymphocytes or plasma cells.
 Assess cytochemical stains (cytochemistry)
 Explain what types of specimens and fixatives are acceptable for cytochemical studies.
 State where the enzyme, terminal deoxynucleotidyl transferase (TdT), is commonly found, as well as when it is a useful lab test.
 Suggest additional stains in identifying cells.
 Categorize and evaluate Leukemias
 Classify leukemias with respect to cell age and cell type.
 List characteristics of acute leukemias.
 List characteristics of chronic leukemias.
 State the frequency, symptoms and prognosis of ALL, AML, CLL, CML.
 List the FAB classification of ALL and AML.
 Define the M:E ratio; and, state the normal value.
 Define absolute leukocytosis.
 State the frequency, symptoms, prognosis, blood picture, bone marrow picture and special identifying characteristics of Hairy Cell Leukemia.
 Explain why CML is a myeloproliferative disorder.
 Differentiate CML from a leukemoid reaction.
 Perform differentials of leukemias and identify key characteristics of each category.
 Categorize and evaluate the Myelodysplastic and Myeloproliferative Disorders
 List the general cause of myelodysplastic syndromes (MDS).
 Describe the five stages of the FAB classification of the MDS.
 List four myeloproliferative disorders (MPD).
 Describe the symptoms, lab results and treatment of the MPD’s.
 Categorize and evaluate the lymphoproliferative Disorders
 Describe the incidence, symptoms, cause and lab results for Hodgkin’s Lymphoma.
 State the feature present on the peripheral blood smear used to diagnose Hodgkin’s Lymphoma.
 Briefly describe the four histologic (Rye) classifications of Hodgkin’s Lymphoma.
 Briefly describe the incidence, symptoms, cause and lab results for NonHodgkin’s Lymphoma.
 Differentiate the Internal Working Formulation classifications.
 Describe the incidence, symptoms, cause and lab results for Sézary Syndrome/Mycosis fungoides.
 Describe the incidence, symptoms, cause and lab results for the plasma cell dyscrasias.
 Perform differentials of lymphoproliferative Disorders and identify key characteristics of each category.
 Perform automation and explain methodologies of automated differentials and cell counts
 Explain why an automated WBC count is corrected for nucleated RBCs.
 State the purpose of a histogram.
 Explain the term “shift to the left” as it relates to the WBC histogram.
 State the purpose of the red cell distribution width (RDW), the reference range, and when it may be increased.
 Explain the mean platelet volume (MPV), expected results, and when it may be increased on decreased.
 Recognize specified areas of cytograms or scattergrams covered in class, and interpret normal and abnormal results.
 Recognize a “flag” on a printout of automated results.
 Perform daily quality control (QC) on the automated cell counter.
 Discuss Hemostasis process
 List and briefly describe the four (4) systems involved in hemostasis.
 State and briefly describe the four (4) functions of platelets in hemostasis.
 State the roles of plasminogen and plasmin in hemostasis.
 Assess Platelet Maturation, function and Disorders
 List the maturation sequence for platelets.
 State the length of time platelets circulate in the blood (in vivo).
 State the length of time platelets can survive outside of the body (in vitro).
 State the normal range for a platelet count.
 Discuss causes of qualitative and quantitative Platelet disorders.
 Differentiate immune thrombocytopenia from nonimmune thrombocytopenia.
 Contrast acute ITP from chronic ITP.
 Distinguish between primary thrombocytosis, secondary thrombocytosis, and thrombocytosis as a myeloproliferative disorder.
 Differentiate between BernardSoulier Syndrome and Glanzmann’s Thrombasthernia.
 Name the coagulation screening test that tests platelet function.
 Compare and contrast between the coagulation factors
 List the coagulation factors by name and number.
 List the coagulation factors in the intrinsic, extrinsic and common pathways.
 Demonstrate which factors are missing and present in fresh plasma, aged plasma, adsorbed plasma, serum and adsorbed serum.
 State which factors are lost in storage.
 State which factors are Vitamin K dependent.
 State which factors are used up in coagulation.
 Demonstrate coagulation mixing studies.
 Name two adsorbing salts.
 Name the coagulation screening test that evaluates function of the extrinsic, intrinsic and common pathways.
 Name the drug(s) the PT test monitors and the PTT test monitors.
 Perform Pt and PTT tests.
 Evaluate Fibrinolysis system
 State the roles of plasminogen and plasmin in hemostasis.
 Briefly describe and diagram the fibrinolytic mechanism.
 Describe how and from what fibrinogen degradation products (FDPs) are formed.
 List common plasminogen activators and inhibitors and state their general role.
 Differentiate between hypofibrinolysis and hyperfibrinolysis, and state causes for each.
 Categorize Hemostasis Laboratory Tests
 State the most common anticoagulant for blood specimens collected for coagulation tests and the ratio for blood to anticoagulant.
 Calculate to correct for the anticoagulant volume.
 State the principle, purpose, normal values and abnormal values for vasoconstriction.
 State the principle, purpose, normal values and abnormal values for tests of platelet Adhesion and Aggregation.
 State the principle, purpose, normal values and abnormal values for tests of coagulation factors.
 State the principle, purpose, normal values and abnormal values for tests of fibrinogen.
 State the principle, purpose, normal values and abnormal values for tests of Ddimers.
 State the principle, purpose, normal values and abnormal values for tests of Plasminogen.
 State the principle, purpose, normal values and abnormal values for tests of Circulating and Lupus Anticoagulants.
 Perform semiautomated and automated PT and PTTs.
 Calculate the International Normalized Ration(INR).
 Perform Ddimers.
 Compare and contrast Hereditary Coagulation disorders
 State the mode of inheritance, alternate name (if any), cause, symptoms, lab results, special diagnostic lab tests performed and treatment for hereditary coagulation disorders.
 Differentiate Hemophilia A from von Willebrand’s disease.
 State the mode of inheritance, alternate name (if any), cause, symptoms, lab results, special diagnostic lab tests performed and treatment for factor deficiencies.
 Contrast Afibrinogenemia, Hypofibrinogenemia and Dysfibrinogenemia.
 Evaluate Consumptive coagulation disorders
 List four (4) main reason for acquired factor deficiencies.
 Describe Disseminated Intravascular Coagulation (DIC) with Secondary Fibrinolysis, DIC only (Chronic DIC), and Primary Fibrinolysis.
 Explain why DIC with Secondary Fibrinolysis is lifethreatening and difficult to manage.
 Describe common causes, consumption of factors and platelets, presence of fibrin, lab results blood picture and treatment for acute DIC (or DIC with Secondary Fibrinolysis).
 Differentiate Chronic DIC from DIC with Secondary Fibrinolysis (acute DIC).
 State the cause, physiology, lab results and treatment of Primary Fibrinolysis (Hyperfibrinolysis).
 Evaluate Decreased Production, Circulating Anticoagulants and Massive Transfusions and appropriate treatments in coagulation disorders
 List three (3) reasons for a decreased production of factors leading to acquired factor deficiencies.
 Correlate PT, PTT, fibrinogen, TT and platelet count with liver diseases.
 State the lab results in renal diseases for the following tests: PT, APTT, fibrinogen, TT, platelet count, FDP.
 List at least three (3) causes of acquired Vitamin K deficiency.
 State when a circulating anticoagulant is suspected.
 Describe the lupus anticoagulant.
 Briefly explain why receiving massive blood or blood product transfusions can lead to factor deficiencies.
 State the four (4) goals of treating coagulation disorders.
 List “pro’s” and “con’s” of components used to treat coagulation disorders.
 Differentiate between factor deficiencies and circulating anticoagulants.
 Interpret data provided in case studies, including mixing studies.
 Demonstrate judgment and decision making skills
 Analyze laboratory findings to recognize common procedural and technical problems.
 Evaluate laboratory findings to take corrective action according to predetermined criteria.



MLT 242  Clinical Chemistry Credits: 8 Lecture Hours: 6 Lab Hours: 4 Practicum Hours: 0 Work Experience: 0 Course Type: Open Study and analysis of electrolytes, proteins, lipids, enzymes, hormones, drugs and various other biochemical compounds found in the human body. Test results are correlated with patients’ conditions. Laboratory math, statistics and quality control are presented. Prerequisite: Grade of C or better in MLT 115 and MLT 120 . Successful completion of the following courses: BIO 164 or equivalent; CHM 122 or equivalent and CHM 132 or equivalent Competencies
 Assess laboratory safety and quality control.
 Identify safety and precaution labels and signs.
 Disinfect work area.
 Wear appropriate personal protective equipment.
 Practice correct handwashing technique.
 Dispose of biohazardous waste.
 Protect self, studentpatient, and clinical patients from transmission of infectious disease.
 Perform appropriate error correction and documentation.
 Determine factors that affect procedures and results.
 Demonstrate professional conduct.
 Demonstrate interpersonal communication skills with patients, other health care professionals, and the public.
 Practice confidentiality.
 Follow written and verbal instructions.
 Demonstrate ethical time management.
 Choose workplaceappropriate clothing and jewelry.
 Recognize the responsibilities of other laboratory and health care personnel, interacting with them with respect to their jobs and patient care.
 Demonstrate workplace basic skills of listening, writing, leadership, and time management.
 Practice written and oral communication skills.
 Create a team atmosphere in laboratory functions.
 Evaluate proper specimen collection and transport.
 List types of transport tubes and preservatives.
 List special transport conditions
 State rationale for each type
 Identify criteria for specimen collection.
 Choose laboratory equipment typical of the clinical chemistry area.
 Perform pipetting.
 Demonstrate good dexterity in use of clinical laboratory equipment.
 Follow procedure.
 Prepare reagents and controls for tests.
 Calibrate instruments to perform tests.
 Perform laboratory math.
 Convert units for laboratory values.
 Convert temperatures from one to another using Fahrenheit, Celsius and Kelvin.
 Prepare solutions of a given molarity.
 Perform calculations using molarity, normality, percent weight/volume, and percent volume/volume.
 Calculate the dilution facto(s) for simple and serial dilution schemes.
 Perform simple, serial and doubling dilutions.
 Calculate results from supplied data.
 Calculate results from obtained data.
 Compare and contrast instrumentation methods.
 Compare four basic categories of measurement technics with examples of methods for each category.
 Describe the principle of various lab instrumentation.
 Perform Spectrophotometry.
 Describe the principle of absorbance spectrophotometry and define Beer’s law.
 Name the observed colors of visible spectrum and the corresponding wavelenths.
 Graph standard curve as absorbance and transmittance.
 Calculate concentration using Beer’s Law.
 Given lab exercise correctly use spectrophotometer by setting wavelength and identifying transmittance and absorption.
 Evaluate Quality Assurance in daily laboratory functions.
 Define the Key terms for Quality Control and Quality Assurance.
 Define calibration, linearity, and control parameters.
 List possible sources of error and differentiate between random error and systemic error.
 State methods used to obtain patient reference ranges.
 Evaluate findings and clinical data to asses test results and procedures.
 Evaluate laboratory findings and quality control data to assess test results and procedures.
 Calculate the mean, standard deviation and coefficient of variation.
 Differentiate between specificity and sensitivity.
 Evaluate the statistical significance of accuracy and precision.
 Prepare LeveyJennings and quality control charts.
 State what percentages are associated with 1SD, 2SD and 3SD in a normal frequency curve.
 Recognize Westgaard’s Rules on controls, and state when a run should be rejected.
 Demonstrate judgment and decision making skills.
 Analyze laboratory findings to recognize common procedural and technical problems.
 Evaluate laboratory findings to take corrective action according to predetermined criteria.
 Analyze laboratory findings to check for sources of error.
 Evaluate laboratory findings to recognize and report the need for additional testing.
 Categorize Lab Operations.
 Discuss regulatory agencies and their impact on lab operations.
 Recognize common lab information system formats and uses.
 Differentiate between internal and external quality assurance and give examples of each.
 Define sources of error as preanalytical, analytical, or postanalytical.
 State methods used to obtain patient reference ranges.
 Asses water balance and osmolarity.
 Describe how water balance is maintained in the body including negative and positive water balances.
 Define a situation where there would be an increased or decreased osmolality, and describe the body’s compensation for it.
 Discuss the influences of water and mineral metabolism on the pH and electrolyte balance in the body.
 Define a situation where there would be an increased osmolality, and describe the body’s compensation for it.
 Define a situation where there would be a decreased osmolality, and describe the body’s compensation for it.
 Given the concentration of sodium, glucose and blood urea nitrogen, calculate the osmolality.
 Describe principles and perform osmometry
 Asses Electrolytes and anion gap.
 Discuss the principle of tests used to measure electrolytes.
 Identify the primary extracellular cation and the primary extracellular cation.
 Identify the electrolyte that plays a major role in the regulation of water balance.
 State how hemolysis affects the potassium concentration.
 Identify major functions of the following electrolytes: sodium, potassium and chloride.
 Define chloride shift and discuss the mechanisms involved.
 Recognize the reference ranges for sodium, potassium and chloride.
 For each of the main electrolytes (sodium, potassium and chloride), list conditions in which there would be an increase or decrease in the electrolyte.
 List conditions in which there would be an increase or decrease in the anion gap.
 State the principles of the tests used to measure sodium, potassium and chloride.
 Describe the condition of cystic fibrosis and state the methods of lab evaluation.
 Evaluate Blood Gasses.
 Contrast acids and bases in terms of pH and hydrogen ions.
 Mathematically define pH.
 State the body’s major buffering systems and describe their function.
 Write the HendersonHasselbalch equation.
 State the normal ratio of carbonic acid to bicarbonate.
 Describe how CO2 is eliminated from the body.
 Describe the significance of the hemoglobinoxygen dissociation curve
 Define a left shift and right shift on the hemoglobinoxygen dissociation curve.
 Discuss methodology and instrumentation for performing blood gas determinations.
 Describe the patient conditions and compensatory mechanisms.
 List normal values of pH, PCO2, pO2, and Bicarbonate, and recognize sources of error.
 Evaluate Body fluids.
 Identify the source, physiologic purpose and clinical use of testing of body fluids.
 Differentiate between and transudate and an exudate.
 Discuss the diagnostic use for gastric analysis.
 Discuss amniotic fluid function and testing.
 State lab methods for evaluating Body fluids and correlate lab values to common disorders or conditions.
 Incorporate kidney structure and function with tests of Renal disease and disorders.
 Identify the anatomy of the kidney.
 List main renal functions.
 Describe the process of glomerular filtration and concentration of urine with conservation of water and salt.
 Describe the different hormonal processes that promote the concentration of urine and conservation of water and salt.
 State conditions in which an increased or decreased osmolality is seen and compensatory mechanisms.
 State the principle of the test, reference ranges, and significance of abnormal values for renal tests.
 Discuss the metabolism of Creatinine, BUN, and uric acid.
 List prerenal, renal and postrenal causes of acute/chronic renal failure.
 Discuss EPO and its role in renal diseases.
 Identify methodology and reference ranges for microalbumin and explain its relationship to protein/creatinine ratio in diabetes.
 Perform creatinine, blood urea nitrogen (BUN), and uric acid procedures, calculate the creatinine clearance, corrected creatinine clearance, and give significance.
 Match each test to the appropriate methodology.
 Explain enzyme theory.
 Discuss the equation: E+ S « ES « P + E.
 Classify enzymes according structure and the International Union of Biochemistry (IUB).
 Recognize the MichaelisMenton calculation.
 Discuss the different factors affecting the rate of an enzymatic reaction.
 Discuss zeroorder kinetics.
 Explain how enzymes are used to evaluate body function.
 Discuss the effect of cofactors, activators, inhibitors and coenzymes on reactions.
 Describe specimen collection for tests of enzyme analysis.
 Describe enzymatic methods differentiating between fixed time assays and continuous monitoring assays.
 Perform enzyme methods.
 Define international unit of enzyme activity.
 Describe the functions and assesment of the liver.
 List metabolic functions of the liver.
 Discuss the basic disorders of the liver and what laboratory tests may be performed to diagnose them.
 Outline the formation and catabolism of bilirubin.
 State the normal values for total bilirubin, conjugated bilirubin and unconjugated bilirubin.
 Explain the principle of bilirubin tests.
 Describe the disorders of hyperbilirubinemia.
 Calculate Bilirubin values using T Bilirubin, Conjugated, and Uncojugated.
 Perform and explain the principles and reference ranges for liver enzymes.
 Recognize source of error.
 Differentiate the various types of Hepatitis.
 Evaluate Porphyrins, Iron, and Myoglobin in associated disease and disorders.
 Outline the biochemical pathway of porphyrin and heme synthesis.
 Correlate the porphyrin disease states with clinical laboratory data.
 Discuss the structure and clinical significance of myoglobin in the body.
 List the physiological functions of iron and describe its absorption and transport in the body.
 Describe changes in the analytes: ferritin, serum iron, and IBC in correlation with pathological conditions.
 Asses Proteins and Amino Acids in function and associated disorders.
 List functions of proteins.
 Name the primary and secondary sites of synthesis of proteins.
 List normal values and sources of error in protein measurements.
 Describe the principle of electrophoresis.
 List the five (5) main categories (or bands) on cellulose agarose gel using electrophoretic methods.
 Identify the bands of protein separated in protein electrophoresis.
 Discuss general causes of abnormal serum protein concentrations and aminoapathies.
 Describe and compare methodologies used in the analysis of total protein and albumin.
 Differentiate the types of proteinuria and describe methods of identification.
 Describe the diseases associated with alterations in cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) proteins.
 Perform albumin and total serum proteins.
 Compare and Contrast Cardiac and Muscle diseases.
 Discuss myocardial infarction and the events of acute coronary syndrome.
 List proteins and enzymes that are routinely measured in serum to assess myocardial disease, and state the time periods for the expected enzyme elevations following myocardial infarction.
 List proteins and enzymes that are routinely measured to assess striated muscle tissue damage.
 Recognize reference ranges and test methodology for cardiac markers
 Calculate a CK relative index.
 Describe the use of BNP in CHF.
 Discuss reperfusion and the role of thrombolytic agents in treating MI patients.
 Recognize normal and abnormal LDH isoenzyme patterns.
 Describe the mechanisms of plaque formation in arteries.
 Discuss causes and symptoms of other cardiac disorders.
 Perform CK and LD tests
 Recognize appropriate specimens for cardiac markers and time intervals.
 Evaluate the metabolism of Lipids and relationship to disease and disorders.
 List the four (4) major classifications of lipoproteins and state the main constituent of each of the four (4) major classifications of lipoproteins.
 Explain briefly the metabolism of lipids including absorption, esterification, transport, and storage.
 List the four (4) major classifications of lipoproteins from smallest to largest, and from the most dense to least dense.
 Describe how lipids are transported in both the endogenous and exogenous pathways.
 State the desirable, borderline and high risk ranges for lipoproteins.
 List instances in which an increased or decreased concentration lipids will be found.
 Discuss the incidence and types of lipid and lipoprotein abnormalities.
 Explain principle of cholesterol procedures including sources of error and normal values.
 Perform cholesterol, HDL, LDL procedures and calculation.
 Discuss chemical analysis of cerebrospinal fluid and other body fluids and secretions.
 Describe the formation and function of Cerebrospinal fluid and other body fluids and secretions.
 Discuss the diagnostic use for gastric analysis.
 Differentiate between transudates and exudates and list two tests performed on the each.
 Discuss amniotic fluid function and testing.
 Describe clinical toxicology.
 List the functions of a toxicology lab
 Explain pharmokinetics.
 Explain the reason for therapeutic drug monitoring (TDM).
 Describe the principles of immunologic, chromatography and spectrophotometric techniques.
 Discuss disorders of carbohydrate metabolism.
 Explain normal carbohydrate metabolism.
 Describe the roles of insulin, glucagon, epinephrine, cortisol, somatotropin, thyroxine and growth hormone in regulating extracellular glucose concentration.
 List diseases associated with hyperglycemia and hypoglycemia.
 Name main ketones; list those normally found in blood.
 Provide examples of “fasting” and “reactive” hypoglycemia.
 Briefly describe diabetes insipidus.
 State the reference range for a fasting blood glucose level.
 Perform chemical and enzymatic glucose procedures.
 Perform analysis of glycosylated hemoglobin.
 State the diagnostic importance, patient preparation, procedure, and normal and abnormal values of the glucose tolerance test.
 Describe the other glucose tests: urine glucose, twohour postprandial and glycosylated hemoglobin.
 Assess Pancreatic and GI functions and lab tests.
 Describe the anatomy of pancreas and characterize the endocrine and exocrine functions.
 List the major disease groups and correlate them with lab measurements.
 Outline the functions and anatomy of a normal digestive tract.
 List major pathological conditions and causes for these conditions.
 Describe diagnostic tests used for diagnosis of GI pathological conditions.
 Recognize reference ranges and methodologies for amylase and lipase.
 Preform amylase and lipase test.
 Evaluate Bone Disease and lab results.
 List three (3) forms of plasma calcium.
 Describe calcium regulation.
 List three (3) organs that play a major role in calcium regulation.
 List three (3) hormones that play a major role in calcium regulation.
 List the normal values, causes for decreased values and causes for increased values for calcium phosphate and magnesium.
 Discuss the relationship between alkaline phosphatase (ALP), calcium and phosphate and bone disorders.
 Correlate laboratory results for the trace elements, hormones and enzymes with osteoporosis, osteomalacia, Rickets and Paget’s disease.
 Perform Calcium, Phosphorous and Magnesium.
 Discuss Trace elements and vitamins.
 List the trace elements and state their clinical significance.
 Discuss serum iron, total iron binding capacity, ferritin and transferrin.
 Relate the tests that can be used to evaluate iron status.
 Discuss iron deficiency disorders.
 Correlate the disease state or patient status with a trace element excess or deficit.
 Perform Iron and calculate TIBC.
 List the biochemical parameters used to monitor nutritional status.
 Recognize reference ranges and methodologies for nutritional markers.
 Categorize Endocrinology and Thyroid Function with Target organs and lab results.
 State the functions of the endocrine system.
 Describe the location of the major hormones produced endocrine glands.
 List sources, functions and targets of assigned hormones.
 Discuss the difference between primary and secondary hormone disorders.
 Explain the mechanism of hormone action and control.
 Relate the expected laboratory results associated with disease states.
 Discuss the laboratory evaluation of infertility.
 Evaluate Cancers by their Tumor markers.
 Describe an ideal tumor marker.
 List commonly used chemical and cellular markers. State their clinical significance.
 Recognize methodologies for performing tumor markers.
 Structure toxicology by class, method and antidote.
 Explain the purpose of drug screening and pharmacokinetics.
 Name the classes and examples of drugs.
 Name some of the antidotes used in drugoverdose management.
 Discuss the difference between qualitative and quantitative tests in toxicology.
 Perform and explain procedure for multiple drug screening for trauma.
 Perform and explain procedure for alcohol method.
 Describe clinical therapeutic drug monitoring(TDM).
 Explain pharmokinetics.
 Explain the reason for therapeutic drug monitoring (TDM).
 Describe three (3) routes of drug administration and the disposition of a drug in the body.
 Describe firstpass elimination.
 Describe the various drug classification.
 Relate when peak and trough drug levels should be drawn.
 Describe the principles of immunologic and spectrophotometric techniques.



