Credits: 3 Lecture Hours:2 Lab Hours:2 Practicum Hours:0 Work Experience:0 Course Type:Voc/TechBiomass Equipment and Systems is designed to cover the basic equipment and technologies associated with the processing of renewable energy fuels in the biomass industry. Competencies
Understand biomass process systems components.
Describe the basic hand tools used with biomass process equipment.
Identify various types pumps used in biomass processing.
Explain the operation of various types of pumps.
List the various types of stationary equipment.
Identify the various types of storage and piping equipment used in the biofuels processing industry.
Explain the purpose of heat exchanger.
Identify the primary function of a cooling tower.
Identify the primary function of a boiler in biofuels processes.
Explain the purpose of a distillation column.
Understand common process control values.
Explain the purpose of valves in the biofuels control system.
Identify the basic components of gate valves.
Identify the basic components of a globe valve.
Explain the operation and design of a ball valve.
Describe the design and operation of a diagram valve.
Describe the design and operation of a relief valve and safety valve.
Understand piping and vessels use in process systems.
Describe the different types of process piping.
Describe the various vessels found in a process plant.
Describe the effects of corrosion.
Identify the information found on a vessel sketch.
Describe a vessel specification sheet.
Understand pumps use in biofuels process.
Describe the scientific principles associated with centrifugal pump operation and identify key components.
Describe the operation and maintenance of positive displacement pumps.
List the various types of rotary pumps.
Explain how rotary gear pumps operate
Describe the operation and maintenance of screw pumps.
Describe the operation and maintenance of sliding and vane pumps.
Describe the operation and maintenance of lobe pumps.
Describe the basic components of a lobe pump.
List the operation of diaphragm pumps.
Describe the operation and maintenance of piston pump.
Describe the scientific principles associated with the operation of plunger pumps.
Recall start up and shut down procedures for positive displacement pumps.
Troubleshooting typical problems associated with the operation of centrifugal and reciprocating pumps.
Understand air compressors
Explain the principles of compression.
Describe how centrifugal compressors operate.
Describe how axial flow compressors operate.
Identify and describe centrifugal and positive displacement compressors.
Identify the basic components of a rotary screw compressor.
Describe the operation and basic components of sliding vane compressors.
Identify the basic components of a compressor system.
Recall how to start up and shut down a positive displacement compressor.
Recall how to start up and shut down a dynamic compressor.
Understand turbines and electric motors used in biofuels process equipment.
Identify the different kinds of turbines.
Describe the operating principles and components of a steam turbine.
Describe the types of steam turbines.
List the start up procedures for a steam turbine.
Describe how a gas turbine operates.
Identify the basic components of an electric motor.
Describe how an electric motor operates.
Understand how heat exchangers work.
Describe the basic principles of fluid blow inside a heat exchanger.
Explain the method of heat transfer that applies to heat exchangers.
Compare the operation of finned and plain tubes.
Describe the operation of finned and plain tubes.
Draw a simple heat exchanger system.
Describe the basic components and operation of a plate and frame heat exchanger.
Understand how cooling towers work.
Describe the basic principles of fluid blow inside a heat exchanger.
Explain how an atmospheric cooling tower operates.
Explain how a natural-draft cooling tower operates.
Explain how a forced-draft cooling tower operates.
Explain crossflow and counterflow in a cooling tower.
Describe water-cooling systems.
Describe the characteristics of water that cause problems with water-cooling system.
Understand the fire control components of boiler.
Describe the basics of boiler operation.
Describe a fire tube boiler.
Describe the main components of a water tube boiler and explain how it operates.
List some boiler operating problems.
Distinguish between superheat and desuperheated steam.
Describe the primary responsibilities of a boiler technician.
Discuss the different types furnaces systems.
Describe the various types of direct fired heaters.
Explain the operation of an indirect fired heater.
Demonstrate the application of heat transfer to fired heater operation in lab.
Describe the basic components of a furnace.
Describe the different types of furnaces.
Describe common solutions to furnace problems.
Know and explain the different types of instruments used in process control system.
Describe the basic instruments used in the process industry.
Identify and draw standard instrument symbols.
Describe temperature, pressure, flow and level-measurement techniques.
Identify the elements of a control loop.
Describe cascade control.
Compare automatic and manual control.
Explain the importance of operating percentage on a control valve.
Identify the different components of process diagrams.
Review process diagrams symbols.
Describe the use of process diagrams and the information they contain.
Draw a process flow diagram.
Draw a process and instrument drawing.
Describe the various process equipment relationships.
Identify the different types utility systems.
Describe the basic components of a steam system.
Describe raw water and fire water.
Describe boiler feed water treatment.
Describe the basic components of a cooling water system
Describe the basic components of an air system.
Describe the basic components of a nitrogen system.
Describe the basic components of a gas system.
Describe the basic components of an electrical system.
Describe the basic components of steam systems and traps.
Describe the basic components of an industrial sewer system.
Describe the key elements of a process refrigeration system.
Describe a relief and flare system.
Explain the operation of reactor systems.
Describe the function of a reactor.
Describe exothermic, endothermic, replacement, neutralization, and combustion chemical reactions.
List reaction variables and their effects.
Describe a continuous and a batch reactor.
Describe a fixed bed reactor?s function in hydrocracking.
Describe a fluidized bed reactor in coal gasification.
Describe fluid coking.
Explain distillation systems.
Describe the principles of distillation.
Describe the relationship between the boiling point of a hydrocarbon and pressure, temperature, flow and level.
Understand the various concepts associated with pressure in a distillation system:
Identify the different equipment systems used to make up a distillation system.
Explain how the methods of heat transfer apply to the distillation process.
Explain the basic components of the following distillation systems.
Describe the basic components of a distillation feed system.
Describe the basic components of the bottom section of a distillation column.
Describe the basic of the top of a distillation column.
Describe the basic principles associated with column design.
Explain the basic components and operation of a sidesteam-stripping column.
Explain the principle of chemical extraction and other separation systems.
Describe the scientific principles associated with adsorption.
Describe the extraction process.
Describe the stripping process.
Identify the basic equipment associated with extraction.
Explain how a scrubber works.
Identify the basic equipment associated with the absorption process.