May 21, 2024  
2020-2021 Course Catalog 
    
2020-2021 Course Catalog [ARCHIVED CATALOG]

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OPT 110 - Ophthalmic Pretesting

Credits: 2
Lecture Hours: 1
Lab Hours: 2
Practicum Hours: 0
Work Experience: 0
Course Type: Voc/Tech
This course covers the relationships between optometry, ophthalmology and opticianry and various paraprofessional careers in vision care. The course involves the study of and practical experience in patient pretesting, i.e., case history, visual acuity, color vision, pupil evaluation, depth perception, and the specialized testing procedures of keratometry and blood pressure measurement.
Competencies
  1. Operate the refracting unit
    1. Perform patient positioning in refracting chair
    2. Operate the manual projector
    3. Identify instruments in the exam lane
    4. Explain usage of instruments in exam lane
  2. Analyze case histories
    1. Differentiate amongst different components of a case history
    2. Practice performing case history
    3. Design a case history form
    4. Determine functions of the case history
    5. Assess appropriate follow-up questions for specific chief complaints
    6. Define and explain types of headaches and their symptoms
  3. Perform blood pressure measurement
    1. Identify parts of sphygmomanometer
    2. Define systolic and diastolic pressure
    3. Measure patient’s blood pressures
    4. Define blood pressure referral criteria
    5. Explain the five Korotkoff sounds
    6. Interpret the blood pressure finding
    7. Identify possible procedure errors during blood pressure measurement including but not limited to arm position and cuff size
  4. Analyze visual acuity and procedures
    1. Define Snellen fraction
    2. Analyze factors affecting visual acuity
    3. Measure a patient’s visual acuity and accurately record
    4. Explain visual acuity findings in layman?s terms
    5. differentiate amongst the various charts.
    6. Explain the pinhole test
  5. Analyze entrance tests
    1. Measure pupillary distance manually and with a pupillometer
    2. Differentiate among different color testing instruments and measure color vision
    3. Explain and perform unilateral and alternating cover tests at distance and near
    4. Explain, perform and interpret dictions testing
    5. Determine a patient’s eye dominance and explain to patient in layman?s terms
    6. Perform stereopsis testing
    7. Explain, perform and interpret pupil evaluation
    8. Differentiate among
  6. Summarize uses and results of keratometry
    1. Identify parts of a keratometer
    2. Define keratometry
    3. Measure a patient?s corneal curvature and interpret findings
    4. Perform routine keratometer calibration and maintenance.
    5. Identify types of corneal astigmatism
    6. Calculate amount of corneal astigmatism
    7. Calculate total ocular astigmatism
  7. Summarize the three ophthalmic professions (The Three O’s)
    1. Define Optometrist, ophthalmologist and Optician.
    2. Explain educational requirements for each of the three professions
    3. Explain the professional relationship among the three professions
    4. Differentiate among dispensing optician and manufacturing optician
    5. Identify state and national organizations for the three O’s.
  8. Summarize ophthalmic paraprofessionals
    1. Differentiate the ophthalmic paraprofessions
    2. Define optometric/ophthalmic technician
    3. Analyze certifications associated with paraprofessionals



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