Dec 05, 2022  
2020-2021 Course Catalog 
    
2020-2021 Course Catalog [ARCHIVED CATALOG]

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DEA 507 - Princ of Dental Assisting

Credits: 6
Lecture Hours: 4
Lab Hours: 4
Practicum Hours: 0
Work Experience: 0
Course Type: Voc/Tech
Beginning concepts of chairside assisting with emphasis on the role of the dental team in delivery systems. Terminology, instrument identification, equipment and basic procedures are covered
Prerequisite: None required (recommend completion of all general education requirements prior to beginning program)
Corequisite: DEA 253  , DEA 256  , DEA 424  , DHY 161  , DHY 221  
Competencies
  1. Use correct dental terminology
    1. Articulate the importance of using proper terminology
    2. Explain how to use a prefix, suffix and root words to determine meaning
    3. Know how and when to use a dictionary or other references.
  2. Identify the specific responsibilities of each dental health team member.
    1. Name the educational levels and skills of each staff position
    2. Identify the level of patient contact for each team member position
  3. Apply the principles of four handed dentistry
    1. Identify the zones of activity for chairside assisting
    2. Summarize the principles of body mechanics
    3. Identify the classifications of motion
    4. Demonstrate the principles of instrument transfer
    5. Identify instruments and their application grasp
    6. Manipulate the delivery and retrieval of instruments
  4. Maintain the operating field
    1. Identify all types of oral evacuation tips and their uses
    2. List the criteria for evacuation tip placement
    3. Recall methods of tissue retraction
    4. Use additional sources of moisture control.
  5. Examine various types and functions of dental operatory equipment
    1. Demonstrate operational parts of a contoured chair
    2. List the requirements for a dental operating chair for the dentist and the assistant
    3. Recall the function and operation of all parts of the unit used in our dental clinic
    4. Identify the different types of rotary instruments and their application
    5. Name the different types, shapes, and functions of burs
  6. Name the types and functions of various dental instruments and supplies.
    1. Define and identify the components of hand instruments
    2. Identify and state the function of other armamentarium.
  7. Maintain dental operatory equipment and instruments
    1. Compare sterilization vs. disinfection
    2. Utilize manufacturers guidelines for appropriate handpieces/equipment and uses
    3. Outline the need for scheduled maintenance
    4. Identify the correct type of sterilization technique appropriate for instrument/equipment types
  8. Differentiate between aseptic and non-aseptic environments
  9. Evaluate infection control techniques designed to prevent the spread of transmitted diseases to the care of all patients following OSHA/CDC guidelines
    1. Outline current CDC/OSHA guidelines and responsibilities concerning patient/team protection
    2. Explain where compliance information is located.
    3. Identify the rationale, regulations, and recommendations for training requirements in the dental office
    4. List the routes of microbial transmission
    5. Demonstrate the principles of infection control encompassing hand washing, personal protective equipment, barriers, chemical disinfectants, ultrasonic cleaners, sterilizers, and instrument storage
    6. List various disinfectants and their applications as used in dentistry
    7. Describe types of sterilization units
    8. Identify types/uses of ultrasonic cleaners
    9. Demonstrate the usage of several types of sterilization monitors, such as process indicators and biologic testing.
    10. Use  pre-procedure mouth rinses, high volume evacuation, dental dams and disposable items
    11. Identify physical equipment and mechanical devices provided to safeguard employees
    12. Describe Safety Data Sheets (SDS)  and use the SDS system of colors, numbers, and pictograms used for hazardous material identification
  10. Perform aseptic handwashing technique
  11. Outline modes of disease transmission
    1. Define disease transmission
    2. Examine barriers to disease transmission
  12. Preform accurate record keeping
    1. Identify the essential parts of patient records
    2. Outline the need for clear/accurate patient records
    3. Complete charting activities in an electronic record
  13. Seat patients
    1. Demonstrate communication principles during seating and dismissing of patient
    2. Identify proper patient positioning for procedures
  14. Instruct patients on applicable methods of preventive dentistry
    1. Describe plaque and its formation
    2. Outline considerations in regard to caries and periodontal disease
    3. Identify etiological components of all dental disease
    4. Describing recommended oral hygiene methods.
    5. Identify special needs of patients
  15. Demonstrate for coronal polishing and application of anticariogenic treatments
    1. Define oral prophylaxis
    2. Explain the differences between coronal polishing, scaling and root planing
    3. Prepare tray for performing a coronal polish
    4. Demonstrate methods to ensure patient/operator safety and comfort
    5. Outline the principles of polishing and the relationship between the method of application of a polishing agent and its effect on tooth structure
    6. Identify instruments/equipment used for coronal polishing
    7. Define types of fluoride and their applications
    8. Apply communication principles of patient management
      1. Identify the concepts that deal with the psychological aspects of the patient
      2. Outline the professional aspects of communication
      3. Explain the personal aspects of communication and role behavior in the dental environment
      4. Define personal space
      5. Distinguish the roles ethnic and sociological backgrounds influence behavior
      6. Identify our basic needs as human beings
      7. Collect and record patient vital signs
      8. Outline rationale for taking patient history
      9. Discuss techniques of gaining medical/dental history
      10. Identify common locations for obtaining a pulse and characteristics to monitor
      11. Recall normal pulse ranges
      12. List the name and function of equipment required to monitor a blood pressure
      13. Outline the appropriate steps in taking a blood pressure reading and its recording
      14. Define the normal ranges of a blood pressure and factors which cause variances
      15. Interpret characteristics for assessing respiration
      16. Outline steps in evaluating and recording respiration
      17. Define normal range of respiration
      18. Identify the need of a general assessment of the patient



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