Aug 19, 2019  
2018-2019 Course Catalog 
    
2018-2019 Course Catalog [ARCHIVED CATALOG]

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MAP 554 - Human Body-Health & Disease II

Credits: 4
Lecture Hours: 4
Lab Hours: 0
Practicum Hours: 0
Work Experience: 0
Course Type: Voc/Tech
Students will incorporate critical thinking skills based on knowledge of course competencies to identify human anatomy and physiology, including interrelationship of organ systems. Common pathology, diagnostic aids, and treatment options and prognosis including pharmacology related to each body system. Study of interaction that occurs between systems and changes to the structure and function that occur across the life span. Patient education procedures, wellness and prevention reviewed with each unit. Internet research will be used for a variety of health topics.Build medical terminology, definition and pronunciation with key terms for each unit of study. Units studied: lymphatic, respiratory, digestive, nutrition, dietary needs of special populations, nervous, sensory, endocrine, urinary, reproductive, common childhood diseases and end of life care.
Prerequisite: Grade of C or better in MAP 544  
Competencies
  1. Explain the structures and functions of the respiratory system
    1. Identify the organs of the respiratory system
    2. Discuss the generalized functions of the respiratory system
    3. Explain the exchange of gases that occurs during internal and external respiration
    4. Discuss the volumes of air exchanged during pulmonary ventilation
    5. Identify the mechanisms that regulate respiration
  2. Explain disorders of the respiratory system
    1. Recognize symptoms of disorders of the respiratory system
    2. Explain etiological factors for disorders of the respiratory system
    3. Discuss possible methods of treatment for disorders of the respiratory system
    4. Describe procedures used in diagnosing disorders of the respiratory system
    5. State the prognosis for disorders of the respiratory system
    6. Identify health risks of smoking and methods available for smoking cessation
  3. Explain the structures and function of the nervous system
    1. List the divisions of the nervous system and the organs of each division
    2. Describe the generalized function of the system as a whole
    3. Identify the major types of cells in the nervous system
    4. Describe the function of the major types of cells in the nervous system
    5. Identify the anatomical and functional components of a reflex arc
    6. Describe electrical nerve impulse and describe impulse transmission at synapses
    7. Identify the major anatomical components of the brain and spinal cord
    8. Discuss the function of the anatomical components of the brain and spinal cord
    9. Identify the coverings and fluid spaces of the brain and spinal cord
    10. Identify cranial and spinal nerves
    11. Discuss the two divisions of the autonomic nervous system
  4. List the disorders of the nervous system
    1. Specify the symptoms of nervous system disorders
    2. Discuss the etiological factors for nervous system disorders
    3. Identify the possible methods of treatment for nervous system disorders
    4. List the procedures used in diagnosing nervous system disorders
    5. State the prognosis for nervous system disorders
  5. Explain the structures and functions of the sensory system
    1. List the major senses and the primary organ for each sense
    2. Discuss the structures of the eye and the function of each structure
    3. Discuss the structures of the ear and the function of each structure
    4. Describe the function of the ear in its sensory function in hearing and in equilibrium
    5. Discuss the general sense organs and their functions
  6. List the disorders of the sensory system
    1. Recognize symptoms of disorders of the sensory system
    2. Explain etiological factors for sensory system disorders
    3. Discuss possible methods of treatment for sensory system disorders
    4. Describe procedures used in diagnosing sensory system disorders
    5. State the prognosis for sensory system disorders
  7. Explain the structures and functions of the endocrine system
    1. Distinguish between exocrine and endocrine glands
    2. Identify the primary endocrine glands and the major hormones secreted by each gland
    3. Discuss the mechanisms of steroid and protein hormone action
    4. Explain how negative and positive feedback mechanisms regulate the secretion of endocrine hormones
    5. Identify the principal functions of each major endocrine hormone
    6. Discuss the result of hypersecretion or hyposecretion of each major hormone
  8. Identify the disorders of the endocrine system
    1. Specify the symptoms of endocrine system disorders
    2. Discuss the etiological factors for endocrine system disorders
    3. List the possible methods of treatment for endocrine system disorders
    4. Name the procedures used in diagnosing endocrine system disorders
