Feb 28, 2024
DHY 291 - Dental Hygiene III Credits: 2
Lecture Hours: 2
Lab Hours: 0
Practicum Hours: 0
Work Experience: 0
Course Type: Open
A continuation of clinical practices. Topics include dental hygiene care for individuals with special needs, care planning, third-party payment applications, substance abuse and dependent adult abuse.
Prerequisite: DHY 281, DHY 282.
Corequisite: DHY 292
- Analyze basic human need theories as related to the dental hygiene process.
- Compare between various theories and central paradigm concepts, including Maslow’s hierarchy of needs theory, nursing’s human needs theory, and dental hygiene’s human needs model.
- Examine the dental hygiene human needs model in relationship to assessment, diagnosis, planning, implementation, and evaluation as the core of professional practice.
- Synthesize historical data, clinical assessment data, socio-economic factors, standard of care expectations and patient human need theories to establish a comprehensive, realistic, formal patient treatment plan.
- Formulate an all-encompassing written treatment plan utilizing the entirety of the dental hygiene process and taking into consideration periodontal risk factors, ASA Physical Status, treatment modalities and prognosis considerations.
- Prioritize intervention strategies for appropriate treatment sequencing according to urgency, existing etiological factors, severity and extent of the condition, and individual patient requirements.
- Plan for appropriate inter-professional collaboration to address the multi-faceted needs of the patient during intervention processes.
- Revise intervention strategies based on jointly determined patient goals, patient compliance, patient understanding of influencing etiologies, and measurable, verifiable outcomes.
- Understand the intricate role of dental insurance as an economic force that affects access and quality of care regarding a variety of dental services.
- Describe and discuss how dental insurance resources require the cooperation of the patient, employer, provider, and insurer to maximize potential benefits.
- Explain the different types of prepaid dental care programs currently available and how each would be processed between the four key parties.
- Relate the difference between legitimate and fraudulent dental coding practices, describing appropriate examples under various codes.
- Analyze the principles of informed consent as it pertains to implicit and explicit consent within the dental treatment setting.
- Differentiate between implicit and explicit consent and the relationship between each type of consent and the torte law of battery.
- Correlate the two prominent types of consent to a dental hygienist’s scope of professional liability and subsequent professional insurance coverage/limitations.
- Comprehend the physical manifestations, the stages of progression, the biological changes, and the socio-cultural-economic impact of various addictive substances typically abused by dental patients, dental professionals and the general public.
- Paraphrase these manifestations, changes and impacts as they pertain to opioids, alcohol, cocaine, current street drugs, nitrous oxide, and tobacco.
- Relate the impact of these various addictive substances to the oral cavity and predict the visible oral manifestations and possible treatment interventions.
- Discuss the community impact from these addictions and discuss available treatment resources that would enable the dental hygienist to support the patient through education and intervention assistance.
- Evaluate characteristics of a variety of special needs patients and assess the need for any adaptive educational and clinical techniques.
- Appraise each special needs patient according to their risk factors, limitations, medications, possible emergency situations, oral health complications and oral health management restrictions.
- Justify the appropriate preplanning and assessment for each special needs patient appointment.
- Critique possible barriers to care for special needs patients and propose solutions to the dilemma of access to care.
- Judge the appropriateness of proposed educational and treatment interventions based on specific characteristics of each special need patient and design a unique written treatment plan demonstrating this judgment.
Competencies Revised Date: 2020
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