MLT 251  Clinical Microbiology Credits: 6 Lecture Hours: 4 Lab Hours: 4 Practicum Hours: 0 Work Experience: 0 Course Type: Open A study of clinically important microorganisms. Students learn and practice techniques used to isolate and identify pathogenic bacteria, parasites and fungi. Prerequisite: Grade of C or higher in MLT 115 and MLT 120 . Successful completion of the following courses: BIO 164 or equivalent; BIO 732 or equivalent; CHM 122 or equivalent and CHM 132 or equivalent Competencies
 Assess laboratory safety and quality control.
 Identify safety and precaution labels and signs.
 Disinfect work area.
 Wear appropriate personal protective equipment (PPE).
 Practice correct handwashing technique.
 Dispose of biohazardous waste.
 Protect self, studentpatient, and clinical patients from transmission of infectious disease.
 Perform appropriate error correction and documentation.
 Identify government agencies regulating laboratory results.
 Explain the use of quality control in the lab.
 Determine factors that affect procedures and results.
 Practice sterile technique.
 Explain the difference between sterilization and disinfection; and, provide examples of physical and chemical methods of both.
 Differentiate among the biohazard safety levels.
 State the principle of an autoclave and state the standards (temperature, psi, time) for decontamination of most microbiological materials.
 Operate the biological safety cabinet (hood).
 Evaluate specimen collection and processing.
 List types of transport containers and media, and their rationales.
 Identify criteria for specimen collection based on body site.
 Determine acceptability of a specimen for culturing; and, select corrective action if specimen is unacceptable.
 Calculate a colony count for a urine specimen.
 Define the Bartlett classification for sputum specimens.
 Differentiate among the following types of media: nonselective, differential, broths, selective, antibiotic; and provide examples of each.
 State the purpose for commonlyused plating media.
 Select appropriate media for plating when given a specimen from a specific body site.
 Demonstrate proper platestreaking techniques for a given specimen.
 Accurately identify the types of hemolysis shown on 5% sheep blood agar.
 Describe how specimen alterations, inoculation; and incubation temperature, atmosphere and length affect growth on media.
 Differentiate obligate aerobe, facultative aerobe, microaerobe, obligate anaerobe, and capnophile.
 Perform microscopic examination of infected materials.
 State the purpose of direct methods of examination: saline mount, iodine mount, potassium hydroxide, and India ink.
 Prepare smears from the following sources: swab, clear liquid, nonviscous fluids, granular material (e.g., tissue or bone).
 State the purpose of centrifuging nonviscous fluid prior to preparing a smear.
 Name the stains used to stain Mycobacterium.
 Differentiate among staining methods: Gram stain, Fluorescent, Kinyoun, Calcafluor white, Lactophenyl blue, antibodyconjugated.
 Perform Gram staining procedure.
 List examples of Gram positive and Gram negative cocci and bacilli.
 Identify Gram positive and Gram negative organisms, bacterial morphology, cells, and artifacts.
 Examine colony morphology.
 Explain the reason growth of an organism on several plates is compared to one another, as well as to an initial Gram stain.
 List the colony characteristics that are used for differentiation of microorganisms.
 Correlate growth on plates with Gram stain results.
 Describe growth on plates with regard to size, color, amount, and special selective or differentiating characteristics (lactose/nonlactose fermenter, Gram positive on CNA, Gram negative on MAC, etc.).
 Relate colony morphology to organism identification
 Identify normal and pathogenic growth based on specimen site.
 Discuss how a Clinical Microbiologist determines the final identification of an organism.
 Perform organism identification of Gram positive cocci, Gram negative cocci, Gram negative bacilli (fermenters and nonfermenters), Gram positive bacilli, and anaerobic organisms.
 State Gram stain morphology of organism.
 List media used to isolate organism.
 Correlate growth on media with organism.
 Select appropriate followup testing.
 Perform and interpret biochemical tests, including kits and multitest systems.
 Discuss automated identification methods.
 Differentiate among species of an organism.
 Identify unknown organisms.
 Correlate microorganism with related diseases or infections.
 Differentiate true pathogens from opportunistic pathogens.
 List examples of direct and indirect routes of infection.
 Define nosocomial infection; and, state examples of each type: communityacquired, endogenous, exogenous.
 Discuss signs of microbial infections, as well as laboratory procedures that are used to identify infectious disease.
 List the clinically significant species of organisms; and, state epidemiology of each.
 List and describe both common and severe infections caused by specific organisms.
 Relate organism identification to body site.
 Define normal flora and discuss its role in the: mouth/oral cavity, nasopharynx, stomach and small intestines, and colon.
 Distinguish between sterile and nonsterile sites; and, list normal flora found in nonsterile sites.
 Describe how the presence or absence of normal flora impacts interpretation of lab results.
 List pathogens associated with body sites.
 List diseases that are acquired by adults, children, and neonates; and, discuss modes of transmission diagnosis and treatment.
 Evaluate susceptibility testing.
 List considerations when selecting antimicrobial agents.
 Differentiate between bacteriocidal and bacteriostatic antimicrobials, and provide examples of each.
 Differentiate between narrowspectrum and broadspectrum antimicrobials, and provide examples of each.
 Define the minimum bacteriocidal concentration (MBC) and minimum inhibitory concentration (MIC).
 Perform titrations of antibiotics to determine the MIC and MBC.
 Discuss susceptibility testing using principles of immunology, serology, and automation.
 Explain the role of betalactamase in the treatment of various bacterial infections.
 Describe the mode of action and list examples of common antimicrobials.
 Describe autonomous, antagonistic, additive, and synergistic antimicrobial reactions.
 Discuss the KirbyBauer disk diffusion method.
 Explain the serum bacteriocidal test and its use in treatment.
 Differentiate between peak and trough levels as they pertain to therapeutic drug monitoring.
 Discuss clinicallysignificant spirochetes.
 State the etiology of Syphilis, Yaws, Pinta, Lyme Disease, Relapsing Fever, Leptospirosis.
 List and describe the stages of syphilis.
 Compare and contrast treponemal and nontreponemal tests for syphilis.
 Discuss the symptoms and treatment of Lyme Disease.
 Assess viruses clinicallysignificant to humans.
 Explain the infection process of viruses.
 Differentiate viruses based on structure, nucleic acid composition, and special characteristics.
 Describe collection, processing and transport of specimens for viral testing.
 Describe methods of viral detection.
 Discuss the important characteristics, route of infection, and identification of viruses.
 State the structure of the Human Immunodeficiency Virus (HIV).
 State immunologic markers of Acquired Immunodeficiency Syndrome (AIDS).
 List common opportunistic infections seen in patients AIDS.
 Perform testing for viruses.
 Evaluate mycobacteria.
 Define acidfast bacilli (AFB) and state why mycobacteria are considered acidfast.
 List general characteristics of mycobacteria.
 List species of Mycobacterium in the Tuberculosis complex.
 Define MOTT; and, list common species of Mycobacterium that are included in this group.
 Describe specimen collection, decontamination, digestion, and concentration of mycobacteria.
 Recall common media and special requirements for isolating mycobacteria.
 Describe methods of direct examination and identification of mycobacteria.
 Differentiate among the Runyon classification of mycobacteria; and, name common species found in each category.
 Describe the etiology, symptoms, infections, laboratory identification, and treatment of Mycobacterium tuberculosis and other clinicallysignificant Mycobacterium species.
 Describe the purified protein derivative (PPD) test.
 Observe acid fast smears.
 Discuss medicallyimportant parasites.
 Discuss etiology and clinical significance of parasites.
 Identify stages in the malarial life cycle.
 Identify collection, transport, and processing of specimens for ova and parasite testing.
 Identify clinicallysignificant parasites.
 Describe methods of direct examination of parasites.
 Differentiate among Protozoa, Nemotodes, Cestodes, and Trematodes.
 Differentiate cysts and trophozoites (trophs).
 Assess clinical manifestations of human mycoses.
 Describe specimen collection and transport.
 Discuss the clinical laboratory’s approach to diagnosis of fungal infections.
 Describe macroscopic and microscopic characteristics of clinicallysignificant mycotic organisms.
 Identify clinicallysignificant mycotic organisms.
 Correlate mycotic organisms with disease states (mycoses).
 Differentiate between yeast and mold phases.
 Define dimorphic fungi.
 Identify mycelium, conidia, macroconidia, microconidia, and blastoconidia.
 Demonstrate professional conduct.
 Demonstrate interpersonal communication skills with patients, other health care professionals, and the public.
 Practice confidentiality.
 Follow written and verbal instructions.
 Demonstrate ethical time management.
 Choose workplaceappropriate clothing and jewelry.
 Recognize the responsibilities of other laboratory and health care personnel, interacting with them with respect to their jobs and patient care.
 Recognize the need for continuing education as a function of growth and maintenance of professional competence.
 Maintain professional growth and competence through involvement in continuing education.
 Demonstrate workplace basic skills of listening, writing, leadership, and time management.
 Practice written and oral communication skills.
 Create a team atmosphere in laboratory functions.
 Demonstrate judgment and decision making skills.
 Analyze laboratory findings to recognize common procedural and technical problems.
 Perform corrective action.
 Check for sources of error.
 Evaluate laboratory findings to recognize and report the need for additional testing.



