Jun 25, 2024  
2021-2022 Course Catalog 
2021-2022 Course Catalog [ARCHIVED CATALOG]

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EMS 465 - Prin of Pathophysiology I

Credits: 5
Lecture Hours: 5
Lab Hours: 0
Practicum Hours: 0
Work Experience: 0
Course Type: Voc/Tech
The course covers Module II of the DOT National Standard Curriculum for EMT Paramedics and prepares the students for their roles and responsibilities. General principles of anatomy and physiology, as well as pathophysiology, will be provided in a classroom setting. Human life span development and the role of Public Health in EMS will also be reviewed and discussed.
Prerequisite OR Corequisite: EMS 463  

  1. Evaluate Anatomy, Physiology, and Pathophysiology
    1. Discuss the importance of human anatomy and physiology
    2. Determine how a paramedic utilizes anatomy and physiology in their profession
    3. Assess and discuss various aspects of the human body and how they function
    4. Describe homeostasis and how it affects the body
    5. Explain the anatomic position and categorize the various planes of the human body
    6. Categorize the structures that comprise the axial and appendicular regions of the body
  2. Document the 11 major organ systems of the human body
    1. Label and diagram the major anatomic features of the organ systems of the human body
    2. Assess the functions of the various organ systems
    3. Determine the interrelationships between body systems
  3. Examine the various components of the skeletal system
    1. Describe the function of the skeleton
    2. List the parts of the skeletal system and how they interact with one another
    3. Explain and give an example of how joints are classified
    4. Describe the bones of the upper and lower extremities
  4. Explain the purpose of the muscular system
    1. List and describe the four basic properties of muscles
    2. State the three primary functions of muscles
    3. Identify the process of muscle movement
  5. Name the three main functions of the nervous system
    1. Identify the divisions of the nervous system and state their functions
    2. Name and describe the three divisions of the brainstem
    3. List and describe the cranial nerves and their functions
    4. Identify the parasympathetic and sympathetic nervous systems
  6. Clarify the various parts of the cardiovascular system.
    1. Describe the various parts of blood
    2. Identify the location of the heart.
    3. State the Frank-Starling Law
    4. Discuss the great vessels and their functions
    5. Name and describe the chambers of the heart
    6. Trace the pathway of blood through the heart and pulmonary system
    7. Explain the function of arteries, veins and capillaries.
  7. Describe the parts of the respiratory system
    1. Describe the pathway of the respiratory system, including nasal cavities, larynx and pharynx
    2. Identify the larynx and pharynx and explain their functions
    3. Name the structures of the lower airway.
    4. State the roles of the visceral and parietal pleura in respiration
  8. Analyze the general function of the digestive system.
    1. Identify the major divisions of the digestive system
    2. Differentiate between the various structures and functions of the gastrointestinal tract
    3. Name the location and general function of the urinary system
  9. Illustrate the areas of the special senses
    1. Describe the sense of smell
    2. Describe the sense of taste
    3. Name the parts of the eye and explain their function
    4. Name the parts of the ear and explain their functions.
  10. Evaluate the mechanisms that affect the distribution of body water.
    1. Identify the differences between intracellular and extracellular anions and cations
    2. Define ion, electrolyte, anion and cation.
    3. State the physiological mechanisms used to maintain acid-base balance.
    4. Determine values for Ph.
    5. Define the concepts of diffusion, osmosis and mediated transport
  11. Distinguish and describe the various parts of the cell.
    1. Discuss cellular adaptation
    2. List the cellular factors that lead to disease in the human body.
    3. Differentiate between the systemic manifestations that result from cellular injury.
    4. Explain the difference between cellular injury and cellular death
  12. Describe the cell
    1. Discuss the cellular environment
    2. Describe the Sodium Potassium pump
    3. Describe cellular destruction
  13. Identify and Treat Shock
    1. Describe how a paramedic manages shock
    2. Analyze the concept of hypoperfusion and how it’s treated
    3. Define and treat cardiogenic shock.
    4. Define and treat hypovolemic shock
    5. Define and treat anaphylactic shock
  14. Characterize the body’s defenses
    1. Discuss the aspects against disease
    2. Determine the body’s defenses against injury
  15. Classify the body system milestones
    1. Distinguish the unique psychosocial characteristics of humans as they develop.
    2. Explain the psychosocial development of humans.
    3. Explain the physiological characteristics of older adults.
    4. Explain the emotional challenges faced by older adults.
  16. Integrate the changes of human development
    1. Discuss physiological changes
    2. List psychological changes
    3. Describe sociological changes
  17. Integrate communication strategies for patients of all ages
    1. Communicate with neonatal patients and families
    2. Use age specific communication tools for the pediatric patient
    3. Describe communication with geriatric patients.
  18. Manage an emergency patient
    1. Assess the patient
    2. Form a general impression
    3. Perform a primary and secondary exam
  19. Formulate a field impression for an emergency patient
    1. Assess the emergency patient
    2. Develop a general impression
    3. Categorize the severity of the illness/ injury
  20. Determine the term public health
    1. Identify the potential public heath roles of EMS providers.
    2. Describe opportunities for EMS to enhance access to care.
    3. Define the public health role of EMS in emergency preparedness.
    4. Explain opportunities to reduce medical costs through appropriate use of EMS.

Competencies Revised Date: 2019

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