Sep 25, 2022  
2020-2021 Course Catalog 
    
2020-2021 Course Catalog [ARCHIVED CATALOG]

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DHY 291 - Dental Hygiene III

Credits: 2
Lecture Hours: 2
Lab Hours: 0
Practicum Hours: 0
Work Experience: 0
Course Type: Open
A continuation of clinical practices. Topics include dental hygiene care for individuals with special needs, care planning, third-party payment applications, substance abuse and dependent adult abuse.
Prerequisite: DHY 281 , DHY 282 .
Corequisite: DHY 292  
Competencies
  1. Analyze basic human need theories as related to the dental hygiene process.
    1. Compare between various theories and central paradigm concepts, including Maslow’s hierarchy of needs theory, nursing’s human needs theory, and dental hygiene’s human needs model.
    2. Examine the dental hygiene human needs model in relationship to assessment, diagnosis, planning, implementation, and evaluation as the core of professional practice.
  2. Synthesize historical data, clinical assessment data, socio-economic factors, standard of care expectations and patient human need theories to establish a comprehensive, realistic, formal patient treatment plan.
    1. Formulate an all-encompassing written treatment plan utilizing the entirety of the dental hygiene process and taking into consideration periodontal risk factors, ASA Physical Status, treatment modalities and prognosis considerations.
    2. Prioritize intervention strategies for appropriate treatment sequencing according to urgency, existing etiological factors, severity and extent of the condition, and individual patient requirements.
    3. Plan for appropriate inter-professional collaboration to address the multi-faceted needs of the patient during intervention processes.
    4. Revise intervention strategies based on jointly determined patient goals, patient compliance, patient understanding of influencing etiologies, and measurable, verifiable outcomes.
  3. Understand the intricate role of dental insurance as an economic force that affects access and quality of care regarding a variety of dental services.
    1. Describe and discuss how dental insurance resources require the cooperation of the patient, employer, provider, and insurer to maximize potential benefits.
    2. Explain the different types of prepaid dental care programs currently available and how each would be processed between the four key parties.
    3. Relate the difference between legitimate and fraudulent dental coding practices, describing appropriate examples under various codes.
  4. Analyze the principles of informed consent as it pertains to implicit and explicit consent within the dental treatment setting.
    1. Differentiate between implicit and explicit consent and the relationship between each type of consent and the torte law of battery.
    2. Correlate the two prominent types of consent to a dental hygienist’s scope of professional liability and subsequent professional insurance coverage/limitations.
  5. Comprehend the physical manifestations, the stages of progression, the biological changes, and the socio-cultural-economic impact of various addictive substances typically abused by dental patients, dental professionals and the general public.
    1. Paraphrase these manifestations, changes and impacts as they pertain to opioids, alcohol, cocaine, current street drugs, nitrous oxide, and tobacco.
    2. Relate the impact of these various addictive substances to the oral cavity and predict the visible oral manifestations and possible treatment interventions.
    3. Discuss the community impact from these addictions and discuss available treatment resources that would enable the dental hygienist to support the patient through education and intervention assistance.
  6. Evaluate characteristics of a variety of special needs patients and assess the need for any adaptive educational and clinical techniques.
    1. Appraise each special needs patient according to their risk factors, limitations, medications, possible emergency situations, oral health complications and oral health management restrictions.
    2. Justify the appropriate preplanning and assessment for each special needs patient appointment.
    3. Critique possible barriers to care for special needs patients and propose solutions to the dilemma of access to care.
    4. Judge the appropriateness of proposed educational and treatment interventions based on specific characteristics of each special need patient and design a unique written treatment plan demonstrating this judgment.

Competencies Revised Date: 2020



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