MLT 261  Immunohematology Credits: 5 Lecture Hours: 3 Lab Hours: 4 Practicum Hours: 0 Work Experience: 0 Course Type: Open Principles of immunohematology with the practices of blood banking are presented. ABO grouping, Rh typing and transfusion testing procedures are performed. Blood group antigens and antibodies are studied. Prerequisite: Grade of C or better in MLT 232 ; MLT 270 must be taken prior to or concurrently & Serology must be taken prior to or concurrently with MLT 261. Successful completion of the following courses: BIO 164 or equivalent; BIO 732 or equivalent; CHM 132 or equivalent Competencies
 Apply genetics to blood banking.
 Define genotype, phenotype, dominant, recessive, codominant, amorph, and haplotype.
 State the Mendelian Laws.
 State the reason most blood groups are considered codominant.
 Determine an individual’s possible genotype and phenotype.
 Describe the dosage effect, including single dose and double dose genes and antigens, and explain its significance in testing.
 Differentiate direct exclusion, indirect exclusion, and nonexclusion in paternity testing.
 Explain gene linkage and haplotypes relating to blood groups system alleles.
 Select screening cells homozygous and heterozygous for various antigens.
 Evaluate basic principles of immunology in blood banking.
 Describe the type of immune response associated with blood banking.
 Distinguish in vivo antigenantibody reactions from in vitro antigenantibody reactions.
 Name the two stages in agglutination; and, list and describe factors affecting those stages.
 Describe the different enhancement media used in antibody detection.
 Describe complementmediated antigenantibody reactions and hemolysins.
 Describe the principle of the antiglobulin test and how antihuman globulin is produced.
 Name the two major components of polyspecific antihuman globulin.
 List the different antiglobulin reagents used in the blood bank.
 Discuss the test methodology and application for direct and indirect antiglobulin testing.
 List causes of a positive direct antiglobulin test (DAT) and the mechanisms responsible.
 Demonstrate basic immunologic techniques.
 Make an accurate and estimated 4% suspension of red blood cells.
 Manually wash red blood cells.
 Perform antigenantibody testing.
 Interpret various strengths of positive reactions, negative reactions, and mixed field reactions.
 Perform indirect and direct antiglobulin testing.
 Assess the ABO (ABH) blood group system.
 State Landsteiner’s Rule.
 Explain the inheritance and frequencies of the ABO blood groups.
 Discuss the biochemistry of the A, B, and H genes and how they relate to Lewis and Secretor genes and antigens.
 Describe the antigens and antibodies of the ABH system (A, B, H, antiA, B, H), as well as development of antibodies, immunoglobulin class and clinical significance.
 State the reason the ABO group is considered the most significant blood group, and why blood groups must be matched for transfusion.
 Explain the Bombay phenotype, including: genetics, antigens on red blood cells, antibodies in serum, and transfusion options.
 Discuss subgroups of A, and acquired A and Blike antigens.
 Name which ABO blood group is considered the universal donor and which is considered the universal recipient.
 Describe the selection of ABOcompatible red blood cells.
 Define typeswitching; and list the rationales.
 Perform and interpret forward and reverse ABO grouping.
 Resolve ABO discrepancies.
 Examine the Rh blood group system.
 Explain the FisherRace and current (ISBT) Rh nomenclatures and the applicable genetic theory.
 Discuss the common Rh antibodies (AntiD, C, E, c, e) specifically to include: immunoglobulin class, phase of reactivity, usual form of stimulation, inability to bind complement and clinical significance.
 Explain the weak D phenotype, including clinical significance in donors and recipients.
 Perform and interpret Rh (D) typing.
 Perform ABORh testing.
 Assess the other major blood groups: Kell, Kidd, Duffy, MNS, P, Lutheran, and I.
 Discuss the antigens of each blood group with regard to development, immunogenicity and frequency.
 Summarize the antibodies of each blood group to include: immunoglobulin class, phase of reactivity, and clinical significance.
 Identify special characteristics and clinical significance for each blood group.
 Perform antibody identification.
 Define unexpected antibodies.
 Describe antibody identification techniques, including the use of enhancement methods.
 State the three rules of antibody identification, as well as exceptions to the rules.
 Interpret single and multiple specificity antibody panels utilizing the elimination method.
 Discuss the auto control test and its significance in antibody identification.
 Discuss the use of selected cells (or selected cell panels).
 Summarize adsorption and elution techniques.
 Select blood for a recipient with one or more antibodies and calculate the number of unit of blood that must be screened.
 Perform antigen testing.
 Discuss and/or perform techniques used in the detection and identification of various warm and cold antibodies.
 Discuss and/or perform techniques used in the detection and identification of antiI, i, and IH including the use of adult cells, cord cells and the prewarming technique.
 Perform compatibility testing.
 List the information that MUST appear on transfusion request forms and patient samples.
 Describe pretransfusion compatibility testing procedures, including: positive identification of recipient and sample, review of patient history, ABO and Rh testing, appropriate selection of blood components, antibody detection, routine crossmatch procedures, labeling and issuing blood components.
 Differentiate between a major and minor crossmatch.
 Explain the expected outcomes of a crossmatch, as well as what a crossmatch cannot detect or do.
 Distinguish among immediate spin, antiglobulin, and electronic crossmatches.
 Discuss release of blood in emergency situations, massive transfusions and neonatal transfusions.
 Discuss nontype specific transfusion including selection of blood type for various products.
 Select blood for a recipient with one or more antibodies and perform crossmatching.
 Evaluate donor blood collection, testing, and component preparation.
 Discuss donor selection criteria.
 Summarize the miniphysical; and, state acceptable ranges for donor regarding hemoglobin or hematocrit level, pulse, blood pressure, and temperature.
 Describe donor phlebotomy technique including preparation of site, method of collection and amount collected.
 State the purpose of confidential donor selfexclusion.
 Contrast autologous from allogeneic blood donations.
 Summarize apheresis donations with respect to donor selection and products.
 List the tests that must be performed on allogeneic donor blood and the methodology for each test.
 List the information included on a donor unit label.
 Compare internal and external controls in testing.
 Assess component preparation and transfusion therapy.
 Discuss CPD and CPDA1 anticoagulants and optional additive systems (CPDADSOL plus others) for collection of whole blood.
 Describe the storage lesion with regard to ATP, pH, 2, 3DPG and K+.
 Discuss method(s) of preparation, modifications, temperature and length of storage, and quality control for red blood cell, plasma, platelet, and cryoprecipitate products.
 Explain the Food and Drug Administration’s (FDA) and AABB?s roles in regulation and accreditation issues regarding blood components.
 Describe the requirements and methods for shipping blood products.
 Calculate the amount the hemoglobin and hematocrit are raised upon transfusion on one unit of packed RBCs.
 Discuss the indications for transfusing: red blood cells random platelets, apheresed platelets, fresh frozen plasma (FFP), cryoprecipitate (cryo), and plasma derivatives.
 State the rationale for transfusing leukocytereduced products and gamma irradiated components.
 Define massive transfusion.
 Explain emergency release and transfusion of blood components.
 Evaluate transfusion reactions.
 Distinguish among the following types of transfusion reactions: hemolytic vs. nonhemolytic, acute vs. delayed, immunemediated vs. nonimmunemediated, and infectious vs. noninfectious.
 State the most common cause of fatal transfusion reactions.
 Describe the clinical and laboratory features and treatment of transfusion reactions.
 Discuss the workup in the blood bank investigation of reactions.
 Perform Direct Antiglobulin Testing (DAT).
 State the relationship of the DAT autoimmune hemolytic anemia (AIHA).
 List the main types of autoimmune hemolytic anemia (AIHA).
 Discuss disease association, DAT results, autoantibody class and specificity, diagnostic testing, and transfusing blood for patients with Paroxysmal Cold Hemoglobinuria (PCH), Cold Agglutinin Syndrome (CAS), and warm autoimmune hemolytic anemia (WAIHA).
 Describe the basic mechanisms for drug induced hemolytic anemia and list at least one drug implicated in each mechanism.
 For each drug mechanism, describe typical clinical and laboratory features including: method of red cell destruction, DAT results, other pretransfusion testing results, and treatment.
 Perform an acid elution and/or heat (freezethaw) elution.
 Perform prenatal and postpartum testing.
 Describe the physiology of hemolytic disease of the fetus and newborn (HDFN).
 Describe the use of paternal antigen testing, amniotic fluid, and percutaneous umbilical blood analysis in prenatal investigation.
 Describe routine prenatal testing, including ABO and Rh typing, weak D testing, antibody screening and identification, titrations and followup.
 Describe postnatal/postpartum investigation of the mother and infant, including ABO and Rh testing on cord blood, DAT testing and elutions and appropriate use of hemoglobin and bilirubin tests.
 List three instances in which RhIG is NOT issued postpartum.
 Discuss treatment of ABO and Rh HDFN, including requirements for intrauterine and neonatal exchange transfusions.
 List special characteristics of blood used for intrauterine and exchange transfusions.
 State the purpose of Rh Immune Globulin (RhIG).
 Calculate the dosage of Rhogam after birth or to prevent maternal alloimmunization.
 Perform RhIG and antibodies titers, cord blood testing, the fetal blood screen, and the KleihauerBetke test; and, state the purpose of each.
 Assess laboratory safety and quality control.
 Identify safety and precaution labels and signs.
 Disinfect work area.
 Wear appropriate personal protective equipment.
 Practice correct handwashing technique.
 Dispose of biohazardous waste.
 Protect self, studentpatient, and clinical patients from transmission of infectious disease.
 Perform appropriate error correction and documentation.
 Identify government agencies regulating laboratory results.
 Explain the use of quality control in the lab.
 Determine factors that affect procedures and results.
 Demonstrate professional conduct.
 Demonstrate interpersonal communication skills with patients, other health care professionals, and the public.
 Practice confidentiality.
 Follow written and verbal instructions.
 Demonstrate ethical time management.
 Choose workplaceappropriate clothing and jewelry.
 Recognize the responsibilities of other laboratory and health care personnel, interacting with them with respect to their jobs and patient care.
 Recognize the need for continuing education as a function of growth and maintenance of professional competence.
 Maintain professional growth and competence through involvement in continuing education.
 Demonstrate workplace basic skills of listening, writing, leadership, and time management.
 Practice written and oral communication skills.
 Create a team atmosphere in laboratory functions.
 Demonstrate judgment and decision making skills.
 Analyze laboratory findings to troubleshoot common procedural and technical problems.
 Perform corrective action.
 Check for sources of error.
 Evaluate laboratory findings to recognize and report the need for additional testing.



MLT 270  Immunology & Serology Credits: 2 Lecture Hours: 1 Lab Hours: 2 Practicum Hours: 0 Work Experience: 0 Course Type: Open Immune reactions of the body will be studied. Reactions between antigen and antibodies will be used as a means to detect diseases such as hepatitis, infectious mononucleosis and rheumatoid arthritis. Prerequisite: Grade of C or higher in MLT 232 Competencies
 Assess laboratory safety and quality control.
 Identify safety and precaution labels and signs.
 Disinfect work area
 Wear appropriate personal protective equipment.
 Practice correct handwashing technique.
 Dispose of biohazardous waste.
 Protect self, studentpatient, and clinical patients from transmission of infectious disease.
 Perform appropriate error correction and documentation.
 Determine factors that affect procedures and results.
 Perform immunology/Serology testing.
 Identify proper specimen collection and transport techniques/methods.
 Choose appropriate medical terminology for immunology/serology skills.
 Demonstrate good dexterity in use of immunology/serology lab equipment.
 Calculate various types of dilutions.
 Perform serial dilutions using micro pipettes and serologic.
 Describe how antibody titer is determined and reported.
 Perform dilutions, describe detection and disease association of cold agglutinins.
 Evaluate basic immunologic procedures.
 Discuss basic principles, use of and perform precipitation tests.
 Discuss basic principles, use of and perform agglutination tests.
 List factors affecting sensitization and lattice formation in agglutination reactions.
 Discuss basic principles, use of and perform flocculation tests.
 State the reagents used in flocculation testing; and, list two (2) commonlyused flocculation tests.
 Briefly describe neutralization assays and labeled immunoassays.
 Interpret direct and indirect ‘sandwich’ techniques.
 Briefly describe the complement fixation test, inclucing interpretation of expected positive and negative results.
 Discuss immunoglobulins.
 Differentiate between humoral and cellular immunity.
 Describe the cells involved in specific immunity, including Tlymphocytes and Blymphocytes; differentiate between Tlymphocytes and Blymphocytes.
 Explain the fundamental reaction between antigen and antibody, and the type of immunologic reactions.
 Discuss the physical properties of antibodies, structure and function.
 Differentiate the five (5) main classes of immunoglobulins.
 Discuss immunizations, specifically factors affecting immunization, primary and secondary antibody response and antibodies involved in primary and secondary responses.
 Assess serological Diagnosis of Infectious Diseases.
 Describe and perform venereal syphilis testing and include causative agent, disease progression, congenital transmission, and diagnostic tests.
 Describe and perform Streptococcus pyogenes (Group A strep) testing including: causative agents (exoantigens), complications, and diagnostic tests.
 Differentiate among Hepatitis A, B and C by mode of transmission, type of virus, and diagnostic tests.
 List the four (4) DNA viruses in the Herpesvirus group.
 Describe EpsteinBarr virus (EBV), cytomegalovirus CMV, Varicellazoster (VZV) and Herpes simplex virus (HSV) types 1 and II by mode of transmission, disease progression, and diagnostic tests.
 Describe Rubella including: type of virus, alternate names, congenital transmission, most commonly tested populations, and diagnostic tests.
 Describe Human Immunodeficiency Virus (HIV) including: causative agent, modes of transmission, symptoms, and diagnostic tests.
 Name at least two (2) types of fungi tested for serologically.
 Briefly describe Toxoplasma gondii including: host, mode of transmission, and diagnostic tests.
 Evaluate immune disorders.
 Differentiate among the four types of hypersensitivity reactions.
 Differentiate between organspecific and systemic autoimmunity. provide examples of each type.
 Describe systemic lupus erythmatosus (sle or lupus).
 State the clinical significance of antinuclear antibodies (ana).
 Describe and perform rheumatoid arthritis (RA).
 Differentiate among the various types of grafts (transplants).
 Explain the importance of the MHC in transplantation.
 Formulate an understanding of the nature of the immune system.
 Contrast active and passive immunity; and, natural and artificial immunity.
 List at least three (3) natural external and internal defenses.
 Briefly describe the role of inflammation in an immune reaction.
 Define acute phase reactants; and, name the most commonly one tested in the lab.
 Differentiate tolerance from self tolerance.
 Describe the process of vaccination, including primary and secondary responses, antibodies involved, and antibody levels.
 Name the primary and secondary lymphoid organs.
 State how Tlymphs and Blymphs are differentiated from each other, as well as within their own cell lines.
 List some common MHC HLAs that are associated with specific diseases.
 Describe Class I and II genes coding.
 Briefly describe the role of an antigen presenting cell (APC).
 State the triggering mechanism(s) and end result(s) for the classical and alternative complement pathways.
 Demonstrate professional conduct.
 Demonstrate interpersonal communication skills with patients, other health care professionals, and the public.
 Practice confidentiality.
 Follow written and verbal instructions.
 Demonstrate ethical time management.
 Choose workplaceappropriate clothing and jewelry.
 Recognize the responsibilities of other laboratory and health care personnel, interacting with them with respect to their jobs and patient care.
 Demonstrate workplace basic skills of listening, writing, leadership and time management.
 Practice written and oral communication skills.
 Create team atmosphere in laboratory functions.
 Demonstrate judgment and decision making skills.
 Analyze laboratory findings and recognize common procedural and technical problems.
 Evaluate laboratory findings and take corrective actions.
 Analyze laboratory findings to check for sources of errors.
 Evaluate laboratory findings to recognize and report the need for additional testing.



MLT 289  Advanced Clinical Lab Practicum Credits: 9 Lecture Hours: 0 Lab Hours: 0 Practicum Hours: 0 Work Experience: 36 Course Type: Open Students rotate through the clinical laboratory departments of Hematology, Chemistry, Microbiology, Blood Bank, Immunology, and Urinalysis, applying knowledge and skills learned in class. Prerequisite: Prerequisite MLT 242 with a Grade ‘C’ or above; MLT 242 with a Grade ‘C’ or above; MLT 261 with a Grade ‘C’ or above; MLT 270 with a Grade ‘C’ or above: MLT 232 with a Grade ‘C’ or above. Corequisite: Corequisite: MLT 292 with a Grade ‘C’ or above. Competencies
 Assess laboratory safety and quality control.
 Identify safety and precaution labels and signs.
 Disinfect work area.
 Wear appropriate personal protective equipment (PPE).
 Practice correct handwashing technique.
 Dispose of biohazardous waste.
 Protect self, Teaching Techs, and patients from transmission of infectious disease.
 Perform appropriate error correction and documentation.
 Identify government agencies regulating laboratory results.
 Explain the use of quality control in the lab.
 Define accuracy and precision.
 Calculate standard deviations and coefficient of variation.
 Determine factors that affect procedures and results.
 Evaluate specimen collection, transport, and processing.
 State criteria for evaluating specimen quality and corrective action to resolve problems.
 Label specimens accurately.
 Centrifuge STAT tubes as soon as they arrive in the lab.
 Centrifuge clot tubes after at least 20 minutes of clotting or as per lab policy.
 Demonstrate knowledge of the laboratory information system (LIS).
 Perform phlebotomy.
 Perform quality control (QC).
 Monitor QC.
 Record QC data.
 Evaluate QC records.
 Take corrective action should QC fall outside of established limits.
 Prepare controls and calibrators to use in testing.
 Operate equipment.
 Identify the primary operating components.
 Select reagents.
 Describe reagent reactions.
 Demonstrate reagent handling.
 Process samples.
 Program and/or calibrate the instrument or equipment.
 Produce valid patient results.
 Perform equipment maintenance.
 Identify functioning and nonfunctioning instrument or equipment.
 Troubleshoot problems on the instrument or equipment.
 Return the instrument or equipment to online use.
 Perform testing in the Clinical Chemistry lab.
 Perform an osmolality assay and evaluate results.
 State principles of procedures.
 Identify special sample types and requirements.
 List reagent requirements.
 Discuss special handling procedures.
 Discuss the appropriateness of ordering specific tests.
 Explain the pathophysiological significance of results.
 Discuss the clinical usefulness of chemistry profiles.
 Identify the chemical tests comprising profiles.
 Perform Hematology and Coagulation analyses.
 Perform abnormal differentials in 20 ± 5 minutes.
 Correlate possible pathological conditions with abnormal cell types.
 Evaluate cell histograms and/or scattergrams, and predict pathophysiological causes of abnormalities.
 Discuss cytochemical staining procedures and results.
 Perform erythrocyte sedimentation rate tests.
 Perform reticulocyte counts.
 Assist in in the collection, preparation, and staining of a bone marrow aspirate.
 Perform manual cell counts.
 Discuss the principles of the procedures, reagents used, and pathophysiological significance of coagulation tests.
 Perform Immunohematology testing.
 Prepare red blood cell suspensions.
 Read and grade agglutination reactions.
 Perform routine Type & Screens in 30 ± 5 minutes (or per hospital requirements).
 Perform routine Type & Crossmatches in 45 ± 5 minutes (or per hospital requirements).
 Perform prenatal and postpartum testing.
 Identify unexpected antibodies.
 Perform antigen typing.
 Investigate transfusion reactions.
 Prepare blood components needed for transfusion for adults, children, and neonates.
 Inventory and order blood products.
 Receive and process blood products from collection facilities.
 Issue blood components and Rh immune globulin.
 Perform Immunology and Serology testing.
 Perform manual testing kit procedures.
 Discuss and/or perform automated and molecular testing techniques.
 Perform testing in the Clinical Microbiology lab.
 Perform various staining procedures (e.g., Gram stain, acidfast), and interpret results.
 Read and report Gram stains results within 5 minutes.
 Select media specific to specimen site.
 Demonstrate inoculation and isolation procedures.
 Identify colony characteristics of pathogens and normal flora from various body sites.
 Identify clinicallysignificant isolates.
 Perform antibiotic susceptibility testing.
 Perform Urinalyses and Body Fluid analyses.
 Perform and report microscopic urinalyses within 5 minutes.
 Perform confirmatory tests and interpret results.
 Perform cell counts, differentials, crystal identification, and chemical test on body fluids; and, interpret results.
 Report results.
 Call critical values to designated health care professionals.
 Report troponin results within 30 minutes of collection or per lab policy.
 Report STAT results within 60 minutes of collection or per lab policy.
 Report routine tests within 90 minutes of collection or per lab policy.
 Follow lab criteria for record keeping.
 Maintain patient reports.
 Evaluate judgment and decision making skills.
 Follow Standard Operating Procedures (SOPs).
 Analyze laboratory findings to recognize common procedural and technical problems.
 Take corrective action.
 Check for sources of errors.
 Evaluate laboratory findings to recognize and report the need for additional testing.
 Assess professional conduct.
 Demonstrate interpersonal communication skills with patients, other health care professionals, and the public.
 Practice confidentiality.
 Follow written and verbal instructions.
 Demonstrate ethical time management.
 Choose workplaceappropriate attire and jewelry.
 Recognize the responsibilities of other laboratory and health care personnel, interacting with them with respect to their jobs and patient care.
 Recognize the need for continuing education as a function of growth and maintenance of professional competence.
 Maintain professional growth and competence through involvement in continuing education.
 Demonstrate workplace basic skills of listening, writing, leadership, and time management.
 Practice written and oral communication skills.
 Create a team atmosphere in laboratory functions.



