May 17, 2022
FIR 127 - Fire Behavior and Combustion Credits: 3
Lecture Hours: 3
Lab Hours: 0
Practicum Hours: 0
Work Experience: 0
Course Type: General
This course explores the theories and fundamentals of how and why fires start, spread and are controlled.
Prerequisite OR Corequisite: EMS 214 or Instructor Approval
Corequisite: FIR 111 or Instructor Approval
- Prepare students to understand importance of fire behavior and dynamics.
- Identify and define the various roles of fire safety professionals.
- Describe the importance of understanding fire behavior and fire dynamics as it applies to all fire safety professions.
- Summarize fire fatality statics and be able to analyze these statics.
- Use algebra and trigonometry related to fire development.
- Perform conversions and use formulas needed to understand fire from a mathematical concept.
- Understand units of measure and conversion between the systems of these units of measure.
- Interpret concepts of math and reduce apprehension related to understanding fire through math.
- Examine important chemical reactions and chemistry related to fire development.
- Comprehend chemical terms related to fire dynamics.
- Use the periodic table to describe characteristics of specific elements.
- Identify the chemical composition of various fuels.
- Differentiate among elements, compounds, mixtures, and solutions.
- Explain how the oxidation reaction occurs with specific chemicals.
- Define the concept of heat
- Explain conduction, convection, and radiation heat transfer.
- Assess properties of matter and physics related to fire dynamics.
- Identify the physical elements that affect the combustion process.
- Identify the properties that characterize the three physical states of matter.
- Understand the relationship of mass, volume, density, pressure, and the physical characteristics of the states of matter.
- Compare and contrast temperature and heat.
- Describe how thermodynamics, energy, and work play an important role in fire dynamics.
- Analyze the phenomenon known as fire and the process of combustion.
- Describe similarities and differences in the fire triangle and fire tetrahedron models used to describe fire.
- Describe and explain similarities and differences in premixed and diffusion flames.
- Describe and explain laminar and turbulent flames.
- List five classes of fire and describe what differentiates each.
- Describe the terms flame plume, fire plume, flame jet, and flame spread.
- Describe and explain the term heat of combustion as it relates to fuel.
- Describe and explain combustion efficiency as it relates to fuels.
- Define heat release rate.
- Analyze the process of gaseous combustion and its properties.
- Describe and explain conditions that separate matter that exists in the gaseous state from other states of matter.
- Describe and explain flammable limits of a gaseous fuel, including upper flammable limits, lower flammable limit, and stoichiometric mixture.
- Diagram a simple oxidation reaction.
- Describe and explain three atmospheric conditions that affect gaseous combustion.
- Explain the difference in auto ignition temperature and minimum ignition energy for gaseous fuels.
- Explain the term vapor density and how it affects fire hazards.
- Examine ignitable liquids and point out there properties.
- Explain changes in matter that occur for ignitable liquids to enter into an oxidation reaction.
- List and describe factors that differentiate flammable and combustible liquids.
- Explain the similarities and differences in an ignitable liquid?s flash point and fire point..
- Describe and explain the terms vapor pressure and boiling point of ignitable liquids.
- Describe and explain ignition hazards associated with aerosols.
- Calculate the heat release rate of a pool fire for a given ignitable liquid.
- Analyze the process of solid combustion and its properties.
- Explain thermal decomposition in solids.
- Explain and describe pyrolysis.
- Distinguish among and categorize different types of solid fuels and their fuel characteristics.
- Identify and explain the variables affecting solid combustion.
- Analyze the process of ignition and related materials.
- Explain the difference between piloted and auto ignition.
- Define the concept of ignition.
- Understand the concept of ignition temperature for solids.
- Use formulas to predict the ignition time of solids.
- Examine the fire modeling and its relationship the fire behavior.
- Explain the history and origin of modeling.
- Describe the different types of computer fire models available.
- Summarize the general uses and limitations of fire models.
- Identify potential uses of fire modeling for the various fire safety professions.
- Assess the ways fire are extinguished and the agents used.
- Understand and cite four methods of extinguishing fires.
- Describe how removal of fuel can extinguish fires.
- Describe how water extinguishes fire by cooling.
- Describe how water reacts when heated above its vaporization point.
- Describe how the chemical chain reaction of fire can be interrupted to facilitate extinguishment.
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