May 24, 2019
BIO 295 - General Ecology and Lab Credits: 4
Lecture Hours: 3
Lab Hours: 2
Practicum Hours: 0
Work Experience: 0
Course Type: General
General ecology is intended for biology and related majors. Topics addressed by lecture/discussion and laboratory include historical development and scientific method, physical environment, organisms and species, communities and ecosystems and theory. Lab activities include written reports and oral presentations.
Prerequisite: BIO 112 ; BIO 113 ; ENV 115 and ENV 116 or BIO 138 ; or with instructor’s permission
- Understand the concept of ecology.
- Explain the definition and derivation of ecology
- Explain the modern definition of ecology
- Characterize an ecological system
- Identify the structural levels of biological organization and research specialties.
- Describe the historical development of modern ecology
- Explain how ecology is a science
- Characterize the scientific process
- Explain the philosophy and development of scientific thinking.
- Explain scientific theory
- Describe and use the scientific method
- Explain the concepts of evolution and adaptation
- Explain how and why organisms fit into habitat and niche so precisely.
- Explain the concept of species
- Describe adaptation and illustrate with several examples
- Explain the theoretical development and process of biological evolution.
- Describe the process of speciation - creation of new species.
- Explain how population genetics are involved in evolution.
- Explain how species are classified using systematic.
- Describe the physical environment
- Explain the factors that affect the earths climate
- Describe the earth’s regional climates
- Explain the factors that determine weather
- Describe the abiotic factors
- Characterize organisms
- Describe the structural hierarchy of life
- Explain the differences in nutritional mode
- Characterize anatomy/physiology
- Explain the factors that affect geographic distribution of organisms
- Explain the concept of habitat; where you live.
- Explain the concept of niche
- Characterize behavior
- Characterize species and populations
- Define the terms species, population and metapopulations.
- explain population characteristics
- Explain the concept of population genetics
- Describe the characteristics of life history
- Describe species interactions
- Characterize communities and ecosystems
- Define community and ecosystem
- Explain measures of community structure
- Describe the process of succession- changes in communities over time.
- Describe energy flow through ecosystems
- Describe the processes of matter cycling
- Explain large-scale ecology
- Explain the concept of landscape ecology
- Explain conservation ecology
- Describe restoration ecology
- Complete the following lab activities
- Hypothesis testing and statistical analysis
- Scientific writing - lab reports
- group field project
- Oral presentation based on group project
- Identification of birds in lab and field
- Identification of plants in lab and field
- Identification of aquatic invertebrates in lab and field.
- Use of various field sampling equipment
- Use of various field sampling methods
- Using computer simulations to model populations
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