MLT 292  Clinical Lab Professionalism & Review Credits: 3 Lecture Hours: 3 Lab Hours: 0 Practicum Hours: 0 Work Experience: 0 Course Type: Open Students review medical laboratory subject areas, discuss clinical experiences, and present case studies. Professionalism, certification, continuing education, and legal responsibilities are discussed. A mock certification exam is given. Prerequisite: Prerequisite MLT 242 with a Grade ‘C’ or above; MLT 251 with a Grade ‘C’ or above; MLT 261 with a Grade ‘C’ or above; MLT 270 with a Grade ‘C’ or above: MLT 232 with a Grade ‘C’ or above Corequisite: Corequisite: MLT 289 with a Grade ‘C’ or above. Competencies
 Compare and contrast clinical lab areas.
 Discuss hospital lab organization and arrangement of departments.
 Review contents of and practices within the different departments of the clinical lab.
 Practice simulated lab exercises.
 Practice exam questions for each clinical lab department.
 Create professional documents.
 Write and revise a resume.
 Identify personal skills and abilities.
 Construct a cover letter for an entrylevel MLT position.
 Practice interviewing skills.
 Identify possible interview questions.
 Practice responses to questions.
 Prepare sample questions to ask a potential employer.
 Select attire.
 Discuss the impact of behaviors and nonverbal communication.
 Evaluate professional lab organizations.
 Compare and contrast ASCP, ASCLS, AMT, and other professional clinical lab groups.
 Discuss membership options.
 Attend a state or regional meeting.
 Promote the clinical lab profession.
 Design a clinical lab service learning activity or event.
 Participate in a promotional event or meeting.
 Interact with and educate nonlab personnel about the clinical lab profession.
 Evaluate case studies and/or clinical topics.
 State expected lab values.
 Correlate laboratory data in case studies and determine disease process.
 Use a variety of visual aids.
 Create a quiz or other evaluation over material presented.
 Demonstrate knowledge of medical laboratory technology consistent with an entrylevel Medical Laboratory Technician.
 Review current national exam requirements and contents.
 Pass a mock certification exam.
 Discuss application requirements for national exams.
 Assess postcertification options.
 Discuss advanced degree options and routes.
 Meet with Laboratory Managers and Directors.
 Examine leadership roles for firstyear lab professionals.
 Discuss continuing laboratory education and recertification procedures.
 Assess professional conduct.
 Demonstrate interpersonal communication skills with patients, other health care professionals, and the public.
 Practice confidentiality.
 Follow written and verbal instructions.
 Demonstrate ethical time management.
 Choose workplaceappropriate attire and jewelry.
 Recognize the responsibilities of other laboratory and health care personnel, interacting with them with respect to their jobs and patient care.
 Recognize the need for continuing education as a function of growth and maintenance of professional competence.
 Maintain professional growth and competence through involvement in continuing education.
 Demonstrate workplace basic skills of listening, writing, leadership, and time management.
 Practice written and oral communication skills.
 Create a team atmosphere in laboratory functions.
 Discuss liability and malpractice.

Mortuary Science 


MOR 215  Funeral Law I Credits: 3 Lecture Hours: 3 Lab Hours: 0 Practicum Hours: 0 Work Experience: 0 Course Type: Voc/Tech A survey of the basic principles of business law as they relate to funeral service. Especially stressed are the bodies of law and the judicial system found in the United States including contracts, sales, bailment (including carriers), commercial paper, agency, employment and business organization. Prerequisite: Admission to the Mortuary Science or Funeral Services program, or admission to the Liberal Arts AA  PreMortuary Science concentration. Competencies
 Examine the American system of jurisprudence;
 Explain common law as a historical foundation of United States law.
 List the various sources of law in the American legal system; state and federal.
 Define judicial review and jurisdiction of the court systems.
 Differentiate between trial courts and appellate court procedures.
 Describe the role of small claims courts and its limited access
 Discuss Alternative and Online Dispute Resolution such as negotiation, mediation, and arbitration.
 Distinguish between torts and crimes;
 Identify differences between civil law and criminal law.
 List and describe intentional torts against persons.
 List and explain the elements necessary to prove negligence.
 Describe and apply the doctrine of strict liability.
 List and describe the essential elements of a crime.
 Summarize criminal procedure, including arrest, indictment, arraignment, trial.
 Identify major whitecolor crimes such as embezzlement, bribery, and criminal fraud.
 Define trademarks (service marks), copyrights, and patents.
 List the items that can be copyrighted and demonstrate an understanding of the Fair Use Exception.
 Analyze the requirements of a valid contract and identify litigation issues relating to contracts;
 List the elements necessary to form a valid contract.
 Describe special forms of offers, including Internet actions.
 Identify contracts that lack consideration such as those involving illegal consideration, an illusory promise, a preexisting duty, or past consideration.
 Define and describe the infancy doctrine.
 Contrast legal insanity and intoxication and how they affect capacity.
 Describe covenantsnottocompete and exculpatory clauses and their legality.
 Contrast genuineness of assent, mistake, fraud, duress, and undue influence.
 List the contracts that must be in writing under the Statute of Frauds, formality of writing contracts, and the parole evidence rule.
 Compare assignments, delegations, and third party rights.
 Distinguish between conditions and impossibility or impracticability of contracts.
 Explain performance and remedies for each side of a contract.
 Evaluate the Uniform Commercial Code regarding the sale/lease of goods;
 Categorize the performance and remedies of sellers and buyers with regard to sales and lease contracts.
 Contrast the controlling bodies of contract law: Article 2 of the UCC and common law of contracts.
 Interpret when title to goods and the risk of loss pass from seller to buyer.
 Categorize the performance and remedies of sellers and buyers with regard to sales and lease contracts.
 Describe the requirements for negotiable instruments;
 Explain how negotiable instruments are transferred.
 Define key terms regarding negotiable instruments.
 List the requirements of negotiability.
 Explain the requirements of issuance and delivery of a negotiable instrument.
 Contrast agency and employment relationships;
 Define the nature of an agency relationship, as well as the creation and termination of an agency.
 List the duties and responsibilities of agents and principals.
 Distinguish between an agent, independent contractor, and employee.
 Discuss the employeeatwill doctrine and the exceptions based on public policy and antidiscrimination statutes.
 Describe the protections provided employees under Title VII of the federal Civil Rights Act of 1964.
Competencies Revised Date: 2019 


MOR 301  Intro to Funeral Service Credits: 1 Lecture Hours: 1 Lab Hours: 0 Practicum Hours: 0 Work Experience: 0 Course Type: Voc/Tech Students will trace the history of funeral service from ancient times with emphasis on the development of funeral practices in the United States, to include current practices in funeral service and contemporary issues affecting funeral services. Prerequisite: Admission to the Mortuary Science Advanced Standing Diploma Program or completion of General Education courses required for the Funeral Services AAS program. Competencies
 Develop an active vocabulary of words, terms and concepts associated with funeral services.
 Use funeral service related words and terms and concepts properly.
 Demonstrate knowledge of concepts relating to funeral service.
 Collaborate with fellow classmates in discussions of contemporary issues.
 Describe the history of funeral services
 Recall ancient Egyptian burial customs.
 Identify the burial customs of the ancient Greeks.
 State the ancient Roman and Christian burial customs that are still in practice today.
 Describe the Viking burial customs.
 Report on the impact of historical events on funeral services.
 Describe President Lincoln’s Gettysburg address and general order 39
 Paraphrase the beginning of chemical embalming with attention to the role of the American Civil War.
 Describe the origins of classical music, and funeral requiems in the Middle Ages.
 Examine the professional organizations of funeral services.
 List professional local, state and national organizations for funeral services.
 Participate in activities of a funeral director association in your location.
 Identify the primary role each of the associations play in funeral services.
Competencies Revised Date: 2019 


MOR 302  Cremation Services Credits: 2 Lecture Hours: 2 Lab Hours: 0 Practicum Hours: 0 Work Experience: 0 Course Type: Voc/Tech Students will thoroughly review the legal requirements and process of cremation, and is designed to equip the student to perform a cremation upon graduation. This course will also explore various contemporary disposition issues affecting funeral services. Prerequisite OR Corequisite: MOR 301 Competencies
 Explain contemporary trends in disposition
 Describe the elements of Green Burial.
 Recognize emerging disposition techniques, including alkaline hydrolysis and cryogenics.
 Describe the role of Anatomical Donations in contemporary culture.
 Describe an identification process prior to disposition
 Explain how the process meets the emotional needs of the family.
 Cite the legal requirements in the state of practice.
 Summarize the forms needed for meet the legal requirements.
 Outline the process of preparing a body for cremation
 Determine which medical devices must be removed.
 Describe the process of removing medical devices.
 Describe the disposal of those medical devices.
 Discuss the container required to safely place the deceased into the retort.
 Outline the cremation process
 Describe proper retort operations.
 Describe safe methods to remove cremated human remains from a retort.
 Discuss methods of insuring the identity of the deceased.
 Describe the remains processor used following the retort.
 Distinguish between the different methods of disposition of cremated human remains
 Research methods for disposal of cremated human remains.
 Describe methods used for disposal of cremated human remains.
 Discuss the legal ramifications of scattering cremated human remains.
 Discuss the legal and practical implications of families retaining cremated human remains at home.
Competencies Revised Date: 2019 


MOR 315  Funeral Law II Credits: 3 Lecture Hours: 3 Lab Hours: 0 Practicum Hours: 0 Work Experience: 0 Course Type: Voc/Tech Deals with the statutory laws and practices pertaining to funeral services. The student will study the laws that govern the funeral director, the embalmer and their legal responsibilities to the consumer. Prerequisite OR Corequisite: MOR 301 Competencies
 Paraphrase foundational principles of mortuary laws
 Define terminology associated with funeral service laws
 Identify sources of funeral service law
 Explain legal definitions of death
 Summarize principles of mortuary law relating to the funeral home/funeral director
 Identify torts involving a dead body
 Explain control and liability of disposition
 Describe funeral establishment regulations
 Explain cemetery and crematory regulations
 Describe the laws pertaining to funeral service practices
 Explain funeral director obligations of disposition
 Demonstrate funeral director responsibilities according to professional licensing requirements
 State the limitations imposed upon the practice of funeral director/embalmer
 Identify the responsibilities of the funeral director to the families that called him/her to serve
 Identify the responsibilities of the funeral director to other professionals
 Apply laws and rules related to probate law
 Define the laws which govern the disposition of an estate
 Explain wills
 Describe the procedures of a person dying intestate
 Explain the administration of an estate
 Examine the Federal Trade Commission Funeral Rule
 List the requirements of the Funeral Rule
 Summarize the Misrepresentations which are identify the by the Federal Trade Commission
 Utilize forms to complete the requirements of the Funeral Rule for given scenarios.
 Summarize federal regulations
 Describe the Environmental Protection Agency rules that relate to funeral services
 Relate the wage and hour laws to funeral service situations
 Summarize federal codes such as the ADA and Civil Rights Act.
 Determine the requirements of the Occupational Safety and Health Administration as it relates to funeral directors/embalmers
 Generalize of the formaldehyde standards
 Communicate the elements of the Blood borne pathogen standards
 Initiate a plan to accomplish a Hazard Communication standard
 List the requirements of the Medical records standards
Competencies Revised Date: 2019 


MOR 320  Thanatology Credits: 3 Lecture Hours: 3 Lab Hours: 0 Practicum Hours: 0 Work Experience: 0 Course Type: Voc/Tech This course is a survey of the basic principles of psychology, sociology and counseling as they relate to funeral service. The course stresses the psychological concepts in the areas of grief, bereavement, mourning, aftercare, and crisis intervention with emphasis on the roles of the funeral director, as well as the family and social structures and their relationship to funeral service. Prerequisite OR Corequisite: MOR 301 Competencies
 Show the values and purposes of the funeral rite for family and friends
 Demonstrate the application of general psychology to funeral service
 List common needs of the bereaved
 Define and apply bereavement, mourning and grief
 Apply the following theories of grief in a grief scenario
 Explain Lindemann’s Grief Syndrome
 Describe Bowlby’s Attachment Theory
 Explain KublerRoss’ Five Stages of Death
 Paraphrase Worden’s Tasks of Mourning
 List and describe Wolfelt’s Mourning (reconciliation) Needs
 Compare typical responses to death and their variation based on developmental levels and cultural differences
 Summarize terminology related to grief
 Describe normal grief reactions
 List common determinants of grief
 Explain how grief affects the family
 Examine when to make referrals to the appropriate community or professional resources
 Identify the factors which may complicate grief
 Classify types of complicated grief reactions
 Describe personal resources for coping with loss and stress
 Describe issues relating to children and death
 Paraphrase a child’s understanding of death by age development
 Explain what not to say and what to say when explaining death to children
 Differentiate between the types and styles of counseling therapy
 Describe the major goals of counseling as well as the functions of the counselor
 Differentiate between directive and nondirective styles of counseling
 Recognize the preneed, atneed and post funeral counseling opportunities
 Utilize the basic counseling skills and techniques
 Determine various community resources which are available to families in grief
 Describe the role of hospice
 Compile a listing of grief support groups available in the community
 Summarize palliative care
 Evaluate the elements associated with social function and culture to funeral service
 Define sociology and its relationship to funeral service practices
 Identify the family governing systems found in contemporary society
 Classify contemporary social factors affecting funeral rites
 Describe changing social factors which affect funeral rites and families in grief
 List ways in which technology has affected funeral service
Competencies Revised Date: 2019 


MOR 323  Funeral Directing I Credits: 2 Lecture Hours: 2 Lab Hours: 0 Practicum Hours: 0 Work Experience: 0 Course Type: Voc/Tech Surveys the principles related to funeral directing including human relations, relations with clergy, and the professional behavior required of funeral directors. In addition, this course will cover the principles of the operations of a funeral home, including funeral service forms and vital statistics. Prerequisite OR Corequisite: MOR 301 Corequisite: MOR 324 Competencies
 Assess the value of funeralization.
 Identify similarities and differences between funeralization and memorialization.
 Describe the various aspects of funeralization.
 State how funeral components meet the needs of the bereaved.
 Summarize the interpersonal functions of a funeral director from first call to last service rendered to the family.
 Identify proper procedures for notification of death.
 Summarize the procedures to follow for a removal.
 Paraphrase items usually included in the arrangement conference.
 List necessary information to obtain from the family during the arrangement conference.
 Explain the related professions used in arranging a funeral service.
 Prioritize the items which must be completed by the funeral director.
 Identify and explain the necessary forms and legal documents associated with making funeral arrangements.
 Illustrate the organization required in preparation of each funeral.
 Explain the professional and ethical practices of a funeral director.
 Explain the death benefits available to surviving families.
 Differentiate between atneed and preneed funeral procedures.
 Demonstrate knowledge of available means of prearranging of a funeral.
 Identify the differences in arranging atneed from preneed.
 Explain the legal limits of a preneed arrangement.



MOR 324  Funeral Home Operations I Credits: 1 Lecture Hours: 0 Lab Hours: 2 Practicum Hours: 0 Work Experience: 0 Course Type: Voc/Tech This course will provide the student opportunities to simulate the standard operations of a funeral home. Activities will include simulated funeral arrangement conferences, completing standard funeral service forms, creating memorialization products (e.g. register books, folders, etc.) using funeral service software programs, and simulating technical tasks such as transfers of remains, dressing/casketing, and preparation for ID/cremation viewings. Prerequisite OR Corequisite: MOR 301 Corequisite: MOR 323 Competencies
 Outline the various forms and documents which must be completed by funeral directors.
 Demonstrate knowledge of death benefits available to families by completing standard forms.
 Produce the necessary governmental forms, such as a death certificate, burial transit permit, disinterment permit, and cremation permit.
 Utilize funeral service software programs by creating funeral/memorial documents.
 Organize a simulated funeral arrangement conference.
 Gather the necessary information (e.g. biographical data, vital statistics, and service details.)
 Present various service options relevant/appropriate to family’s requests
 Present various merchandise options relevant/appropriate to family’s request
 Demonstrate adherence to any/all applicable FTC considerations
 Demonstrate simulated technical tasks common to funeral service establishments.
 Trace the steps in completing a transfer of remains.
 Prepared human remains for viewing by dressing and casketing the deceased.
 Demonstrate proper procedures for preparing human remains for identification viewing.
 Prepare human remains for limited service calls such as forwarding of remains to another funeral home.