    5. State the prognosis for endocrine system disorders
  9. Identify the structures and function of the digestive system
    1. List in sequence the organs or segments of the alimentary canal from mouth to anus
    2. Name the structure and primary function of each of the organs
    3. Identify the accessory organs of digestion and their primary function
    4. Recognize the basics of protein, fat, and carbohydrate digestion and give the end products of each process
    5. Make a distinction between mechanical and chemical digestion
    6. Identify the peritoneum and its extension
    7. Describe dietary nutrients including: carbohydrates, fat, protein, minerals, electrolytes, vitamins, fiber and water.
    8. List the dietary guidelines for healthy children and adults
    9. Describe absorption in the small intestine
    10. Identify structure, function, vessels and ducts of biliary system
  10. Identify disorders of the digestive system
    1. Recognize symptoms of digestive system disorders
    2. Specify the etiological factors for digestive system disorders
    3. Name the possible methods of treatment for digestive system disorders
    4. List the procedures used in diagnosing digestive system disorders
    5. State the prognosis for digestive system disorders
    6. Describe the functions of the different types of nutrients
    7. Describe the concept of the Recommended Daily Dietary Allowances
    8. List the dietary guidelines using My Plate
  11. Explain the structures and function of the urinary system
    1. List each of the organs or the urinary system
    2. State the general function of each of the organs.
    3. Name the parts of a nephron
    4. Describe the role of each part of the nephron in the formation of urine
    5. Explain the importance of filtration, tubular reabsorption, and tubular secretion in urine formation
    6. Explain how the kidneys act as vital organs in maintaining homeostasis
  12. Identify disorders of the urinary system
    1. Recognize symptoms of urinary system disorders
    2. Specify etiological factors for urinary system disorders
    3. Name possible methods of treatment for urinary system disorders
    4. List the procedures used in diagnosing urinary system disorders
    5. State the etiology for urinary system disorders
  13. Explain the structures and function of the reproductive system
    1. List the essential and accessory organs of the male and female reproductive system
    2. Give the general function of each essential and accessory organ
    3. Describe the gross and microscopic structure of the gonads in both sexes
    4. Explain the developmental steps in spermatogenesis and oogenesis
    5. Identify the structures that constitute the external genitals in both sexes
    6. Discuss the phases of the menstrual cycle
    7. Correlate each phase of the menstrual cycle with its occurrence in a typical 28-day cycle.
    8. Discuss the major developmental changes characteristic of the prenatal stage of life from fertilization to birth
    9. Discuss three stages of labor that characterize a normal, vaginal birth
    10. Discuss various methods of birth control
  14. Identify the disorders of the reproductive system
    1. Recognize symptoms of disorders of the reproductive system
    2. List the etiological factors for disorders of the reproductive system
    3. Specify the possible methods of treatment for disorders of the reproductive system
    4. Name the procedures used in diagnosing disorders of the reproductive system
    5. State the prognosis for disorders of the reproductive system
    6. Define the term sexually transmitted infections and describe major types
    7. Describe methods of prevention for sexually transmitted infections
    8. Describe treatment and prognosis of sexually transmitted diseases
  15. List the common childhood diseases
    1. Etiology, treatment, and prognosis
    2. Identify vaccines available for prevention of childhood diseases
  16. Describe interaction that occurs between systems and changes to the structure and function that occur across the life span
    1. Describe the inter-relationships among the organ systems and the inter-relationship of each organ system to homeostasis
    2. Describe the effects of illness to the inter-relationships fo the organ systems and this effect on homeostasis
    3. Describe normal developmental milestones
  17. Identify common pharmaceuticals prescribed for each system studied
    1. Identify common pharmaceuticals prescribed for each body system
  18. Access patient education material
    1. Locate varieties of patient education materials in areas of wellness, preventative and treatment care
    2. Explain the benefits of patient routine care, physical exams, regular diagnostic testing and screening to wellness and preventative care.
    3. Use appropriate internet search for information on assigned health and disease conditions, treatments and or patient education materials throughout this course



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