Dec 08, 2022  
2020-2021 Course Catalog 
    
2020-2021 Course Catalog [ARCHIVED CATALOG]

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AGV 170 - Veterinary Anesthesiology

Credits: 3
Lecture Hours: 2
Lab Hours: 2
Practicum Hours: 0
Work Experience: 0
Course Type: Voc/Tech
“This course involves the study of pharmacology, application of anesthetic agents, the physiological effects and means of monitoring them, principles and administration of inhalant anesthetics, and a broad overview of anesthetic protocol and care. Emphasis will be on anesthetic practical skills and anesthesia equipment.”
Prerequisite: AGV 140  , AGV 164  , AGV 172  , AGV 182  and AGV 266 .
Competencies
  1. Summarize considerations for anesthetic preparation in veterinary medicine.
    1. Describe fundamental challenges and risks associated with anesthesia.
    2. Demonstrate proper procedure for admission and discharge of patients.
    3. Perform preoperative patient evaluation.
    4. Assign a patient one of the five physical status classifications as specified by the American Society of Anesthesiologists.
    5. Calculate IV fluid infusion rates and prepare equipment for use with patients.
  2. Identify and operate veterinary anesthetic machines and carrier gas banks.
    1. Troubleshoot malfunction of and make adjustments to veterinary anesthesia machine.
    2. Demonstrate set up and leak test of an anesthetic machine.
    3. Understand function of both rebreathing and non-rebreathing circuits.
    4. Explain oxygen maintenance including calculation of oxygen flow rates, tank PSI, tank volume, and patient use rate.
  3. Demonstrate knowledge of commonly used anesthetic agents and adjunct agents.
    1. Classify common anesthetic agents and adjuncts principal effect or chemistry.
    2. List anesthetic agents and adjuncts commonly used as pre-anesthetic medications and describe their indications, mode of action, effects, and adverse effects.
    3. List the inhalation anesthetic agents in common use and describe their indications, mode of action, effect, adverse effects and use.
    4. Show proper technique of administration of anesthetic agents by injection, mask and endotracheal tube.
    5. Organize and implement balanced anesthetic protocol on a canine or feline patient.
  4. Summarize concepts of analgesia.
    1. Discuss the pain pathway and ways to affect nociception.
    2. Define multimodal pain therapy.
    3. List the consequences of untreated pain.
    4. Describe the techniques used in local anesthesia.
    5. Understand the differences between the two classes of neuromuscular blocking agents, including mode of action and reversibility.
    6. Illustrate methods of balanced anesthetic technique.
  5. Compare and contrast the equipment used to monitor animals under sedation and/or anesthesia.
    1. Explain the tracing of the ECG in small animal patients
    2. Perform endotracheal tube placement in the dog or cat using a laryngoscope.
    3. Use the esophageal stethoscope to monitor small animal patients under sedation and/or anesthesia.
    4. Discuss the information given by the capnograph relative to patient ventilation.
    5. Explain the difference between assisted and controlled ventilation.
    6. Recognize and react to equipment malfunctions.
  6. Describe anesthetic techniques specific to certain domestic large animal and exotic animal species.
    1. Describe anesthetic techniques commonly used in equine practice.
    2. Explain the special anesthetic challenges resulting from patient temperament, large body size and equine anatomy and physiology.
    3. Describe the main physiologic and anatomic differences that influence anesthetic management of ruminants and swine.
    4. Explain how to position a ruminant for recovery.
    5. Explain the anesthetic concerns and challenges regarding anesthetizing pigs.
    6. Summarize the common problems that may arise when anesthetizing rodents and rabbits.
  7. Demonstrate proper technique for various nursing skills.
    1. Show appropriate technique for administration of eye and ear medication in the small animal patient.
    2. Administer an IM injection to a dog and a cat.
    3. Use proper technique for bathing a small animal patient.
    4. Perform a Shirmer Tear Test on a dog.



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