MOR 331  Funeral Home Management Credits: 2 Lecture Hours: 2 Lab Hours: 0 Practicum Hours: 0 Work Experience: 0 Course Type: Voc/Tech Introduction to management concepts which will affect funeral directors to include personnel management, risk management, facilities management, funeral home marketing and basic accounting principles. Prerequisite: Admission to the Mortuary Science or Funeral Services program, or admission to the Liberal Arts AA  PreMortuary Science concentration. Competencies
 Illustrate fundamentals of small business management as applied to funeral home operations.
 Discuss the role of small business in the economy.
 Explain why management in a small firm may be more demanding than management in a large firm.
 Describe personal and personnel requirements needed for the success of a selfemployed funeral home owner.
 Describe the elements of sound business management; including credit and collections; costs and capital investments; location and expansions of funeral homes; buying or building a funeral home; reducing risks and advertising.
 Examine the functions of management for a funeral home.
 Define management and identify the four functions.
 List the objectives of funeral service.
 Relate the functions of management to funeral service practices.
 Define the areas of management.
 Explain the concepts of management related to funeral services.
 Evaluate federal regulations affecting recruitment and selection of personnel.
 List considerations for job recruitment.
 Explain federal regulations affecting recruitment.
 Explain preemployment interviewing regulations.
 Describe human relations management.
 Identify purpose and contents of a personnel manual.
 State responsibilities of the manager.
 Characterize basic accounting concepts and procedures.
 Describe the functions of accounting.
 Record transactions in the basic accounting equation.
 Expand the basic accounting equation using revenue, expense, and withdrawal transactions.
 Analyze simple accounting transactions as to their effect on the basic accounting equation.
 Prepare simplified financial statements.
 Define basic accounting terms, concepts and principles.
 Perform basic accounting transactions.
 Develop a chart of accounts.
 Record transactions in Taccount utilizing the rules of debit and credit.
 Prepare a simple trial balance.
 Prepare financial statements from a trial balance.
 Identify the normal balance of an account.
Competencies Revised Date: 2019 


MOR 333  Funeral Directing II Credits: 3 Lecture Hours: 3 Lab Hours: 0 Practicum Hours: 0 Work Experience: 0 Course Type: Voc/Tech This course is designed to give the student an understanding of the various products available through funeral homes and competing industries. Topics of study will include merchandising and pricing techniques, casket components and construction, outer burial containers, urns and cemetery components. In addition, this course will cover the principles of making funeral arrangements and will include detailed information on various funeral rites with emphasis on religious customs but also including nonreligious, military, and fraternal rites. Prerequisite OR Corequisite: MOR 301 Corequisite: MOR 334 Competencies
 Categorize different styles of caskets.
 Describe the materials used to construct caskets.
 Identify component parts of a casket.
 Explain the various styles of casket interiors and exteriors.
 Explain the reasons for differences in prices of caskets.
 Describe closure methods, casket styles and sizes.
 Classify the materials and construction of outer burial containers and cemetery merchandise.
 Identify types of grave liners.
 Identify materials used in construction of outer burial containers.
 Describe various methods of closure of outer burial containers.
 Discuss methods of selling vaults and outer burial containers.
 Identify the various types of structures commonly found in a cemetery.
 Identify the various styles of monuments and cremation merchandise.
 Incorporate merchandising concepts in the funeral home setting.
 Determine merchandise availability.
 Distinguish between costs and expenses.
 Explain methods of determining a selling price for merchandise.
 Explain financial aspects of cost of operations.
 Explain arrangement consideration in the selection room.
 Differentiate between selling price and price quotation.
 Describe the various methods of merchandise display.
 Demonstrate the skills used in making preneed and atneed funeral arrangements.
 Describe making preneed funeral arrangements.
 Explain financial consideration for preneed funeral arrangements.
 Describe making atneed funeral arrangements.
 Describe selection room procedures both direct and indirect selling.
 Summarize the various religious funeral rites.
 Explain the traditional and nontraditional funeral rite.
 Explain the procedure for conducting funerals for specific religions.
 Define the terminology of specific religions listed above.
 Summarize the various nonreligious funeral rites.
 Explain a traditional and nontraditional noreligious funeral rite.
 Explain the role of the celebrant in a nonreligious funeral rite.
 Define the terminology associated with a nonreligious funeral rite.
 Discuss the various fraternal and military funeral rites.
 Identify the contact person of a specific fraternal organization with whom to coordinate the funeral ceremony.
 Explain the American Legion funeral rite.
 Explain the military funeral rite.
 State the requirements for eligibility for veteran’s benefits.



MOR 334  Funeral Home Operations II Credits: 1 Lecture Hours: 0 Lab Hours: 2 Practicum Hours: 0 Work Experience: 0 Course Type: Voc/Tech This course will provide the student opportunities to observe and assemble various religious funeral rites and simulate standard funeral home activities relating to merchandise display and presentation. The student will also create and present a nonreligious simulated funeral service. Prerequisite OR Corequisite: MOR 301 Corequisite: MOR 333 Competencies
 Compare and contrast the funeral and visitation customs of veterans, active military, and various religions.
 Assess the items which are needed during various religious and military visitations and funerals.
 Describe funeral rites for various religions and veteran services.
 Construct visitation setups based on religious, military, and fraternal customs.
 Formulate the appropriate presentations to families regarding their merchandise chooses as part of the funeral process.
 Explain funeralrelated merchandise to consumers.
 Create a merchandise display based on techniques common to funeral service.
 Demonstrate the various presentation techniques common to funeral service.
 Organize and conduct a nonreligious funeral/memorial ceremony
 Articulate the need for nonreligious ceremonies in today’s culture
 Observe examples of nonreligious ceremonies
 Organize and present a nonreligious funeral/memorial ceremony
 Organize and present a nonreligious committal ceremony



MOR 335  Embalming I Credits: 3 Lecture Hours: 3 Lab Hours: 0 Practicum Hours: 0 Work Experience: 0 Course Type: Voc/Tech Basic techniques of embalming through disinfection, preservation and restoration of deceased human remains. Included are instruments, treatment planning and the practical application of modern embalming theory. Prerequisite OR Corequisite: MOR 301 and either BIO 733 or BIO 164 . Corequisite: MOR 336 Competencies
 Identify basic terminology, concepts, and classifications of embalming.
 Define embalming terminology.
 Identify social, psychological, ethical, and regulatory embalming considerations.
 Recall four classifications of embalming.
 Memorize regulatory considerations related to embalming.
 Recall role of Occupational Safety and Health Act (OSHA) and Federal Trade Commission.
 Identify elements of Hazard Communication Standard, Formaldehyde Standard, and Bloodborne Pathogen Standard.
 Identify basic Chemistry concepts as applied to the embalming process.
 Recall elements of biochemistry, embalming chemistry, organic and inorganic chemistry.
 List concepts of mixtures and solutions.
 Recall concepts of organic chemistry and organic compounds related to embalming.
 Identify concepts of biochemistry related to embalming.
 Analyze uses of embalming chemicals and recall their components.
 Identify four main categories of embalming fluids.
 Define components of arterial fluid.
 Distinguish between three types of arterial fluids.
 Recall uses of each component in arterial fluid.
 Identify specific examples of each component in arterial fluid.
 Define cavity fluid and identify its uses.
 Recall examples and uses of supplemental fluids.
 Recall examples and uses of accessory chemicals.
 Define primary dilution.
 Define secondary dilution.
 Demonstrate use of primary dilution equation (C x V = C’ x V’).
 Compare hypertonic and hypotonic arterial solutions.
 Discuss the general processes associated with death (both antemortem and postmortem) and define the postmortem changes that occur.
 Recall agonal changes.
 Define postmortem physical changes.
 Define postmortem chemical changes.
 Identify effects of postmortem changes on embalming process.
 Define terms associated with death.
 Identify concepts associated with vascular anatomy used in embalming.
 Define linear guide, anatomical guide, and anatomical limits.
 Recall linear guide, anatomical guide, and anatomical limits of all major vessels used in embalming process.
 Identify accompanying veins of major arteries used in embalming.
 Identify considerations and precautions of each major vessel.
 List common incision sites and types for each major vessel.
 Identify techniques for raising vessels.
 Identify suture techniques for closing incisions.
 Analyze common concepts of embalming case analysis.
 Distinguish embalming significance of postmortem physical changes.
 Distinguish embalming significance of postmortem chemical changes.
 Recall embalming treatments for common body conditions.
 Examine concepts of body preparation prior to arterial injection.
 Recall necessary legal authorizations for embalming procedure.
 Identify common techniques in transferring a body.
 Recall initial treatments of the body.
 List common techniques for positioning of the body.
 Recall commonlyused featuresetting techniques.
 Identify techniques to deal with invasive devices.
 Recall common preembalming conditions and corresponding treatments.
Competencies Revised Date: 2020 


MOR 336  Embalming I Clinical Credits: 1 Lecture Hours: 0 Lab Hours: 3 Practicum Hours: 0 Work Experience: 0 Course Type: Voc/Tech This course is a study of basic techniques of embalming through disinfection, preservation and restoration of deceased human remains. Included are instruments, treatment planning and the practical application of modern embalming theory. Prerequisite OR Corequisite: MOR 301 and either BIO 733 or BIO 164 . Corequisite: MOR 335 Competencies
 Demonstrate a technical understanding of the preparation room, its design, health and safety standards, equipment, and instruments.
 Explain and demonstrate OSHA requirements.
 Identify construction materials and design of the preparation room.
 Identify necessary equipment.
 Identify necessary instruments.
 Identify necessary accessory materials (e.g. embalming chemicals.)
 Explain uses of equipment, instruments, and accessory materials.
 Analyze an embalming case.
 Explain acceptable case analysis procedures
 Recall the legal implications that are noted during an embalming analysis.
 Contrast various embalming cases which have different preembalming considerations
 Execute the embalming procedure.
 Set the facial features as a normal part of the embalming process.
 Locate the vessels of the vascular system that will be used for injection.
 Inject embalming chemicals to accomplish the embalming process.
 Treat the viscera of the thoracic and abdominal cavities.
 Complete the procedures required of an embalmed body.
 Demonstrate appropriate postembalming procedures of terminal disinfection.
 Conduct a postembalming analysis of the case to determine any further treatments (if necessary.)
 Complete the necessary/required documentation regarding the embalming process.
Competencies Revised Date: 2020 


MOR 340  Embalming II Credits: 3 Lecture Hours: 3 Lab Hours: 0 Practicum Hours: 0 Work Experience: 0 Course Type: Voc/Tech
The student will study: concepts of cavity treatments and embalming; postinjection embalming treatments; effects of age of embalming analysis; autopsied and tissue donation cases; considerations of delayed embalming; various postmortem conditions (e.g. discolorations, vascular and moisture considerations, etc.) and respective treatments; the effects of drugs on the embalming process; and a variety of other selected conditions that impact the embalming procedure. Prerequisite: MOR 335 , MOR 336 and either BIO 733 or BIO 164 . Corequisite: MOR 341 Competencies
 Identify commonlyused procedures of arterial injection and drainage.
 Define onepoint injection.
 Define split injection.
 Define multipoint injection.
 Define restricted cervical injection.
 Define sectional embalming.
 Define sixpoint injection.
 Identify commonlyused drainage techniques and concepts.
 Examine various movements of arterial solution throughout the body.
 Define delivery.
 Define distribution.
 Differentiate between arterial distribution and diffusion.
 Identify common sources of intravascular resistance.
 Identify common sources of extravascular resistance.
 Recall the need for resistance during embalming process.
 Identify concepts of rate of flow and pressure relative to embalming.
 Identify concepts of ideal pressure and ideal rate of flow.
 Recall center of distribution in human body.
 Identify signs of arterial solution distribution and diffusion.
 Compare concepts of osmosis and dialysis relative to embalming process.
 Examine the various aspects of aspiration and cavity treatment/embalming.
 Recall the purpose of cavity treatment.
 Identify the two common theories of cavity treatment.
 Recall the abdominal regions and their contents by the two systems of nomenclature.
 Recall the common trocar guides.
 Identify equipment use for aspiration.
 Identify aspiration methods for the cranial, abdominal, thoracic, and pelvic cavities.
 Define purge and identify the characteristics of the various types.
 Identify treatments commonly employed after arterial injection.
 Identify the two types of supplemental embalming.
 Recall the different techniques for surface embalming.
 Recall the different techniques for hypodermic embalming.
 Identify common methods and directions of incision closure.
 Recall techniques for the removal of various invasive devices.
 Identify the postembalming treatments for distension.
 Identify the various techniques for resetting features when necessary.
 Identify the various embalming issues predicated on the age of the deceased.
 Recall the embalming considerations for infants and children.
 List the embalming considerations for the 412 year old decedent.
 Recall the embalming considerations for the adolescent and adult.
 Recall the process of a preinjection.
 Identify the embalming considerations for the elderly.
 Distinguish the embalming implications of an autopsied case.
 Compare the two types of autopsies.
 Recall the purpose of each type of autopsy.
 List the general considerations of autopsy treatment.
 Identify autopsy embalming considerations.
 Differentiate between a partial and complete autopsy.
 Identify specific treatments involved in embalming the autopsied body.
 Identify the various types of partial autopsies.
 Examine the embalming implications of an organ/tissue donor case.
 Identify tissue and organs being recovered for transplantation.
 Recall the two common embalming options for an organ donor.
 Identify common embalming treatments for an eye donor.
 Identify the three methods of embalming the legs of a long bone donor.
 Identify major embalming concerns associated with skin donors.
 Identify common problems associated with delayed embalming.
 Recall common injection techniques used with delayed embalming.
 Recall the embalming considerations and treatments for rigor mortis.
 Recall the embalming considerations and treatments for refrigerated bodies.
 Recall the embalming considerations and treatments for bodies with decomposition.
 Identify discolorations and the embalming considerations and general treatments.
 Identify antemortem blood discolorations.
 Identify postmortem blood discolorations.
 Identify intravascular blood discolorations.
 Identify extravascular blood discolorations.
 Recall embalming considerations for carbon monoxide poisoning.
 Identify the concept and process of instant tissue fixation.
 Identify moisture considerations relating to the body during the embalming process.
 Define edema.
 Identify types of edema by location.
 Identify effects of edema on the embalming process.
 Recall various embalming techniques to treat edema.
 Identify various chemical solutions used to treat edema.
 Analyze vascular considerations in the embalming process.
 Define arteriosclerosis.
 Identify the different types of gangrene.
 Define atheroma.
 Identify the embalming concerns and treatments of selected intravascular conditions.
 Differentiate between intravascular and extravascular resistance.
Competencies Revised Date: 2020 


MOR 341  Embalming II Clinical Credits: 1 Lecture Hours: 0 Lab Hours: 2 Practicum Hours: 0 Work Experience: 0 Course Type: Voc/Tech This course is an advanced study of embalming techniques. Included in the study will be the embalming of difficult cases. Prerequisite: MOR 335 , MOR 336 and either BIO 733 or BIO 164 . Corequisite: MOR 340 Competencies
 Analyze an embalming case.
 Explain acceptable case analysis procedures.
 Recall the legal implications that are noted during an embalming analysis.
 Contrast various embalming cases which have different preembalming considerations.
 Execute the embalming procedure.
 Set the facial features as a normal part of the embalming process.
 Locate the vessels of the vascular system that will be used for injection.
 Inject embalming chemicals to accomplish the embalming process.
 Treat the viscera of the thoracic and abdominal cavities.
 Complete the procedures required of an embalmed body.
 Demonstrate appropriate postembalming procedures of terminal disinfection.
 Conduct a postembalming analysis of the case to determine any further treatments (when necessary.)
 Complete the necessary/required documentation regarding the embalming process.
 Complete the procedures required of an autopsied body.
 Treat the viscera of the body.
 Locate the proper vessels for embalming the autopsied case.
 Inject embalming chemical into the various areas of the body.
 Embalm the tissue of the cavity utilizing surface applications.
 Complete the embalming procedure required by a difficult case.
 Describe the proper procedure for the difficulty.
 Execute the proper embalming procedure for the difficulty, which may include: burn victims, decomposition cases, infants, drowning victims, or decedents to be transported to other funeral home (specifically those to board a common carrier.)
 Identify the effects of various types of drugs on the embalming process.
 Recall the embalming considerations of chemotherapy.
 Identify the embalming considerations of corticosteroids and antiinflammatory drugs.
 Identify the embalming considerations of radioactive materials.
 Identify proper embalming techniques for special cases.
 Recall the embalming considerations and treatments for purge.
 List the embalming considerations and treatments for gases.
 Identify the embalming considerations and treatments for facial trauma.
 Name the embalming considerations and treatments for renal failure.
 Recall the embalming considerations and treatments for obesity.
 List the embalming considerations and treatments for reembalming.
 Identify the embalming considerations and treatments for delayed viewing.
 Name the embalming considerations and treatments for shipping human remains.
 Recall the embalming considerations and treatments for deformities and malformations.
Competencies Revised Date: 2020 


MOR 345  Restorative Art Credits: 3 Lecture Hours: 3 Lab Hours: 0 Practicum Hours: 0 Work Experience: 0 Course Type: Voc/Tech Students will develop knowledge of anatomical modeling, facial expressions, color, cosmetics, display lighting, instruments and materials and techniques necessary to rebuild the human face that has been destroyed by traumatic and/or pathological conditions. Prerequisite: MOR 335 , MOR 336 and either BIO 733 or BIO 164 . Competencies
 Demonstrate knowledge of theories and principles of restorative art.
 Explain the psychological reasons for restorative art
 Describe characteristics of the normal face
 Define major and minor restorations
 Describe terms, forms and position/direction of facial features.
 Describe the anatomical structures which influence facial features
 Identify the following cranial bones and major landmarks by including occipital, parietal, temporal, frontal
 Identify the following facial bones, their location, and landmarks by including nasal, zygomatic, maxilla, mandible.
 Describe the restorative significance of each of these bones.
 Locate the muscles of cranium, face, and neck which influence surface form and expression
 Identify the origin and insertion of each facial muscle.
 Describe the muscles which effect facial expression of the mouth and eyes.
 Discuss how facial muscles would be used for a reconstructive procedure
 Analyze the human face by using physiognomical terms and descriptions.
 Relate physiognomical terms in descriptions of facial markings.
 List and classify facial marking as natural or acquired
 Determine which muscles will give rise to each of the facial markings.
 Interpret facial proportions for use in a reconstruction
 Determine when it is appropriate to use the Canon of facial proportions.
 Interpret the facial proportions theory
 Explain both frontal and profile forms using correct terminology.
 Describe general modeling techniques for restorations
 Identify types of waxes.
 Identify conditions for deep and surface restorations.
 Select an appropriate armature to be used in a given reconstruction.
 Describe general restorative art treatments for trauma and pathological conditions.
 Identify cases requiring restorative art.
 List treatments and procedures for specific cases
 Identify sutures used in restoration
 Select materials used for procedures.
 Examine general color and cosmetology theory of restorative art.
 Classify and explain the principles of color theory.
 Relate their application to cosmetic compounds
 Explain the principles of the Prang System of pigmentary colors.
 Assess the effects of color illumination on objects.
 Identify the pigments of the skin and the necessary cosmetics to match that skin.
 Explain application of color and cosmetology in the funeral home setting.
Competencies Revised Date: 2019 


MOR 365  Survey of Infectious Diseases Credits: 2 Lecture Hours: 2 Lab Hours: 0 Practicum Hours: 0 Work Experience: 0 Course Type: Voc/Tech This course provides a survey of infectious disease processes, nonspecific and specific defense mechanisms, and principles of infection control and epidemiology. Safe handling of infectious materials and personal protective equipment are emphasized. Prerequisite OR Corequisite: MOR 301 Competencies
 Acquire knowledge of disease agents for infectious diseases.
 Discussing types of microorganisms: bacteria, viruses, fungi, parasites.
 Describing how microorganisms are named and classified
 Discussing how major groups of microorganisms can be separated from one another
 Discussing normal flora.
 Defining and discussing pathogens and opportunistic organisms.
 Explaining virulence
 Explaining how microorganisms are grown and identified in the laboratory.
 Acquire understanding of the body’s defenses to infectious diseases.
 Discussing normal how resistance to infectious diseases.
 Discuss host factors that decrease resistance
 Discuss immunocomprosied hosts
 Discuss the processes that occur in acute and chronic infection and identify manifestations of infectious diseases
 Discussing vaccines and measures to prevent infectious diseases.
 Identify antimicrobial agents
 Explaining the terms ‘hypersensitivity’ and ‘autoimmunity’.
 Acquire knowledge of the epidemiological aspects of infection control.
 Defining morbidity and mortality
 Defining prevalence and incidence
 Discussing portals of entry and exit
 Describing modes of transmission
 Explaining the chain of infection
 Explaining nosocomial infections.
 Discussing surveillance of emerging ‘new’ and drug resistant pathogens.
 Acquire understanding of infection control procedures and safe handling of infectious materials
 Comparing and contrasting sterilization, disinfection, pasteurization, bactericide, germicide, sporicide, and antiseptic
 Stating specifications for aseptic techniques and steam, dry heat, ethylene oxide, cold chemical, boiling, filtration, and radiation methods of sterilization and disinfection.
 Discussing methods of sterilization and disinfection used for hospital/surgical/funeral equipment
 Discussing handling and disposal of biological hazards.
 Discussing OSHA’s occupational exposure to blood borne pathogens rules.
 Explaining Universal precautions
 Describing principles of disease prevention and handling.
 Demonstrate and understanding of the embalming implications of various diseases.
 Determing the infection that may be present in the dead human body.
 Describing the risk embalmers encounter with each of those diseases.
 Describing transportation techniques needed to control the infection.
 Discussing an appropriate embalming treatment for that disease.
 Describing any special treatments needed to protect the general public following the embalming of a human body with that particular disease.



MOR 366  Funeral Pathology Credits: 2 Lecture Hours: 2 Lab Hours: 0 Practicum Hours: 0 Work Experience: 0 Course Type: Voc/Tech Students will be introduced to the study of the cause, course and effects of diseases upon the human body, with stress on ways in which tissue changes affect the embalming process. Pathologic conditions that require special treatment and terminology associated with the causes of death. Prerequisite OR Corequisite: MOR 301 Competencies
 Demonstrate knowledge of terminology which will enable competent communication with members of health professions and the public:
 define descriptive terminology related to disease
 explain etiology of diseases
 apply knowledge of word roots, prefixes, and suffixes to build and define medical terms
 Describe general pathology and how disease affects the human body:
 explain the divisions of pathology
 explain the nature of disease
 explain the inflammation process
 explain cellular reaction to injury
 define structural abnormalities
 Identify special pathology and how disease affects particular organs and organ systems by defining and giving examples of:
 disturbances in the circulatory system
 diseases of the blood
 diseases of the heart and blood vessels
 neoplasms and cysts
 diseases of digestive system
 diseases of respiratory tract
 diseases of urinary system
 diseases of nervous system
 diseases of male and female reproductive system
 diseases of the bone and joints
 diseases of the endocrine glands
 Recognize problems presented prior to and during embalming caused by the disease process:
 relate tissue changes caused by injury to case analysis
 relate tissue changes caused by diseases of the circulatory system to the embalming process
 explain infectious disease considerations for the embalmer
 Articulate the role of the coroner and medical examiner in forensic pathology:
 explain the jurisdiction and responsibilities of the coroner and medical examiner
 list the types of death for investigation
 identify the general features of specific injuries
 explain the purpose of the autopsy
 Describe disease agents for infectious diseases:
 discuss types of microorganisms: bacteria, viruses, fungi, parasites
 describe how microorganisms are named and classified
 discuss how major groups of microorganisms can be separated from one another
 discuss normal flora
 define pathogens and opportunistic organisms
 explain virulence
 explain how microorganisms are grown and identified in the laboratory
 Identify the body’s defenses to infectious diseases:
 discuss normal host resistance to infectious diseases
 discuss host factors that decrease resistance
 discuss immunocompromised hosts
 discuss the processes that occur in acute and chronic infection and identify manifestations of infectious diseases
 discuss vaccines and measures to prevent infectious diseases
 identify antimicrobial agents
 explain the terms ‘hypersensitivity’ and ‘autoimmunity’



MOR 390  Professional Review Credits: 2 Lecture Hours: 2 Lab Hours: 0 Practicum Hours: 0 Work Experience: 0 Course Type: Voc/Tech Students will study the professional standards and ethics to which funeral directors adhere. Students will also be exposed to testtaking strategies for the National Board Exam and discover the licensure process for funeral directors. Prerequisite: Completion of all Mortuary Science courses and consent of program and chairperson. Corequisite: MOR 940 and MOR 941 Competencies
 Demonstrate an understanding of the licensure process, functions of the funeral director/embalmer and related funeral service professions.
 Describe the duties and responsibilities of the funeral director, embalmer, cemeterian, and direct disposer.
 Explain the licensure process for funeral directors and embalmers.
 Examine strategies and techniques for successful test taking.
 Read literature regarding testtaking strategies.
 Analyze testtaking strategies.
 Complete computerized questions for testtaking strategies.
 Assess present level of funeral directing knowledge and critical thinking.
 Conduct selfassessment of Public Health and Technical curricular areas.
 Summarize the curricular area of Legal and Regulatory.
 Conduct selfassessment of the Business Management and Professional curricular areas.
 Summarize the curricular area of Social Sciences.
 Utilize a variety of resources to increase funeral service knowledge and critical thinking.
 Identify resources to utilize for preparation of the National Board Exam
 Identify resources to utilize for licensure in the state of practice.
 Implement plans to increase funeral service knowledge, critical thinking and testtaking strategies.
Competencies Revised Date: 2019 


MOR 940  Funeral Capstone Credits: 1 Lecture Hours: 0 Lab Hours: 2 Practicum Hours: 0 Work Experience: 0 Course Type: Voc/Tech This lab course will survey essential aspects of the funeral service profession. Students will be on campus to demonstrate the various tasks required of a funeral director to include: technical embalming skills, restorative art techniques for cosmetic applications, dressing, casketing and placing in state, funeral arrangement opportunities, setting up visitations, writing obituaries, planning services, and demonstrating verbal and written communication skills. Prerequisite: Completion of all other Mortuary Science courses and consent of the Program Chair. Corequisite: MOR 390 and MOR 941 Competencies
 Interpret how federal, state, and local laws apply to funeral service in order to ensure compliance.
 Utilize Federal Trade Commissionrequired price lists to present to families.
 Utilize Federal Trade Commissionrequired Statement of Goods and Services Selected to present to families.
 Present legal descriptions of the merchandise available to families.
 Apply principles of public health and safety in the handling and preparation of human remains.
 Utilize appropriate equipment to perform a transfer of remains.
 Utilize appropriate OSHAapproved steps to complete a transfer of remains.
 Perform OSHAapproved steps during handling and embalming of deceased human remains.
 Incorporate technical skills in embalming that are necessary for the preparation and handling of human remains.
 Analyze an embalming case.
 Execute the embalming procedure.
 Complete the procedures required to embalm a body.
 Demonstrate technical skills in restorative art that are necessary for the preparation and handling of human remains.
 Demonstrate accurate knowledge of reconstructive procedures for restoring facial features.
 Demonstrate appropriate application of cosmetics to a deceased human remains.
 Utilize appropriate techniques for placing a decedent in state for identification or for public viewing.
 Demonstrate skills required for conducting arrangement conferences, visitations, services, and ceremonies.
 Present merchandise options available to families.
 Present service options available to families.
 Demonstrate appropriate displays of religious equipment for various religious visitations.
 Apply the requirements and procedures for burial, cremation, and other accepted forms of disposition of human remains.
 Prepare an identification viewing for a decedent.
 Present appropriate disposition options to include, burial, cremation, green burial and alkaline hydrolysis.
 Demonstrate verbal and written communication skills needed for funeral service practice.
 Prepare an obituary for a decedent.
 Demonstrate appropriate funeral service terminology.
 Demonstrate appropriate professionalism skills including professional attire.
Competencies Revised Date: 2019 


MOR 941  Practicum Credits: 4 Lecture Hours: 0 Lab Hours: 0 Practicum Hours: 12 Work Experience: 0 Course Type: Voc/Tech Students will be assigned to a collegeapproved funeral home to learn procedures and policies and perform duties directly relating to the practice of funeral service as assigned by the preceptor, licensed funeral home staff and faculty members. Prerequisite: Completion of all Mortuary Science courses and consent of the program chairperson. Corequisite: MOR 390 and MOR 940 Competencies
 Demonstrate knowledge of conducting funeral services.
 Observe funeral arrangement conference with a licensed funeral director.
 Complete arrangement forms for funeral arrangements observed.
 Demonstrate active participation in a minimum of 5 funeral services by completing a Funeral Service Report for each service.
 Model principles and basic techniques of embalming a dead human body.
 Explain the conditions which impact the embalming cases.
 Plan the steps to complete the Embalming cases.
 Demonstrate active participation in a minimum of 5 embalming cases by completing an Embalming Report for each case.
 Model principles and basic techniques of cosmetizing and restoring of a dead human body.
 Explain the conditions which impact the restoration cases.
 Plan the steps to complete the Restoration cases.
 Demonstrate active participation in a minimum of 5 restorative/cosmetic cases by completing a Restorative Art Report for each case.
 Apply the laws and regulations governing funeral services.
 Present and explain the General Price List, Casket/Urn Price List, and Outer Burial Container Price List during the mock funeral arrangement conference.
 Complete and present a Statement of Goods & Services Selected form at the conclusion of the mock funeral arrangement conference.
 Prepare a death certificate.
 Perform essential tasks involved in basic funeral home operations.
 Simulate the funeral arrangement process in the presence of a faculty member.
 Complete an arrangement form during the mock funeral arrangement conference.
 Organize the tasks to be completed following the arrangement conference.
 Examine the services options available to families being served by a funeral director.
 Explain the various types of services (e.g. burial, cremation, etc.) offered by a funeral home.
 Show the various types of merchandise (e.g. caskets, urns, outer burial containers) offered in a selection room.
 List the various service location options for families.
 Perform duties and tasks as assigned by the licensed funeral director.
 Create an obituary.
 Create memorial products (e.g. register book, memorial folder, etc.)
 Simulate a minimum of two Notifications of Death and complete a report for each notification of death.
 Prepare a minimum of 2 visitations and complete a Visitation Report for each visitation.
 Show active participation in a minimum of 2 Transfers of remains by completing a Transfers of Remains report for each transfer.
 Create appropriate services for a family in a given scenario.
 Interview a faculty member to determine the information needed for a funeral.
 List the steps needed to complete the
 Develop a plan to complete the appropriate services for the family.
 Summarize the steps to be taken to complete the service.
Competencies Revised Date: 2019 
Musicapplied 


MUA 101  Applied Voice Credits: 1 Lecture Hours: 0 Lab Hours: 2 Practicum Hours: 0 Work Experience: 0 Course Type: General This course is for individual instruction in singing. Students receive weekly halfhour lessons during the Fall and Spring semesters and longer lessons during the shorter Summer semester. Students are accepted at all levels of experience. Students will study tone production, breath control, diction, literature, stage presence and general musicianship. When registering, students pay the cost of one DMACC credit plus a music lesson fee. There is no limit on the number of times a student may register for this course. However, only the most recent four semesters’ credits may be used as elective credit when applying for a DMACC degree. Competencies
 Identify proper technique for vocal performance
 Demonstrate proper posture
 Show use of proper breath support
 Demonstrate appropriate diction
 Learn the fundamentals of music theory
 Demonstrate ability to match pitches
 Demonstrate understanding of dynamics
 Demonstrate understanding of rhythm
 Demonstrate understanding of phrasing
 Perform vocal literature suitable to the experiential level of the student.



MUA 120  Applied Piano Credits: 1 Lecture Hours: 0 Lab Hours: 2 Practicum Hours: 0 Work Experience: 0 Course Type: General This course is for individual instruction in playing piano. Students receive weekly halfhour lessons during the Fall and Spring semesters and longer lessons during the shorter Summer semester. Students will study all aspects of piano technique, literature, stage presence and general musicianship. Students are accepted at all levels of experience. When registering, students pay the cost of one DMACC credit plus a music lesson fee. There is no limit on the number of times a student may register for this course. However, only the most recent four semesters’ credits may be used as elective credit when applying for a DMACC degree. Competencies
 Identify proper technique for piano performance
 Demonstrate proper posture
 Demonstrate proper arm and hand position
 Learn the fundamentals of music theory
 Demonstrate understanding of music notation.
 Provide evidence of an understanding of dynamics.
 Substantiate an understanding of rhythm
 Demonstrate understanding of melody
 Verify an understanding of phrasing
 Perform piano literature suitable to the experiential level of the student.



MUA 147  Applied Instrumental Credits: 1 Lecture Hours: 0 Lab Hours: 2 Practicum Hours: 0 Work Experience: 0 Course Type: General This course is for individual instruction in brass, woodwind, string, percussion instruments and in guitar. There is a separate course section for each instrument area; students must be sure to register in the section that is designated for the instrument they want to study. Students may register for more than one section, but a Drop/Add slip that is signed by the instructor must be used when registering for more than one section. Students receive weekly halfhour lessons during the Fall and Spring semesters and longer lessons during the shorter Summer semester. Students are accepted at all levels of experience. Students will study all aspects of technique, breath control (when applicable), literature, stage presence and general musicianship. When registering, students pay the cost of one DMACC credit plus a music lesson fee. There is no limit on the number of times a student may register for this course. However, only the most recent four semesters’ credits may be used as elective credit when applying for a DMACC degree. Competencies
 Identify proper technique for instrumental performance.
 Demonstrate proper posture
 Demonstrate proper position for the instrument.
 Demonstrate appropriate embouchure (wind instrumentalists).
 Demonstrate proper breath support
 Demonstrate an understanding of the following fundamentals of music theory
 Apply knowledge of the above fundamentals (3.0) to the interpretation of music.
 Perform literature suitable to the experiential level of the student

Musicgeneral 




MUS 102  Music Fundamentals Credits: 3 Lecture Hours: 3 Lab Hours: 0 Practicum Hours: 0 Work Experience: 0 Course Type: Core This course introduces students to the elements of music as they are taught in music classes from preschool through middle school. Basic information regarding the teaching of music and an introduction to using a piano as a teaching aid are included. This course includes a significant amount of student participation both in teaching music concepts to classmates and in being students who are being taught by classmates. Competencies
 Read the pitches of music
 Identify the pitches accurately in bass and treble clefs
 Play the pitches on the piano
 Play simple pieces on the piano
 Play simple pieces on the piano
 Play simple pieces on the recorder
 Read the rhythms of music
 Identify common meters.
 Label rhythmic patterns numerically
 Take rhythmic dictation.
 Perform common rhythms accurately
 Create rhythmic patterns.
 Recognize the harmonic aspects of music
 Investigate chord structure
 Perform basic chord progressions on the piano.
 Perform basic chordal accompaniments on the piano.
 Learn the vocabulary of music
 Learn to play the piano
 Identify the placement of common pitches.
 Play with appropriate hand position
 Utilize accurate fingering
 Practice for continued dexterity
 Learn basic conducting patterns.
 Conduct patterns
 Demonstrate an understanding of patterns when others are conduct¬ing
 Utilize appropriate breath control
 Practice for continued dexterity
 Learn the principles of good vocal technique.
 Breathe appropriately.
 Support the tone.
 Utilize appropriate diction techniques.
 Learn about music education.
 Investigate the child development theories of Piaget
 Relate the theories of Piaget to elementary school music
 Describe the music education methodology of Zoltan Kodaly.
 Describe the music education methodology of Carl Orff.
 Describe the music education methodology of Jacques Dalcr¬oze
 Learn about the elements of music.
 Utilize harmony as a tool for classroom instruction
 Utilize melody as a tool for classroom instruction
 Utilize form as a tool for classroom instruction
 Utilize rhythm as a tool for classroom instruction
 Utilize the elements of expression as tools for classroom instruction



MUS 106  Music Theory I Credits: 4 Lecture Hours: 3 Lab Hours: 2 Practicum Hours: 0 Work Experience: 0 Course Type: General All aspects of music theory will be introduced and explored with the experienced music student. Activities will include ear training, sight singing, keyboard training and written theory assignments. Competencies
 Review music notation
 Read pitch notation
 Read rhythmic notation
 Accurately interpret dynamic markings
 Study scales, tonality, key, and modes
 Identify specific tonalities
 Define specific tonalities
 Trace the historic development of musical tonality
 Perform in specific tonalities
 Learn intervallic relationships
 Identify intervals
 Define specific intervals
 Trace the historic development of intervals
 Play intervals
 Recognize chords
 Identify specific chords
 Define specific chords
 Study the historical development of musical harmony.
 Play a variety of chords
 Analyze music of specific style periods
 Define style analysis
 Trace the stylistic development of music.
 Study specific analytical procedure
 Study instrumental and vocal timbre
 Define instrumental and vocal range
 Trace the historical development of musical ensembles
 Apply methods of instrumental and vocal transposition
 Study harmony
 Identify specific cadence qualities
 Identify nonharmonic tones
 Analyze harmonic rhythm
 Trace the historic development of the harmonic aspect of music.
 Identify specific harmonies.
 Play specific harmonies at the piano
 Study melody
 Identify specific melodic organization
 Trace the historic development of melody
 Perform specific melodies
 Identify melodic structure
 Define melodic analysis
 Trace the historic development of melodic analysis
 Analyze melodies
 Learn the principles of rhythm
 Identify specific rhythmic aspects of music
 Study the historical development of rhythmic principles
 Perform specific rhythms
 Study musical textures
 Define the various aspects of musical texture
 Trace the historical development of musical texture
 Analyze specific musical textures



MUS 107  Music Theory II Credits: 4 Lecture Hours: 3 Lab Hours: 2 Practicum Hours: 0 Work Experience: 0 Course Type: General As a sequel to Music Theory I, this course will examine music theory in greater complexity and will emphasize the harmonic aspects of music. Activities will include ear training, sight singing, keyboard skills and written theory assignments. Prerequisite: MUS 106 Competencies
 Learn voice leading in fourpart chorale writing
 Define voice leading in fourpart chorale writing
 Trace the historic development of voice leading in fourpart chorale writing through study of the chorales of J.S. Bach
 Apply knowledge of voice leading in fourpart chorale writing to musical analysis
 Generate examples of stylistic fourpart chorale writing
 Learn the principles of harmonic chord progressions
 Define harmonic chord progression
 Trace the historical development of harmonic chord progression
 Play harmonic chord progressions.
 Learn to harmonize a tonal melody
 Study the dominant seventh chord
 Define the dominant seventh chord
 Trace the historical development of the dominant seventh chord
 Identify the dominant seventh chord.
 Play the dominant seventh chord
 Utilize knowledge of the dominant seventh chord in harmonic analysis
 Study the leadingtone seventh chord
 Define the leadingtone seventh chord
 Trace the historical development of the leadingtone seventh chord
 Identify the leadingtone seventh chord.
 Play the leadingtone seventh chord
 Utilize knowledge of the leadingtone seventh chord in harmonic analysis.
 Study nondominant seventh chords.
 Define the nondominant seventh chord
 Trace the historical development of the nondominant seventh chord
 Identify the nondominant seventh chord.
 Play the nondominant seventh chord
 Utilize knowledge of the nondominant seventh chord in harmonic analysis
 Study harmonic modulation
 Define harmonic modulation
 Trace the historical development of harmonic modulation.
 Play traditional harmonic modulations.
 Perform harmonizing melodies that modulate
 Study secondary dominant chords
 Define secondary dominant chords
 Trace the historical development of secondary dominant chords
 Identify secondary dominant chords.
 Play secondary dominant chords
 Utilize knowledge of secondary dominant chords in harmonic analysis.
 Study leadingtone chords
 Define leadingtone chords
 Trace the historical development of leadingtone chords
 Identify leadingtone chords
 Play leadingtone chords
 Utilize knowledge of leadingtone chords in harmonic analysis.
 Study twopart (binary) form.
 Define twopart (binary) form.
 Trace the historic development of twopart (binary) form
 Apply knowledge of twopart (binary) form to musical analysis
 Study threepart (ternary) form.
 Define threepart (ternary) form
 Trace the historic development of threepart (ternary) form
 Apply knowledge of threepart (ternary) form to musical analysis.



MUS 143  Concert Choir Credits: 3 Lecture Hours: 3 Lab Hours: 0 Practicum Hours: 0 Work Experience: 0 Course Type: General Concert choir is open to all students; however, it is expected that those who register for this course will be able to learn the choral part to which they are assigned and to sing it correctly when singing with the whole choir. At the start of the student’s first enrollment in this course, he/she must sing alone during an interview with the conductor. The goals of the interview are: 1. to start becoming acquainted; 2. to allow the conductor to hear the student’s voice; 3. to allow the student and conductor to agree on the voice part to which the student will be assigned. The choir sings a wide variety of choral literature, chosen to expand the student’s choral music background. Performances serve as the midterm and final exams. Registration in Concert Choir may be repeated indefinitely, but only the most recent 12 credits apply toward a DMACC degree. Competencies
 Identify proper technique for vocal performance
 Demonstrate the proper technique for vocal performance
 Demonstrate appropriate relaxation techniques.
 Demonstrate proper posture
 Demonstrate proper breath support
 Demonstrate appropriate diction
 Demonstrate an understanding of the following fundamentals of music theory
 Match pitches
 Demonstrate understanding of dynamics
 Demonstrate understanding of rhythm
 Demonstrate understanding of phrasing
 Perform choral literature suitable to the experiential level of the group
 Perform literature from all historic periods
 Perform with historic perspective
 Perform literature from a variety of styles
 Cooperate as part of a social group
 Participate as a leader
 Participate as a member
 Accept the social differences of others
 Cooperate as a part of a musical performance group
 Sing a particular voice part while other parts are being sung
 Watch the director.
 Appreciate the musical gifts of all people
 Perform in a variety of settings
 Perform for a variety of people
 Represent the school in a variety of situations
 Exemplify a model of appropriate behavior on stage
 Model appropriate behavior off stage.
 React with poise to an audience



MUS 202  World Music Credits: 3 Lecture Hours: 3 Lab Hours: 0 Practicum Hours: 0 Work Experience: 0 Course Type: Core This course is a survey of musical styles from countries whose music is primarily based on concepts that are not part of the Western culture music tradition. The list of cultures whose music will be studied includes, but is not limited to, African, Chinese, Japanese, Indian, cultures from the Near East, and indigenous cultures from the Americas. Competencies
 Learn, for the purpose of reference, Western Civilization music generalities.
 Know what countries the Western Civilization includes.
 Know what the tonal system is and what its importance is.
 Know what the metric system is and what its importance is.
 Know and be able to sue in writing and in conversation other basic music terms that are appropriate to the basic understanding of Western Civilization musical styles.
 Learn global geography.
 Locate on a global map the countries that are included in Western Civilization culture.
 Locate on a global map the countries that are outside the Western Civilization culture.
 Learn about the geography of the NonWestern civilization cultures that are included in this course so as to be prepared to understand how musical styles can be related to the geography of the environments in which they were created.
 Identify musical characteristics of the music generic to India.
 Study the culture and how music fits into it.
 Learn about the timbres that are generic to this culture.
 Learn about the notational system, if one exists.
 Learn what are the major sources of music.
 Learn who are the major persons involved in the creation, performance, and promotion of music.
 Identify musical characteristics of the music generic to the Middle East.
 Study the culture and how music fits into it.
 Learn about the timbres that are generic to this culture.
 Learn about the notational system, if one exists.
 Learn what are the major sources of music.
 Learn who are the major persons involved in the creation, performance, and promotion of music.
 Identify musical characteristics of the music generic to China.
 Study the culture and how music fits into it.
 Learn about the timbres that are generic to this culture.
 Learn about the notational system, if one exists.
 Learn what are the major sources of music.
 Learn who are the major persons involved in the creation, performance, and promotion of music.
 Identify musical characteristics of the music generic to Japan.
 Study the culture and how music fits into it.
 Learn about the timbres that are generic to this culture.
 Learn about the notational system, if one exists.
 Learn what are the major sources of music.
 Learn who are the major persons involved in the creation, performance, and promotion of music.
 Identify musical characteristics of the music generic to Indonesia
 Study the culture and how music fits into it.
 Learn about the timbres that are generic to this culture.
 Learn about the notational system, if one exists.
 Learn what are the major sources of music.
 Learn who are the major persons involved in the creation, performance, and promotion of music.
 Identify musical characteristics of the music generic to SubSaharan Africa.
 Study the culture and how music fits into it.
 Study the culture and how music fits into it.
 Learn about the timbres that are generic to this culture.
 Learn about the notational system, if one exists.
 Learn what are the major sources of music.
 Learn who are the major persons involved in the creation, performance, and promotion of music
 Identify musical characteristics of the music generic to Latin America.
 Study the culture and how music fits into it.
 Learn about the timbres that are generic to this culture.
 Learn about the notational system, if one exists.
 Learn what are the major sources of music.
 Learn who are the major persons involved in the creation, performance, and promotion of music.
 Identify musical characteristics of the music generic to the Caribbean.
 Study the culture and how music fits into it.
 Learn about the timbres that are generic to this culture.
 Learn about the notational system, if one exists.
 Learn what are the major sources of music.
 Learn who are the major persons involved in the creation, performance, and promotion of music.
 Identify musical characteristics of the music generic to native American Music.
 Study the culture and how music fits into it.
 Learn about the timbres that are generic to this culture.
 Learn about the notational system, if one exists.
 Learn what are the major sources of music.
 Learn who are the major persons involved in the creation, performance, and promotion of music.
 Identify musical characteristics of the music generic to Ethnic North America.
 Study the culture and how music fits into it.
 Learn about the timbres that are generic to this culture.
 Learn about the notational system, if one exists.
 Learn what are the major sources of music.
 Learn who are the major persons involved in the creation, performance, and promotion of music.
 Identify characteristics of the music generic to other parts of the world as is appropriate to the focus of this course.
 Study the culture and how music fits into it.
 Learn about the timbres that are generic to this culture.
 Learn about the notational system, if one exists.
 Learn what are the major sources of music.
 Learn who are the major persons involved in the creation, performance, and promotion of music.





MUS 205  Jazz History and Appreciation Credits: 3 Lecture Hours: 3 Lab Hours: 0 Practicum Hours: 0 Work Experience: 0 Course Type: Core This course is a survey of the development of American jazz from the late 19th century to the present, with emphasis on its ethnic origins, cities where jazz developed, styles that evolved and the influential composers and performers who created the various jazz styles. Competencies
 Demonstrate knowledge of jazz characteristics
 Discuss the use of musical elements in jazz
 Identify musical instruments as used in jazz
 Demonstrate knowledge of forms
 Understand the importance of improvisation in jazz performances
 Demonstrate knowledge of the roots of jazz
 Discuss the music styles on which jazz is based
 Know the areas of the United States in which jazz developed
 Know how jazz fits into the culture of the areas where it was developed
 Know the important jazz composers
 Know the important jazz performers
 Demonstrate knowledge of New Orleans Style jazz
 Discuss its history
 Know the relationship between Blues and the New Orleans Style of jazz
 Identify its stylistic traits
 Know its important composers
 Know its important performers
 Identify representative compositions by sound
 Demonstrate knowledge of jazz as it developed in New York City
 Discuss its history
 Know its stylistic traits
 Know its important composers
 Know its important performers
 Identify representative compositions by sound
 Demonstrate knowledge of the Swing style of jazz
 Discuss its history
 Know its stylistic traits
 Know its important composers
 Know its important performers
 Identify representative compositions by sound
 Demonstrate knowledge of Bop
 Discuss its history
 Know its stylistic traits
 Know its important composers
 Know its important performers
 Identify representative compositions by sound
 Demonstrate knowledge of Cool Jazz
 Discuss its history
 Know its stylistic traits
 Know its important composers
 Know its important performers
 Identify representative compositions by sound
 Demonstrate knowledge of Fusion
 Discuss its history
 Know its stylistic traits
 Know its important composers
 Know its important performers
 Identify representative compositions by sound
 Demonstrate knowledge of Jazz Rock
 Discuss its history
 Know its stylistic traits
 Know its important composers
 Know its important performers
 Identify representative compositions by sound
 Demonstrate knowledge of other jazz styles as are appropriate to the focus of this course
 Discuss their history
 Know their stylistic traits
 Know their important composers
 Know their important performers
 Identify representative compositions by sound



MUS 275  Chamber Ensemble Credits: 3 Lecture Hours: 3 Lab Hours: 0 Practicum Hours: 0 Work Experience: 0 Course Type: General This choral ensemble is open by audition to all DMACC students. Students who want to sing in this ensemble must arrange an audition time with the choral conductor at the start of the semester. Registration in Chamber Ensemble may be repeated indefinitely, but only the most recent 12 credits apply toward a DMACC degree. The Chamber Ensemble performs a variety of choral music, which is generally more difficult than the music performed by the Concert Choir. Prior choral performance experience is recommended, but not required for participation. Singers are required to sing in two performances per semester, which serve as the midterm and final exams. Prerequisite: Audition with the conductor Competencies
 Identify proper technique for vocal performance.
 Demonstrate the proper techniques for a vocal performance.
 Demonsttrate appropriate relaxation techniques.
 Demonstrate proper breath support.
 Demonstrate appropriate diction.
 Demonstrate an understanding of the following fundamentals of music theory.
 Match pitches.
 Demonstrate an understanding of dynamics.
 Demonstrate understanding of rhythm.
 Demonstrate understanding of phrasing.
 Perform choral literature suitable to the experiential level of the group.
 Perform literature from all historic periods.
 Perform with historic perspective.
 Perform literature from a variety of styles.
 Work cooperatively as part of a social group.
 Participate as a leader.
 Participate as a member.
 Develop an appreciation for the musical gifts of all people.
 Work cooperatively as part of a musical performance group.
 Represent the school in a variety of situations.
 Exemplify appropriate behavior on stage.
 Model appropriate behavior off stage.
 Perform literature which is more difficult than that of the Concert Choir.
 Audition for places in the Chamber Choir.
 Demonstrate vocal technique.
 Demonstrate pitch matching ability.
 Demonstrate harmonizing ability.



MUS 329  MedievalRenaiss. His/Theory Credits: 4 Lecture Hours: 3 Lab Hours: 2 Practicum Hours: 0 Work Experience: 0 Course Type: General As a part of the music history/theory sequence, this course examines the theoretical foundations and historical structure of music before 1600. Topics include chant, modal theory, text underlay, liturgy, historical notation, choral and instrumental music, patronage, and musical forms related to this time period. Ear Training and Sightsinging are also continued. Prerequisite: MUS 107 Competencies 1. Interpret music in antiquity
1. Analyze the earliest music
2. Discover the role of music in ancient Greek life and thought.
3. Discuss the role of music in ancient Rome
2. Examine the Christian Church in the first millennium
1. Explain the role of music in the early church
2. Distinguish the divisions in the church and dialects of chant
3. Trace the development of musical notation
4. Demonstrate comprehension through theoretical analysis
3. Integrate Roman Liturgy and chant
1. Outline the parts of the Mass
2. Break down the characteristics of chant
3. Classify genres and forms of chant
4. Characterize Hildegaard of Bingen
4. Categorize song and dance music to 1300
1. Summarize European society, 8001300
2. Compare and contrast Latin and Vernacular song
3. Describe minstrels, troubadours, and trouvères
4. Outline early musical forms
5. Give examples of secular music
5. Assess polyphony through the thirteenth century
1. Explain organum
2. Analyze aquitanian polyphony
3. Explain Notre Dame polyphony
4. Define motet
5. Name examples of English polyphony
6. Examine new musical developments in the fourteenth century
1. Generalize European society in the fourteenth century
2. Summarize the Ars Nova in France
3. Illustrate the innovations in writing and rhythm
4. Analyze the formes fixes.
5. Discuss the contributions of Guillaume de Machaut
6. Review fourteenth century music in performance
7. Integrate music and the Renaissance
1. Summarize elements of European society from 14001600
2. Paraphrase the role of the Renaissance on culture and art
3. Identify music in the Renaissance
4. Predict the legacy of the Renaissance
8. Evaluate the music from England and Burgundy in the fifteenth century
1. Describe English music
2. Describe music in the Burgundian Lands
3. Discuss the contributions of Guillaume du Fay
4. Examine the polyphonic Mass
9. Assess FrancoFlemish composers, 14501520
1. Outline political change and consolidation
2. Discuss Josquin Desprez
10. Interpret sacred music in the era of the reformation
1. Discuss the reformation
2. Compare and contrast music in the Lutheran church and the Catholic Church
3. Summarize music in Calvinist churches
4. Discuss church music in England
5. Discuss Palestrina and his role in musical evolution
6. Compare and contrast music in Spain, the new world, Germany, and Eastern Europe
7. Examine Jewish music
8. Predict the legacy of sixteenth century sacred music
11. Evaluate the madrigal and secular song in the sixteenth century
1. Compare and contrast the music of Spain, Italy, France, Germany, and England
2. Examine the Italian madrigal
3. Classify the madrigal and its impact
12. Point out the rise of instrumental music
1. List the instruments used during this era
2. List the types of instrumental music
3. Explain the role of dance music
4. Describe Venetian music
5. Predict the impact of instrumental music on future musical eras
13. Incorporate and refine music literacy through aural theory and applied theory
1. Demonstrate competency in sightreading
2. Demonstrate competency in ear training by way of dictation
3. Construct composition(s) using period techniques.



Optometric/Ophthalmic Assistant 


OPT 110  Ophthalmic Pretesting Credits: 2 Lecture Hours: 1 Lab Hours: 2 Practicum Hours: 0 Work Experience: 0 Course Type: Voc/Tech This course covers the relationships between optometry, ophthalmology and opticianry and various paraprofessional careers in vision care. The course involves the study of and practical experience in patient pretesting, i.e., case history, visual acuity, color vision, pupil evaluation, depth perception, and the specialized testing procedures of keratometry and blood pressure measurement. Competencies
 Operate the refracting unit
 Perform patient positioning in refracting chair
 Operate the manual projector
 Identify instruments in the exam lane
 Explain usage of instruments in exam lane
 Analyze case histories
 Differentiate amongst different components of a case history
 Practice performing case history
 Design a case history form
 Determine functions of the case history
 Assess appropriate followup questions for specific chief complaints
 Define and explain types of headaches and their symptoms
 Perform blood pressure measurement
 Identify parts of sphygmomanometer
 Define systolic and diastolic pressure
 Measure patient’s blood pressures
 Define blood pressure referral criteria
 Explain the five Korotkoff sounds
 Interpret the blood pressure finding
 Identify possible procedure errors during blood pressure measurement including but not limited to arm position and cuff size
 Analyze visual acuity and procedures
 Define Snellen fraction
 Analyze factors affecting visual acuity
 Measure a patient’s visual acuity and accurately record
 Explain visual acuity findings in layman?s terms
 differentiate amongst the various charts.
 Explain the pinhole test
 Analyze entrance tests
 Measure pupillary distance manually and with a pupillometer
 Differentiate among different color testing instruments and measure color vision
 Explain and perform unilateral and alternating cover tests at distance and near
 Explain, perform and interpret dictions testing
 Determine a patient’s eye dominance and explain to patient in layman?s terms
 Perform stereopsis testing
 Explain, perform and interpret pupil evaluation
 Differentiate among
 Summarize uses and results of keratometry
 Identify parts of a keratometer
 Define keratometry
 Measure a patient?s corneal curvature and interpret findings
 Perform routine keratometer calibration and maintenance.
 Identify types of corneal astigmatism
 Calculate amount of corneal astigmatism
 Calculate total ocular astigmatism
 Summarize the three ophthalmic professions (The Three O’s)
 Define Optometrist, ophthalmologist and Optician.
 Explain educational requirements for each of the three professions
 Explain the professional relationship among the three professions
 Differentiate among dispensing optician and manufacturing optician
 Identify state and national organizations for the three O’s.
 Summarize ophthalmic paraprofessionals
 Differentiate the ophthalmic paraprofessions
 Define optometric/ophthalmic technician
 Analyze certifications associated with paraprofessionals



OPT 112  Ophthalmic Specialty Testing Credits: 3 Lecture Hours: 2 Lab Hours: 2 Practicum Hours: 0 Work Experience: 0 Course Type: Voc/Tech This course provides the student experience and knowledge in the areas of special vision care procedures: subjective refraction, tonometry (noncontact and Goldmann), visual field testing, slit lamp, basic concepts of orthoptics, and the treatment of eye diseases. This course also prepares the technician to assist the doctor in advanced office techniques in the area of ultrasound and inoffice surgical procedures. Also covered are medications commonly prescribed for systemic conditions. Patient instruction and assistance are emphasized in laboratory sessions. Prerequisite: OPT 110 , OPT 120 , OPT 123 Competencies
 Characterize tonometers and demonstrate tonometry
 Analyze tonometer types
 Explore application tonometry principles
 Perform noncontact tonometry
 Perform tonopen applanation tonometry
 Perform Goldmann applanation tonometry
 Differentiate glaucoma
 Explore glaucoma risk factors
 Distinguish amongst various types of glaucoma
 Analyze glaucoma signs and symptoms
 Classify glaucoma medications
 Examine the visual pathway
 Summarize visual field terminology
 Analyze components of the visual pathway
 Characterize general and focal visual field defects
 Compare different field vision testing techniques including manual, automated, kinetic, static, screening, and diagnostic perimetry
 Measure the visual field by using the above techniques
 Examine subjective and objective refraction
 Summarize subjective refraction goals
 Explain subjective refraction complications
 Calculate spherical equivalent
 Practice retinopathy on patients
 Find patient’s distance subjective refraction endpoint
 Perform best sphere testing
 Perform cylinder testing
 Practice binocular balance techniques
 Compute subjective endpoint
 Characterize nonocular emergencies
 Summarize first aid treatment for open wounds
 Review first aid treatment for fainting.
 Examine first aid treatment for shock
 Become certified in cardiopulmonary resuscitation and perform automated difibrillation techniques
 Explore first aid treatment for stroke
 Examine first aid treatment for seizure
 Perform infection cotnrol protocols after receiving bloodborne pathogen training
 Examine ocular emergencies
 Analyze common ocular conditions.
 Review common bacteria that affect the eye
 Examine emergency ocular situations
 Analyze high priority situations
 Analyze and demonstrate slit lamp examination procedures
 Review ocular anterior segment anatomy
 Explore slit illumination techniques
 Distinguish three corneal layers
 Examine anterior segment of the eye
 Estimate anterior chamber using Von Herrick technique
 Classify ocular pharmaceuticals and common systemic pharmaceuticals.
 Summarize ocular diagnostic pharmaceutical agents.
 Examine ocular therapeutic pharmaceutical agents
 Analyze potential side effects from ocular medications
 Explore ocular side effects from systemic medications
 Examine binocularity
 Analyze amblyopia
 Discuss strabismus
 Differentiate heterophorias and heterotopias
 Examine other specialty ocular examination techniques
 Explore ultrasonic testing
 Perform instrument sterilizations
 Analyze inoffice surgical procedures
 Explore emerging technologies



OPT 120  Basic Optical Concepts/Optics Credits: 3 Lecture Hours: 2 Lab Hours: 2 Practicum Hours: 0 Work Experience: 0 Course Type: Voc/Tech This course covers the properties of light and the function of a lens in vision correction. This course begins the study of the neutralization and verification of spectacle lens powers, to include spherical, cylindrical and prism lenses. Competencies
 Review mathematical principles
 Solve positive/negative number problems
 Solve simple algebraic equations
 Perform metric conversions
 Investigate the principles of light
 Examine electromagnetic light spectrum
 Explore the laws of reflection and solve simple reflection problems
 Analyze Snell’s Law of Refraction
 Discuss index of refraction and solve simple refraction problems
 Analyze refraction of multiple light rays
 Examine different distortions found in lenses
 Explore concept of pantoscopic tilt
 Analyze lens designs to correct distortions
 Solve simple vergence problems
 Explore curved refracting surfaces
 Differentiate between convex and concave curvatures
 Distinguish between spherical and cylindrical lenses
 Perform hand neutralization of concave and convex lenses
 Measure front and back lens surfaces with a lens clock.
 Analyze lens formulas
 Transpose plus to minus lens formula and vice versa
 Draw a power cross from a lens formula
 Calculate a lens formula from a power cross
 Solve power cross problems
 Investigate optical properties of the eye
 Examine the function of the eye
 Explore the optical properties of the eye
 Identify refractive errors including emmetropia, hyperopia, myopia, astigmatism, presbyopia, aphakia, pseudophakia
 Describe types of optical correction for refractive error correction
 Examine and practice using a lensometer
 Identify parts of a manual lensometer
 Practice focusing eyepiece
 Explain the difference between the optical center of a lens and the geometric center of a lens
 Identify the major reference point of a lens
 Examine the power adjustment of the lensometer
 Analyze and practice neutralization of lenses
 Determine power of spherical, spherocylindrical and multifocal lenses
 Mark optical center of above lens types using a lensometer.
 Measure the distance between optical centers of the three lens types
 Measure the distance between near optical centers of multifocal lenses.
 Analyze accepted lens tolerances and standards
 Determine a lens base curve
 Calculate minimum lens thickness.
 Apply ANSI standards chart
 differentiate between neutralization and verification
 Differentiate methods of hardening glass lenses
 Explain the drop ball test
 Explore FDA lens requirements for dress and safety lenses
 Analyze prism power and practice neutralization of prism power
 Explore the uses of prism in lenses
 Measure horizontal and vertical prism using lensometer
 Explore concepts of decentration and jump.
 Identify prismatic effect and vertical imbalance
 Demonstrate verification of lenses
 Verify lens orders using lensometer
 Apply ANSI standards
 Calculate induced prism



OPT 123  Ocular Anatomy and Physiology Credits: 2 Lecture Hours: 2 Lab Hours: 0 Practicum Hours: 0 Work Experience: 0 Course Type: Voc/Tech This course is intended to familiarize the technician with the form and function of the human eye. The foundation of the lecture material is the anatomy of the eye, but we will discuss the physiology and function of the eye as much as possible. We will also discuss the actions and uses of diagnostic pharmaceutical agents, as their function is based on interference with normal ocular physiology. This course also covers optometric terminology. Competencies
 Analyze basic ocular structures and functions
 Explain basic structures of the eye
 Explore primary functions of each structure
 Identify basic fundus landmarks
 Explore outer adnexa and lacrimal system
 Identify protective and orientation structures of outer adnexa
 Discuss functions of the external ocular structures.
 Examine the anatomy of the lacrimal apparatus
 Analyze composition and function of tear film
 Observe characteristics of conjunctiva
 Perform tear analysis
 Perform lid eversion
 Discuss conjunctivitis symptoms and causes
 Analyze outer tunic of the eye
 Distinguish the layers of the cornea
 Explain functions of the cornea
 Explore corneal physiology
 Compare and contrast characteristics of sclera compared to cornea
 Summarize organizational anatomy at posterior pole.
 Distinguish corneal pathologies
 Classify and instill ocular anesthetics
 Examine limbus and anterior angle and chamber
 Review limbal structures
 Analyze anterior chamber and aqueous fluid drainage system
 Conclude how aqueous fluid is involved with intraocular pressure
 Explain narrow angle glaucoma
 Explain open angle glaucoma
 Analyze iris component of uveal layer
 Identify iris muscles and innervations
 Assess iris functions
 Explain papillary reflexes of miosis and mydriasis
 Explain how iris pigment is involved with iris color
 Analyze ciliary body, lens and accommodation
 Examine structures and functions of the ciliary body
 Identify how lens is suspended from ciliary body
 Define aphakia, pseudophakia, cataract, presbyopia
 Explain the function of accommodation and structures affected during this process
 Describe the accommodative triad
 Identify structural characteristics of lens and how they relate to lens function
 Analyze agerelated changes to these structures
 Explore common ocular drugs
 Identify diagnostic pharmaceutical agents and ocular structures affected by these agents
 Examine parasympathomimetic drugs
 Analyze parasypathlytic drugs
 Explain sympathomimetic drugs
 Verify written ocular drug prescriptions
 Practice protocol to use when calling a doctor’s prescription into a pharmacy
 Analyze choroid, vitreous and retina.
 Describe anatomical organization of the choroid and how it relates to function
 Identify location and composition of the vitreous
 Describe general organization of the retina
 Examine different neuron types of the retina
 Differentiate between locations of rod and cone photoreceptors
 Identify macula lutea, fovea centralis and optic disk/blind spot
 Examine retinal diseases
 Identify bones of the skull and orbit
 Describe the cranial and facial bones
 Label major orbital openings
 Describe major orbital landmarks
 Locate orbital sinuses
 Demonstrate color vision knowledge
 Identify the different cone pigments
 Perform color vision testing
 Describe color vision genetics
 Identify and analyze extraocular muscles and eye movements
 Identify the location, innervations and action of the six extraocular muscles
 Discuss saccades, smooth pursuit movements and reflex eye movements
 Examine disorders involving the extraocular muscles
 Analyze both monocular movements and binocular movements
 Analyze the visual pathway
 Outline the visual pathway from optic nerve to the visual cortex
 Describe the decussation of fibers in the optic chiasm
 Describe the projections found in the cerebrum.
 Investigate how the visual pathway arrangement relates to the visual field



OPT 130  Ophthalmic Dispensing I Credits: 2 Lecture Hours: 1 Lab Hours: 2 Practicum Hours: 0 Work Experience: 0 Course Type: Voc/Tech This course covers frame definition, parts and types of frames, measurement of frames and lenses, alignment of frames, inserting and removing lenses, and an introduction to dispensing of eyewear and frame repairs. Competencies
 Analyze eyewear components
 Accurately describe different frame materials
 Identify frame materials
 Discriminate among different frame types
 Be able to examine and identify frame components
 Measure frames in optical standards of measure.
 Differentiate between different systems for frame measurement
 Demonstrate accuracy in measuring eyesize, B measurement, DBL, temple length, csize, minimum blank size
 Calculate the frame difference
 Insert and remove lenses from eyewear
 Insert lenses into frames of different materials
 Remove lenses from frames of different materials
 Shrink plastic and metal frames
 Stretch a plastic frame
 Identify and use appropriate tools when needed to insert and remove lenses
 Identify and use adjustment tools
 Distinguish amongst the different adjustment tools
 Demonstrate adjustment tool usage
 Identify situations when different tools are used
 Manipulate frames to demonstrate eyewear alignment procedures
 Perform adjustments on frames of different materials
 Demonstrate correct tool usage in adjustment process
 Practices proper eyewear handling techniques
 Uses proper eyewear cleaning techniques
 Identify and explain frame styling techniques
 Describe different face shapes
 Demonstrate basic frame styling techniques
 Practice frame styling by role playing exercise
 Describe frame inventory systems
 Outline frame buying procedures



OPT 132  Ophthalmic Dispensing II Credits: 2 Lecture Hours: 1 Lab Hours: 2 Practicum Hours: 0 Work Experience: 0 Course Type: Voc/Tech This course assists the student in developing a mastery of the alignment, adjustment of eyewear and lensometry. It also covers the various lens materials, multifocal styles and lens tints. This class also addresses general office procedures, maintaining patient records and learning about third party billing. Prerequisite: OPT 130 , OPT 120 Competencies
 Demonstrate eyewear dispensing skills
 Practice by participating in dispensing lab activities
 Calculate lens neutralization at a minimum 80% accuracy
 Complete frame adjustment at minimum 80% accuracy
 Identify patient eyewear needs
 Accurately complete eyewear sales order including cost calculations
 Practice ordering eyewear via internet and verbally
 Use frame catalog
 Identify lens materials
 Differentiate different lens materials
 Student will explain uses of different materials
 Discriminate amongst different indices of refraction amongst materials
 Determine patient lens material needs
 Identify progressive addition lenses (PAL’s
 Differentiate amongst various progressive addition lenses
 Neutralize PAL’s
 Identify frame styling considerations for PAL’s
 Perform patient education about PAL’s
 Measure height of PAL’s
 Practice troubleshooting techniques with progressive addition lenses
 Identify other multifocals
 Differentiate different multifocal types and styles
 Neutralize and verify multifocal parameters (height, width, power).
 Determine patient multifocal needs
 Recognize different lens tints
 Discriminate amongst different lens tints
 Explain uses of lens tints to patients
 Recognize patient lens tint needs
 Compare and contrast special lens treatments
 Identify special lens treatments
 Explain uses of special lens treatments
 Recognize patient special lens treatment needs
 Demonstrate frame repair abilities
 Replace temple screws in spring hinge and nonspring hinge frames
 Replace eyewire screws and nosepad screws
 Remove a broken frame screw
 Replace nylon cording in semirimless frame
 Install lens liner in frame
 Replace adjustable nose pads
 Locate loaner frame to match a lens shape
 Perform general office procedures
 Use proper telephone etiquette
 Schedule appointments and manage recall system
 Maintain patient records including EMR
 Maintain confidentiality and applicable ethical and legal standards
 Perform financial transactions including ordering eyewear
 Introduce third part reimbursement processes and practice using different reimbusement types



OPT 140  Contact Lenses Credits: 3 Lecture Hours: 2 Lab Hours: 2 Practicum Hours: 0 Work Experience: 0 Course Type: Voc/Tech This course gives the student indepth exposure to the technical aspects of a clinical contact lens practice. Lecture and laboratory experiences emphasize lens verification, patient education and evaluation. Prerequisite: OPT 120 , OPT 110 , OPT 123 Competencies
 Identify role of optometric/ophthalmic technician in contact lens practice.
 Review contact lens terminology
 Explain contact lens terminology to patient
 Observe basic contact lens examination and fitting
 Analyze rigid contact lenses (RGP’s
 Discuss optical principles of RGP’s
 Review patient instructions and education regarding RGP’s
 Perform RGP lens verification
 Apply troubleshooting techniques to assess RGP fitting problems
 Practice RGP modification techniques
 Analyze soft contact lenses
 Differentiate between hydrogel versus siliconehydrogel lenses
 Review patient instructions and education regarding soft contact lenses
 Identify differences amongst daily wear, flex wear and extended wear schedules
 Discuss therapeutic contact lens use.
 Relate how anatomical and physiological characteristics of a patient’s eyes affect contact lens fitting options
 Analyze corneal topography usage and results
 Distinguish amongst spherical, toric and presbyopic contact lens options
 Examine cosmetic and prosthetic contact lens options
 Identify ocular complications of contact lens usage
 Review corneal pathologies
 Discuss contact lens fitting after refractive surgery
 Review contact lens fitting procedures
 Perform contact lens preliminary measurements
 Observe contact lens fitting procedures
 Practice fitting techniques
 Explain importance of tear film evaluation in fitting process.
 Perform basic office procedures relating to contact lenses
 Write contact lens orders with accurate parameters
 Identify troubleshooting techniques to correctly triage patients with contact lens issues
 Verify contact lens orders
 Discuss basics of insurance relating to contact lens examinations and materials ordering
 Identify parameters used to sort contact lenses in the diagnostic inventory



OPT 803  Preclinical Credits: 1 Lecture Hours: 0 Lab Hours: 0 Practicum Hours: 3 Work Experience: 0 Course Type: Voc/Tech This course prepares the student for clinical affiliation by having them complete vision screenings on patients. Discussions are held analyzing the results of the screening as well as the student’s performance. Also included in this course will be an introduction to office management techniques including appointment setting and triage, HIPAA, and insurance claim processing. Prerequisite: OPT 110 , OPT 120 Corequisite: OPT 112 Competencies
 Use skills learned in OPT 112 in a coordinated manner to complete vision screenings
 Perform assigned tests on scheduled patients
 Maintain safety and welfare of the patients
 Practice patient communication
 Interpret vision screening results
 Perform limited duties of a receptionist/front desk worker
 Greet patients
 Prepare the necessary forms for the technician
 Maintain examination area neatness
 Make sure examination area is properly equipped
 Assists as otherwise instructed
 Analyze results of vision screening
 Discuss results with instructor
 Complete screening reports
 Analyze written summary given by instructor to improve skills for next screening


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